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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the processes that hormones regulate?
Reproductive maturity
Internal environment
Energy metabolism
What is hyperalgesia?
The exaggerated response to a noxious stimulus
What is allodynia? Associated with what type of patients?
Pain perceived from stimulus not normally known to cause pain
- Descending inhibitory influences are decreased (it occurs after too much hyperalglasia)
Chronic pain patients
What is the neurological afferent activity action at the dorsal horn? What happen when there is continual afferent activity?
Relays the sensory information to the CNS
Ca channels
Phosphorylation cascades
Lose inhibitory neuron function
All aid in maintaining facilitation
What is the neurological efferent activity action at the ventral horn?
What does it affect in Endocrine glands?
What does this have to do with somatic dysfunction?
Facilitation outflows to autonomics
- Affecting visceral function (Endocrine Gland)
- Facilitation outflows to soma - Muscle spasm – tissue texture changes, asymmetry, altered range of motion, tenderness (TART)
What would activate the neuroendocrine-immune axis in the CNS?
Circadian release of cortisol
Unexpected or noxious stimuli- Somatic or visceral
- Strong emotional drive- Limbic system connections
Where is the sympathetic center of the CNS?
locus cerelius- controls release of catecholamines
Is allostasis a normal occurring process in the body?

Why does it exist?
Yes- To maintain balance and function it goes up with problems and decreases when problem goes away
Explain the cascade of events that drive the body towards allostasis
How does this cascade develope into a disease state?
Activation of the brainstem SNS and the hypothalamus-pituitary axis (HPA) drives the body toward allostasis
- increased stimulus increases load which decreases feedback mechanism for homestasis
How will long term high allostatic load affect an endocrine organ and thus its function?
Viscerosomatic reflexes establish a facilitated segment
The afferent activity of this is the stimulus that begins the process of activating the brainstem SNS
This culminates in maintaining somatic dysfunction
Name some physiologic effects that have been documented relative to a high allostatic load.
Pain, segmental spinal reflexes, cardio, pulm, endocrine- excessive andrenergic activity, bagal inhibition, increased O2 demands, hyperglycemia
How will the use of OMT be helpful in reducing the allostatic load and what is the effect upon potential organ function?
Why is it not curative?
Overall lowering the allostatic load
- Treating SD’s decreases the neural reflexes that may maintain the noxious stimulus, thus helping the body develop the homeostasis it needs
Not Cure Because- allows the body to develop the balance to exist with the disease process in a better balance
Where would you apply OMT to have an affect upon the pituitary gland?
Temporals, Sphenoid, Occiput, Frontal, Parietals
Where would you apply OMT to have an affect upon the thyroid gland (for para/sympathetic)?
para- Vagus
Symp T1-4
Where would you apply OMT to have an affect upon the pancreas?
Para- vagus
Symp- T5-9
Where would you apply OMT to have an affect upon the adrenal gland?
Para- none
Symp- T10-11
Where would you apply OMT to have an affect upon the ovary and testes?
Para- S2-4
Symp- T10-11