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47 Cards in this Set

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CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
He planned to reach the east indies by sailing across the Atlantic ocean. In August 1492, he set out on his journey in three ships... the Nina, pinta, and the santa maria. On October 12, 1492 they reached the land. He was convinced that he had reached the east indies in Asia, but instead, he reached land off the coast of North America and South America. He found gold and many things, such as tobacco, hammocks, and pineapples, which the Europeans had never seen before. He also found "Indians" called the Tainos, which he said could be used as slaves.In 1493 he founded his first Spanish colony...Hispanola... but was later brought back to France in chains because of his harsh rularship. (But he was later pardoned.) He died in 1506 still thinking he reached the East Indies.
FERDINAND MAGELLAN
He was the first to find out how big the Pacific Ocean was. In 1519, he left Spain along with his crew of 250 men and 15 months later...they entered the Pacific Ocean. Magellan himself was killed in a battle with the local people of the Philippine Islands off the coast of Asia. Only 18 people and one ship remained to go around the whole globe.
THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
The columbian exchange was a global exchange of goods and ideas.Because it started with the voyages of Columbus, this transfer is known as the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange covered a wide variaty of goods including food, medicine, government, technology, the arts, and language. It consisted of four places... Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia. (see map to show what they traded)
TURNING POINT
moment in history that marks a decisive change
COLONY
group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land
CIRCUMNAVIGATE
travel all the way around the world
CONQUIESTODOR
name for the spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for Spain
PUEBLO
a town in the spanish colonies
PRESIDIO
fort where soldiers lived in Spanish colonies
MISSION
religious settlements run by catholic preists
PENINSULAR
A person from spain who had power in a spanish colony
CREOLE
people born in spanins american colony to spanish parents
MESTIZOS
people of mixed Spanish and Indian background
ECOMIDIANS
land grants that included the right to demand labor or taxes from Native Americans
PLANTATION
large land farmed by many workers
HENRY HUDSON
Henry Hudson sailed for the Dutch. His ship, the Half Moon, entered present-day New York harbor. Hudson continued to sail some 150 miles up that is now call the Hudson River.The following year, Hudson made a voyage into the far north—this time for the English. After spending a harsh winter in present-day Hudson Bay, his crew rebelled. They set Hudson, his son, and seven loyal sailors adrift in a small boat. The boat and its crew were never seen again.
NORTHWEST PASSAGE
a waterway through or around North America
PROTOSTAN REFORMATION
movement to reform the Roman Catholic Church in the 1500's
Coureur de Bois
french colonists who lived in the woods as fur trappers
MISSIONARY
person who tries to spread their religious beliefs among other persons
ALLIANCE
aggrement between nations to aid and help one another
What were some of Frances ecomomic occupations?
fishing, trapping, and trading
What was the first perminant colony?
Jamestown
What were the Northern Colonies (New England Colonies)?
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut and Rhode Island
What were the Middle Colonies?
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware
What were the southern Colonies?
Georgia, South and North Carolina, Maryland, and Virginia
PURITIANS
religious group who settled in the Massachusetts Bay colony
General Court.
when male church members elected representatives to an assembly
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
a plan of government that limited the governor's power and all men who owned property had the right to vote
Religious tolerance
willingness to let others practice their own beliefs
Sabbith
holy day of rest
Town Meetings
settlers discussed and voted on many issues
Patroons
Owners of huge estates
proprietary colony
the king gave land to one or more people in return for a yearly payment
Royal Colony
a colony under the direct control of the English crown
Quakers
one of the most despised religious groups in England
Pennsylvania Dutch
German-speaking Protestants.
Cash crop
crops sold for money
Mason-Dixon Line
A boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland. It also divided the Middle Colonies from the Southern Colonies.
Act of Toleration
provided religious freedom for all Christians
Bacons Rebellion
When Nathnial Bacon raided Native American villages, regardless of whether the Indians there had been friendly to the colonists or not. Then, he led his followers to Jamestown and burned the capital.
indigo
a plant used to make a valuable blue dye
debtors
people who owed money they could not pay back
Middle Passage
passage of slave ships west across the Atlantic Ocean
slave codes
treated enslaved Africans not as human beings but as property
Racism
treated enslaved Africans not as human beings but as property
What is the signifigance of the Mayflower compact?
They pledged themselves to unite into a “civil body politic,” or government. They agreed to make and abide by laws that insured “the general Good of the Colony.”