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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
alkanes
single bond

CnH2n+2

C is sp3
alkenes
double bond

CnH2n

sp2
alkynes
triple bond

CnH2n-2

sp
alpha and beta carbon
in carbonyl c=o

alpha indicates adjacent C

and B is one after
t-butyl
CH3
H3c C-
CH3
neopentyl
CH3
CH3-C-CH2-
CH3
isopropyl
H3C-
CH-
H3C-
sec-butyl
CH3
H3C-H2C-CH-
methanal
formaldehyde
ethanal
acetalaldehyde
propanal
propionaldehyde
methanoic acid
formic acid
ethanoic acid
acetic acid
propanoic acid
propionic acid
alcohol
-OH
...ol
ether
C-O-C
C-C-O-C

METHOXYETHANE

OR ETHYL METHLY ETHER
aldehyde
...al

c-c=o H
keone
..one

r-c=o r
carboxylic acid
r-c=o oH

oic acid
ester
RCOOR
...OATE
C-CO-OC

METHYL ETHANOATE
AMIDES
RCONRR

..AMIDE
CCCC=ONH2

BUTANAMIDE
ANHYDRIDES
RCO-O-COR
CCC=O-O-O=CCC

PROPANOIC ANHYDRIDE
NITRILE
RCN

TRIPLE BOND BTW C AND N
IMINE
C::N-R
AMINE
RNRR
NITRO
R-NO2
ALKYL HALIDE
R-X
ALKONYL HALIDE
C=O-X
IUPAC NAME
1. find longest chain (parent chain)
2. if 2 parent chain exist가지를 많이 친것이 P.C
3.subsitutiuent 은 alphabetical order
4. Functional group place above multiple bond
5.aldehyde, carboxylic acid are terminal group they define C1 of the parant c
11. specify trans, cis or R or L
in alkane

chain length inc
b.p inc
m.p inc
density inc
protic solvents
solvents capable of participating in hydrogen bonding
like H2O
brancing inc
b.p dec
m.p dec
density dec
tbutyl
c-c(CH3)2 t shape
neopentyl
C-C(CH3)3
isopropyl
C(CH3)2-
sec butyl
C-C-C(CH3)-
isobutyl
C-C(CH3)-C-
vinyl chloride
chlorethene
formaldehyde
methanal
acetaldehyde
ethanal
propionaldehyde
propanal
acetone
2propanon or dimethyl ketone
methyl vinyl ketone
3 butene-2-one
formic acid
methanoic acid
acetic acid
ethanoic acid
propionic acid
propanoic acid
butyraldehyde
butanal
valeraldehyde
pentanal