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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
True or False. A sample should have slightly more favorable characteristics that the population represents...
False
The purpose of the ABC Sampling narrative event sampling method is to...
a- describe a developmental milestone
b- rate the changes children make in their on-task behaviors
c- understand events and behaviors within the contexts of their antecedents and consequences.
d- prepare qualitative data for a child's Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
C
True or False. The goal of ABC narrative event sampling is to uncover teaching stratagies that work effectively with all children...
False
The four column headings on an ABC narrative event sampling from are the _____, _____, _____, and _____.
Time, antecedent event, behavior, and consequence.
Gabrielle's study of the _____ of Adam's off-task behaviors during math activities helped her recognize his current difficulties with subtraction, and her evaluation of the _____ of her half-hearted reprimands helped her plan more effective classroom control stratagies...
a- antecedents and consequences
b- severity and events
c- narration and sampling
A
True or False. Qualitative analysis should not be done with ABC narrative event sampling data...
False
True or False. Practice activity 9.2 that focuses on the aquisition of a second language demonstrates that the ABC narrative event sampling method is not restricted to the study of problem behaviors.
True
The goal of the observer using ABC format is to...
a- document individual children's development
b- assess individual children's development
c- understand patterns of behavior
C
True or False. The ABC narrative event sampling method is a good example of authentic observation as introduced in Chapter 1
True
An appropriate topic to study with the ABC narrative event sampling method is...
a- the frequency of off-task behaviors of three first-graders
b- all child-parent seperations in a child care centers on Mondays
c- preschool teachers' stratagies during transitions
d- the aggressive acts of Nathan during outside time
D
The contents of a portfolio are...
a- a combination of letter grades and teacher comments
b- a month's worth of work samples created by the child
c- an organized collection of classroom observations
d- a combination of the child's work samples and the teachers' observations over a year's time
D
Teachers may create their own record-keeping systems, modify others' systems or use one of the three presented in this chapter. The three organizational systems discussed were...
a-
b-
c-
-Card file box
-File folder case
-Notebook
True or False. One of the features of an effective record-keeping system is that it expedites classroom planning and parent conferences.
True
_____ records are the most abundant observations kept by a teacher and are often referred to as the backbone of portfolios.
Anecdotal
Name 3 samples of children's work that could be included in the portfolio to represent more than one area of development...
a-
b-
c-
Dictated stories, written stories, artwork, photographs...
Which one of the following guidelines for designing a portfolio system is NOT accurate?...
a- Choose a system that accomodates all methods of observation used in the classroom
b- Be sure to keep portfolios in a locked cabinet to ensure confidentiality, allowing for teacher access only
c- Check the format for ease in filing and planning
d- If the storage container selected for the teacher's observational records does not include space for samples of children's work, determine how those will be filed and stored
B
One of the goals of a family-teacher conference is to build a _____ that ensures optimal progress for the child...
Partnership
During a family-teacher conference the teacher should open with a _____ statement about the child...
Positve
True or False. Tools to effectively enhance the written comments in a family-teacher conference are audiotapes, videotapes, and photographs...
True
Conference forms should be written from the head and the _____...
Heart
In this chapter the observational method of time sampling was introduced as a means of collecting representative samples of data on...
a- antecedents, behaviors, and consequences
b- rapidly occuring behaviors
c- developmental milestones
d- materials and environments
B
True or False. An appropriate behavior to observe with a time sampling instrument is the autonomous behavior of one preschool child during free choice time...
False
True or False. An appropriate behavior to observe with a time sampling instrument is the choice of recess activities for all first grade children...
True
A time sampling instrument specifies that the observer observe for 20 seconds and then code for 10 seconds. This format is an example of the...
a- concurrent technique
b- delayed technique
B
A time sampling instrument specifies that the observer observe and code for 20 seconds. This format is an example of the...
a- concurrent technique
b- delayed technique
A
True or False. Data collected on a time sampling instrument in the form of tallies is quantitative...
True
In the preschool example, Kemlyn wanted to focus on teaching stratagies that support and extend children's block area activities rather than on all possible behaviors. Her teacher behavior catagories were thus an example of...
a- a sign system
b- a catagory system
A
True or False. When using the time sampling method, observers focus on naturally occuring behaviors...
True
True or False. The time sampling method is an appropriate choice for observing the block activities of a single child...
False
True or False. Time sampling lends itself to a quantitative analysis of data and is therefore best suited to topics in which the observer wants to compare frequencies.
True
Explain how the purposes for using tally event sampling and ABC narrative event sampling differ...
The purpose of the tally event sampling is to record how often a behavior or event happens, and the purpose of the ABC narrative event sampling is to study the antecedents and the consequences of a behavior or event to unlock the causes.
Observers appropriately select the tally event sampling method when they want to determine how _____ an identified event occurs...
Frequently
True or False. The tally event sampling method is used primarily to observe individuals...
False
Which one of the following is NOT a possibl topic for tally event sampling...
a- teacher's use of conflict resolution
b- children's requests for help from adults in the classroom
c-types of questions teachers ask during and after reading stories
d- children's language interactions (who speaks to whom in what language)
D
What kind of data is collected with tally event sampling?...
-qualitative
-quanitative
Quantitative
When observers choose to design their own tally event sampling instrument, they choose two sets of catagories (horizontal and vertical) that intersect to form a _____ in which that tallies are collected...
Grid
Inter-rater reliability is...
a- the degree of agreement between observers when they observe the same setting at the same time using the same instrument
b- the frequency with which observers engage in observation using a stop watch
c- the process of trying out an observational instrument to assess its workability
d- an educational concern that is to be studied and is stated as an interrogatory
A
True or False. A major strength of the tally event sampling method is efficiency and simplicity in recording...
True
The principal limitation of the tally event sampling method is that it generally takes the behavior under study out of _____...
Context
True or False. The tally event sampling instrument collects data using a predetermined sampling period...
True
Significant factors to consider, observe, and assess in the indoor classroom setting are...
a-
b-
c-
-room arrangement
-lighting
-visual appeal
Important outdoor elements to consider, observe, and assess are...
a-
b-
c-
d-
-developmental benefit
-design factors
-teacher's role
-materials and selection
Room arrangements are best when based on the program _____...
Goals
True or False. Effective room arrangments take into consideration traffic patterns, classroom layout, and material selection and equipment location...
True
An artificial light source that has a range of colors similar to sunlight is...
a- halogen
b- full-spectrum
c- incandescent
d- flash light
B
Three ways to add softness to an indoor environment are...
a-
b-
c-
Any of the following three:
-valances, plants, rugs, bean bag, chairs, pillows, cushions, slipcovers over plastic chair backs, pets, blankets
The key to using color in a classroom is to use a balance of _____ and _____ colors...
Warm and cool
In the outdoor play environment, _____ can be moved, manipulated, and changed, thus feeding developmental needs...
a- open-ended materials
b- swings
c- natural areas
d- lighting
A
True or False. Teachers tend to consider outdoor playground experiences more important than indoor experiences more important than indoor experiences...
False
Circle the observational methods most commonly uses to assess environments...
a- running records
b- anecdotes
c- checklists
d- rating scales
e- ABC narrative event sampling
f- tally event sampling
g- time sampling
C, d, f, g