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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
At what average age is a regular, predictable reproductive cycle established in women?
15 years
At what average age does the female reproductive cycle become inefficient?
45 years
A woman's optimal reproductive time occupies approximately how many years?
30 years
On average, how many times during the year will a healthy, nonpregnant woman ovulate?
13 to 14 times
What is the average length of the female reproductive cycle?
28 days
What is the name of the pulse generator that secretes gonadotropin-releasing hormone?
Arcuate nucleus of the anterior hypothalamus
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone flows from the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary gland through the
pituitary portal venous plexus
What is the pulse frequency of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion?
Every 70 to 90 minutes
Given a woman with the inability to secrete gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH; Kallmann syndrome), at waht pulse frequency should an external GnRH pump be set?
Every 70 to 90 minutes
The hormone that stimulates the granulosa cells of the primary ovarian follicle is
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
The hormone that triggers ovulation is
The principal sex steroid secreted by the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicle is
The hormone that stimulates the pre-granulosa cells of the primordial follicle to become granulosa cells is
The hormone that facilitates preparation of the endometrium for implantation of the blastocyst following fertilization is
The hormone that has the greatest effect on the hypothalamic thermoregulatory center is
The hormone that is associated with the development of the secretory endometrium is
The hormone that stimulates the ductal elements of the breast (nipples, areolae, and ducts) is
The hormone that stimulates the acinar elements of the breast (milk-producing glands) is
The hormone associated with the development of a proliferative endometrium is
Which of the following reflects the activity of the arcuate nucleus?
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
The hormone that is most heavily secreted in response to a perceived estrogen deficiency is
Which is the principal sex steroid hormone secreted by the theca lutein cells?
Which of the following is secreted by the theca lutein cells during the follicular phase of the cycle and acts as a precursor in the synthesis of sex steroid hormone by granulosa cells?
The oocyte in the primordial follicle is arrested in what stage of division?
Prophase of meiosis
Which of the following stimulates the arrested oocyte to complete maturation?
The LH surge
What endocrine event initiates the onset of menstruation?
Involution of the corpus luteum
What is the average volume of blood lost each menstrual cycle?
30 to 50 mL
Where do the prostaglandins that initiate uterine contractions during menstruation originate?
What is the clinical condition associated with symptomatic uterine contractions during menstruation?
Primary dysmenorrhea
What is the preferred form of treatment for women who suffer from menstrual pain?
Prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors
When does the pituitary gland begin to secrete FSH to initiate a new reproductive cycle?
24 to 48 hours before the onset of menstruation
What is the consequence of an androgen-to-estrogen ratio of greater than one in a follicle that is undergoing stimulation?
Atretic follicle
What is the presumed chemical stimulus for extrusion of the oocyte from the follicle at the time of ovulation?
Liberation of intrafollicular prostaglandins
What is the consequence if prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors are administered at the expected time of ovulation?
The oocyte will be retained in the follicle
What term is given to the pain associated with ovulation?
The clinical term for insufficient progesterone production by the corpus luteum is
inadequate luteal phase
Which hormone is necessary to sustain the corpus luteum beyond 14 days?
Human chorionic gonadotropin
At approximately what age will a woman begin to notice changes in her reproductive cycle associated with perimenopause?
38 to 42
What is the first evidence of diminished reproductive efficiency in a woman?
A change in length of the reproductive cycle
What is the clinical condition when the few remaining ovarian follicles are resistant to stimulation by FSH?
What procedure is used for endometrial dating, to diagnose inadequate luteal phase?
Endometrial biopsy
What is the common condition characterized by breast tenderness, mood changes, fluid retention, abdominal bloating, and weight gain?
Premenstrual syndrome
A 20-year-old patient inquires about a watery, thin mucus that seems to come and go. She should be told that it occurs at the time of
Endocervical glands play a critical role in
A 35-year-old woman who complains of vaginal dryness with intercourse should be told that lubrication of the vagina during the sexual response cycle comes from the
In counseling a patient regarding the basal body temperature chart, she should be told to take her temperature
first thing in the morning
A 40-year-old woman inquires about the changes in her menstrual period that are likely to occur. Which of the following is the most accurate?
The luteal phase will likely be maintained at normal length