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99 Cards in this Set

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Ginger Syrup is used for?
Cold

Flu

Sore Throat

Travel Sickness

Nausea
Fresh Plant Decoction?
1 Part fresh Plant

10 parts water cold water

Boil 15 mins

Cool

Strain

1 part decoction : 2 parts sugar
Nutritional Pharmacy?
Preparation & dispensing of nutritional medicine & food
What is Nutritional medicine?
Prevention, treatment of disease

Study of nutrition +

Biochemistry

Physiology

Anatomy
Food, diet & micronutrients have?
Therapeutic effect

Correct deficiencies
Foods that are also herbal medicine?
Garlic

Turmeric

Cinnamon

Capsicum

Fenugreek
Herbs with high nutrient levels?
Nettle

Parsley

Alfalfa

Kelp
Health benefit of Basil?
Anti cancer
Health benefit of Cinnamon?
Lowers blood glucose levels
Health benefit of Cloves
Anti bacterial
Health Benefit of Coriander?
Aids digestion
Health benefit of Cumin?
Anti inflammatory
Health benefit of Dill?
Anti bacterial
Health benefit of Flat leaf parsley?
Anti microbial
Health benefit of Garlic?
Lowers cholesterol

Anti inflammatory

Anti microbial
Health benefit of Lemon grass?
Anti cancer
Health benefit of Marjoram?
Anti microbial
Health Benefit Mint?
Anti Cancer

Anti bacterial

Aids digestion
Health Benefit Oregano?
Anti microbial
Health benefit Peppermint?
Anti microbial

Anti viral

Soothing for irritable bowels
Health benefit of Rosemary?
Anti cancer
Health benefit of Sage?
Bone strength

Memory
Health benefit of Tarragon
Anti cancer

Aids digestion
Health benefit of Thyme?
Bone strength
Health benefit Turmeric?
Anti cancer
Base recipe for infusion or decoction of dried or fresh herb in OIL ratio?
1 Part herb : 10 parts oil
What do supplements do?
Correct overt & Subclinical deficiency
Supplements support at times of increased nutrient needs eg?
Folate during pregnancy

Vitamin K for neonates
Medication & drugs deplete stores of certain nutrients eg?
Diuretics & potassium
What is an excipient?
Non active

Functional substance

Used in production of medicines
What is the function of an excipient?
Powder flow

Compressibility

Holds together

Absorption
Specific functions of excipients?
Bind, Fill, Flow

Lubricate, Preserve

Disintegrants
Benefit in making your own supplements?
Control Excipients, additives, coatings

Create a client specific product
Controversy regarding excipients?
Sensitivity

Reactions
Why use a practitioner product?
Stronger

Practitioner only combinations
Advantage of mfrd product
Helps the majority

Convenient

Specific needs - Preg, Veg
Disadvantage of mfrd product
Toxic

Combo not in foods
What is a therapeutic good?
Goods for therapeutic use

Ingredient for therapeutic use
Role of the TGA?
Assessment

Monitoring

Mfrg

Advertising
What is the role of OCM?
Office of Complimentary Medicine:

Pre market assessment

Post market review

Regulate products & services
What types of CAM are regulated by OCM?
Food & services with a therapeutic health claim.
As a practitioner, can I prepare medicines or supplements for my patient?
Yes
What is the purpose of the ARTG?
Australian Register of Therapeutic goods.

Database of all therapeutic goods imported in or out of Australia
What is a listed medicine by the TGA?
Used for self medication

Relieves symptoms of minor

Promotes wellbeing
What is the restriction of Vit A in Therapeutic good?
500iu or less per dosage unit
What does the excipient - sorbent do?
Moisture proofing

Limites fluid absorption
What do preservatives do?
Maintain shelf life

Preserve the activity of the ingredients
What do Lubricants do?
Prevent clumping during mfr
What do glidants do?
Promote powder flow
What do disintegrants do?
Expand and dissolve when wet

Tablet breaks apart in digestive tract
Infused oils are used for?
Base for:

Topical lotions

Ointments

Skin care
Disadvantage of infused oil
Oxidation

Rancidity (heat/light)

Leaves oil residue after use
What is an infused oil?
Active constituent infuses into fixed oil
What is a liniment?
Fluid or semifluid

Alchol or water based

Externally applied with friction
Advantage of liniment?
Non oily

Warm

Relaxing

Stimulates skin & muscles

Pain, atrophy, spasms
Disadvantage of liniment?
May irritate
Advantages of Poultice?
Draws out toxins

Excludes air

Counter irritant

Sprains, bruises
Disadvantage of Poultice?
Inconvenient
Messy
Base Recipe for infusion or decoction of dried herb in oil?
1 part herb powder : 10 parts oil
Cover herb with oil
Cover jar
Heat for 4 hrs in water bath
Remove from heat & cool
Leave for 12 hrs
Strain
What type of capsules are there?
Hard & soft
The gelatine shell of a capsule is made from?
Bone meal
The gelatine shell of a capsule dissolves in how many minutes?
10-20 minutes
Hard shell gelatine capsules are made from a mixture of?
Gelatine (Bone Meal)

Sugar

Water
What is the preservative used for hard shell gelatine capsules?
Sulphur dioxide
Soft shell capsules are made from?
Gelatine

+ Glycerine as a plasticiser
Advantages of a capsule?
Slow assimilation in small intestine

Nourishing

Mass production easy & cheap

Self medication for difficult to consume products (chilli)
Disadvantage of capsules?
Limit to capsule capacity

Labour involved

Some constituents may not absorb
What are the advantages of pills
Small

Easy to take

Conceals taste
What are the disadvantages of pills?
Slow disintegration

Not good for bulky powders or liquids

Not good for irritating drugs
Excipients are used in?
Pills
What is an excipient?
Mass for pills
Stops sticking to machinery
Helps absorption
What is a tablet?
Disk like


Moulded or compessed
2 types; moulded & compressed
Advantage of tablets?
Efficient
Versatile
Good for drug release
No unpleasant taste
Accurate dosages
No alcohol
professional
What is the disadvantage of tablets?
Not many
Difficulty swallowing
Diff to prepare extemporaneously
Enema safety?
Caution - perforation of bowel
Hygeine: Clean equpment - infection
Avoid air into bowels
Types of enemas?
Coffee
Cathartic
L Bifidus Retention
Colonic irrigation solution
Tofu?
Very Good source of protein
Prevents breast & prostate cancer
Lowers cholesterol
Menopause symptoms
Tomatoes?
Phyto Nutrient - Lycopene:
Anti cancer
Vit C & A
Borage
GLA - prostaglandin

Anti inflammatory

R arthritis
Brazil Nuts
Selenium (hair nails skin)

Infections

Muscle & heart health

Zinc - Skin inflam aging fertility
Bok choy
Cancer
Spina bifida
Heart Disease
Broad Beans
Heart disease
Insulin
Iron
Calcium
Cholesterol
Protein
Brussel Sprouts
Immune boosting
Cancer
Spina bifida
Heart
B & C are destroyed by?
When picked
Light
Air
Heat
Dissolved in water
E is reduced?
When frozen
Minerals survive?
Disolve in?
Heat

Water - over washing
Cooking makes protein easier to?

When it's over cooked its harder to?
Digest
Fatty Acids are sensitive to ?
Heat
Light
Air
Commercial processing of wheat to flour...60% of what is lost?
Vitamins
Soaking rice prior to cooking breaks down phytates but reduces ?
Iron & zinc
What 2 foods are nutritionally improved from advanced preparation?
Onion & garlic
10 mins

Cooking over 30 minutes reduce sulphur
Grains contain what that inhibits minerals iron & zinc
Phytic acid
What process reduces phytic acid in grains?
Cooking
Sprouting
Adding herbs
What is the protein in raw egg that binds with iron and blocks availability?
Conalbumin
Avidin in raw egg whites binds with ?
Biotin and blocks availability
Why cook eggs?
Destroys Salmonella

Denatures Avidin & Conalbumin

Makes biotin & iron available
Cooking Brassica's inactivates?
Goitrogens
6 rules to rpeserve nutrient in veg?
Dont pre soak

Use little water as poss

Little water contact as poss

Never boil in high heat + direct water contact

Vivid colour

Tender - not soft
Why do we soak some foods?
Beans

Reduces phytohaemagglutinin

Cellular metabolism disruptor