Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List the most influential nutrients of tooth structure.
calcium, phosphorus, vitamins A,D,C, fluoride, and protein.
Which of the following are factors of caries formation?

a. pits
b. fissures
c. position of teeth
d. all of the above
d. all of the above
The development of salivary glands occur during ____ week in utero.

a. 3rd
b. 4th
c. 5th
d. 7th
a. 3rd
What are the essential nutrients for growth, development, & secretion from the salivary glands?

a. Vitamin A
b. Protein
c. Lipopolysachharides
d. a & b
e. b & c
d. a & b
True or False

Saliva does not act as a buffer
False

It does.
Which of the following is not found in saliva?

a. calcium
b. sodium
c. fluoride
d. phosphorus
e. bicarbonates
f. proteins
b. sodium
True or False

The composition of plaque is unaltered as it ages and is strongly influenced by the diet.
False - Saliva is altered as it ages
What organisms are responsible for caries?
streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus acidophilus
Demineralization occurs when the pH of plaque is ___ or lower.
5.5
True or False

Polysaccharides are less cariogenic than mono & disaccharides
True
Metabolic products of sugar metabolism include all of the follwing EXCEPT

a. acetic acid
b. butyric acid
c. hydrochloric acid
d. formic acid
e. lactic acid
f. propionic acid
c. hydrochloric acid
True or False

Sorbital and Mannitol are fermented more slowly in the mouth than monosaccharides and disaccharides
True
Which of the following cannot be broken down by oral flora because the enzyme for fermentation is lacking and also is responsible for inhibiting s.mutans?

a. mannitol
b. sorbital
c. sucralose
d. xylitol
d. xylitol
_____ & _____ are two nutrient classes that are considered anticariogenic because they do not lower plaque pH.
protein & fat
What two minerals provide caries protective qualities?
calcium and phosphorus
Give some examples of ingrediants of cariostatic foods & noncariogenic foods.
Protein, casein, phosphorus, calcium, cheese
True or False

A consistuent in chocolate known as the cocoa factor has anticariogenic effect.
True
_____, the actice ingredient in licorice, can also be considered anticariogenic.
Glycyrrhiza acid (but contraindicated w/ antihypertensive)
____ oral clearance means longer exposure of the tooth to acid attack.
slow
Acid attack upos exposure to sugar generally lasts ___ minutes.

a. 15
b. 20
c. 25
d. 30
b. 20
When should you consume carbohydrates?

a. in the morning
b. before bed
c. at mealtimes
d. frequently
c. at mealtimes so other foods can neutralize the acid
True or False

Saliva flow is increased while sleeping.
False - saliva flow is decreased during sleep
Uninterrupted acid production can be harmful for up to ____ hour(s).

a. 1/2
b. 1
c. 2
d. 3
c. 2
The dental hygiene plan includes ____ & ____ data.
objective and subjective
More than ____ acid exposures in one day are generally considered high.

a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4
b. 2
Ingredients on a food label are listed in order of ______.
concentration
A food containing ______ per serving for sugars is generally considered a low sugar food.

a. 5 gm
b. 50 gm
c. 500 gm
d. 5000 gm
a. 5 gm