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39 Cards in this Set

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True or False

Carbohydrates provide more energy per gram than lipids.
False-lipids provide more energy per gram than carbohydrates or proteins
True or False

Carbohydrates provide more energy per gram than lipids.
False-lipids provide more energy per gram than carbohydrates or proteins
What are two classes of water insoluble lipids?
simple (aka triglycerides) and structural lipids
What are two classes of water insoluble lipids?
simple (aka triglycerides) and structural lipids
Which of the following are produced by the body for specific functions? Simple or Structural Lipids
Structural lipids
Which of the following are produced by the body for specific functions? Simple or Structural Lipids
Structural lipids
Triglycerides with at least one of the fatty acids replaced with carbohydrate, phosphate, and/or nitrogenous compounds are called _____.
Lipids
Triglycerides with at least one of the fatty acids replaced with carbohydrate, phosphate, and/or nitrogenous compounds are called _____.
Lipids
True or False

The majority of lipid in our diet and bodies is in the form of phospholipids.
False, The majority of lipid in our diet and bodies is in the form of triglycerides.
True or False

The majority of lipid in our diet and bodies is in the form of phospholipids.
False, The majority of lipid in our diet and bodies is in the form of triglycerides.
Saturation of fatty acids depend on the number of:

a. Carbons
b. Hydrogens
c. Glycerols
d. Nitrogens
b. Hydrogens
What are the most prevalent saturated fatty acids?

a. Oleic and Palmitic
b. Stearic and Oleic
c. Stearic and Palmitic
d. None of the above
c. Stearic and Palmitic
Stearic and palmitic are two structural components of ___ & ___.
Tooth enamel & Dentin
Which of the following acids is not polyunsaturated?

a. Oleic
b. Linoleic
c. Linolenic
d. Arachidonic
a. Oleic acid is a monosaturated fatty acid (and in fact the most abundant monounsaturated fatty acid)
What foods can you find oleic acid in?
olive, peanut, and canola oil
What is the only fatty acid that must be provided in the diet?

a. Oleic
b. Linoleic
c. Linolenic
d. Arachidonic
B. Linoleic- it can be found in sunflower, safflower, corn, soybean, and cottonseed oils
Phospholipids contain phosphorus and a _____ base in addition to fatty acids

a. carbon
b. nitrogenous
c. hydrogen
d. sulfur
b. nitrogenous
Which of the following are phospholipids not a structural component of?

a. tooth enamel
b. dentin
c. cementum
c. cementum
What is the second most prevalent form of fat in the body?

a. cholesterol
b. phospholipd
c. lipoproteins
d. polyunsaturated fatty acids
b. phospholipid
Phospholipids can mix with _____ ingredients.

a. fat soluble
b. water soluble
c. both fat and water soluble
c. fat and water soluble
True or False

Phospholipids are important in fat absorption and transport of fats in the blood.
True
_______ is the most common dietary phospholipid and is found in egg yolks and soybeans.

a. Albumin
b. Lecithin
c. Chylomicrons
d. Stearic Acid
b. Lecithin
True or False

Lipoproteins are produced by the bidy
True
Lipoproteins are composed of ___, ____, and _______.
Triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol combined with proteins.
HDL's are ____ and contain ____.

a. unhealthy; larger amounts of lipids than proteins.
b. Healthy; larger amounds of lipids than proteins
c. Healthy; larger amounts of proteins than lipids
d. Unhealthy; larger amounts of proteins than lipids
c. Healthy; larger amounts of proteins than lipids
HDL's transport ____ back to the ____ from cells.
cholesterol, liver
LDLs contain a larger amount of ____ and less _____.
lipids, protein
What are VLDL's primarily composed of?
triglycerides
______ are a class of lipoproteins that transport diet-derived lipids, primarily lipoproteins.

a. Albumin
b. Lecithin
c. Chylomicrons
d. Stearic Acid
c. chylomicrons
Cholesterol is a fat-like waxy substance classified as a _____.
sterol
Cholesterol functions as

1.
2.
3.
4.
1. A consitiuent of brain and nervous tissue
2. A precursor of vitamin D and steroid hormones
3. A constituent of bile salts
4. A structural component of cell membranes and teeth
Dietary fats supply ____% of the body's ongoing energy needs.

a. 30
b. 40
c. 50
d. 60
d. 60%
Which of the following is an essential amino acid that cannot be synthesized by the body?

a. linoleic acid
b. Linolenic acid
c. arachidonic acid
d. all of the above
a. linoLEIC acid
True or False

Dietary fats are essential for oral health because they are incorporated in the tooth structure.
True
Which of the following is a loss of natural elasticity of arteries?

a. atherosclerosis
b. arteriosclerosis
c. arthrosclerosis
d. aterioartherosclerosis
b. arteriosclerosis
Fill in the blanks.

Laboratory Tests should be..
Total Cholesterol _____mg/dl
LDL Cholesterol _____mg/dl
HDL Cholesterol _____mg/dl
Triglycerides _____mg/dl
< 200
< 130
> 35
< 200
Most formulations of fat replaces are _____ & _____ based.
protein and carbohydrate
______ is a fat substitute made from egg white and milk protein.
Simplesse

Trailblazer is another protein based protein based fat substitute similiar to simplesse
_______ is a synthetic fat resembles conventional dietary fats and can be substituted in many foods.
olestro