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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Carbohydrates furnish ___% of the calories for many African and Asian nations.

a. 70
b. 80
c. 90
d. 95
c. 90
The most significant monosaccharides are ___, ____, and _____.
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
The only fuel for the brain
is ____.

a. fructose
b. sucrose
c. glucose
d. galactose
c. glucose
Glucose is AKA ____.
dextrose
Fructose is AKA ____.
levulose
Fructose is naturally found in ______ and is the sweetest of the monosaccharides.
Levulose
_____ is produced from lactose.
Galactose
Galactose can be found in

a. legumes
b. leafy greens
c. cheese & dairy
d. Fruits
a. legumes
Another word for sugar alcohol is _____.
Polyols
True or False

Sugar alcohols are cariogenic.
False- sugar alcohols have been found to contribute to remineralization
True or False

Ingested pentoses are not absorbed by eliminated in the urine and feces.
True
Glucose + Fructose = ?
Sucrose
Lactose = _____ + _____.
Glucose the Galactose
Maltose = ______ + ______.
Glucose + Glucose
Which of the following is a disaccharide?

a. fructose
b. lactose
c. galactose
d. glucose
b. lactose
The most complex carbohydrates in the diet are:

a. glucose polymers
b. glycogen
c. starch
d. cellulose
c. starch
Glycogen is stored in the:

a. muscle
b. pancrease
c. liver
d. A & C
d. Muscle & Liver
A functional fiber is AKA ______.
Insoluble Fiber
The most plentiful insoluble fiber found in plants is _____.
Cellulose
True or False

A soluble fiber is stringy rather than gummy.
False - it is gummy rather than stringy
Total Fiber = _____ + _____.
Dietary + Functional
Utilization of carbohydrates requires an adequate supply of B vitamins and two minerals: ____ & _____.

a. Riboflavin and Thiamin
b. Iodine and Potassium
c. Phosphorus and Magnesium
d. Sulfur and Cesium
c. Phosphorus and Magnesium
The caloric intake of carbohydrates should consist of:

a. 130 g/day
b. 155 g/day
c. 200 g day
d. 312 g/day
a. 130 g/day
List some good sources of carbohydrates.
milk, grain, fruits, and veggies
What is the blood sugar for hyperglycemia?
120 g/dl
What is the blood sugar for hypoglycemia?
70 mg/dl
When complex carbohydrates are eliminated from the diet, this may result in an insufficient intake of all BUT the following:

a. Riboflavin
b. Iron
c. B vitamins
d. Fiber
a. Riboflavin
In terms of cariogenicity, which is more detrimental: form or frequency?
Frequency
Which sweetner is not recommended because it can cross the placenta?

a. Aspartame
b. Sucralose
c. Saccharine
d. Neotame
c. Saccharine
Which of the following sweeteners should be avoided by individuals having phenylketonuria?

a. Aspartame
b. Sucralose
c. Saccharine
d. Neotame
a. aspartame
Which of the following inhibits tooth decay in rats?

a. Aspartame
b. Sucralose
c. Saccharine
d. Neotame
c. Saccharine
Which of the following sweeteners are anticariogenic because oral backteria lack the enzyme to ferment it?

a. Aspartame
b. Sucralose
c. Saccharine
d. None of the above
d. None of the above - the correct answer is xylitol
Which of the following does not support the growth of s.mutans, acid production, or plaque?

a. Aspartame
b. Sucralose
c. Saccharine
d. Neotame
a. Aspartame