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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
which of the following is/are major contributors to preventable deaths in US?
a. lack of physical activity
b. poor diet
c. tovacco use
d. all of the above
all of the above
which of the following is most common cause of death for men in the us
a. accidents
b. heart disease
c. liver disese
d. stroke
heart disease
which of the following types of scientific study is considered to provide the highest level of evidence supporting preventive interventions
a. case control study
b. cross sectional survey
c. ecologic survery
d. randomized controlled clinical trial
according to current guidelines, children are considered at risk for overweight if their BMI fall between
a. the 65th and 80th percentile
b. the 80th to 85th precentile
c. the 85th to 95th percentile
d. the 95th to 100th percentile
85th to 95th percentile
what will be the BMI for a patient who is 1.85m tall and weighs 100.9kg
which of the following carbohydrates is preferentailly utilized for lipid biosynthesis in the liver and promotes hepatic synthesis and secretion of triglyceride-rich VLDL
a. fructose
b. galactose
v. glucose
d. starch
during the last 30 years, which of the following aspects of diet has decreased
a. consumption of milk
b. consumtion of snakes
c. energy density foods
d. portion size
consumption of milk
the most effective weight-loss programs incorporate which of the following
a. behavioral modification
b. dietary changes
c. exercise
d. all of the above
all of the above
according to the current dietary guidelines for americans, which of the following is the minimum daily amount time that adults should spend engaging in (moderate-intensity) physical activity
a. 15 min
b. 30 min
c. 60 min
d. 90 min
30 min
according to the current national cholesterol education project recommendations, americans should consume more of which of the following in order to decrease serum total cholesterol
a. alcoholic beverages
b. low-fat dairy products
c. plant stanols and sterols
d. trans fatty acids
plant stanols and sterols
according to the current national cholesterol education project recommendations, the optimal blood level for LDL-cholesterol is
a. < 50
b. <100
c. <150
d. <200
which of the following is/are characteristics of the DASH (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) diet currently recommended for lowering high blood pressure
a. a high content of fruits and vegetables
b. a high content of dairy products
c. a low content of saturated fat
d. all of the above
all of the above
which of the following types of dietary fat has the greatest effect on serum total-cholesterol level?
a. cholesterol
b. monounsaturated fat
c. polyunsaturated fat
d. saturated fat
saturated fat
which of the follwing is NOT currently considered a risk factor mediating a person's risk for developing obesity?
a. breast feeding during infancy
b. gestational diabetes
c. high birth weight
d. low birth weight
breast feeding during infancy
which of the following is a major dietary source of trans-fatty acids
a. baked goods
b. fatty fish
c. milk and other dairy products
d. soy products
baked goods
which of the following is a phytochemical with anti-cncer activity that is found in high concentration in green tea
a. daidzein
c. quercetin
d. sulforaphane
which of the following is the most common cause of cancer deaths amoung both men and women in the US
a. colon cancer
b. lung cancer
c. pancreatic cancer
d. stomach cancer
lung cancer
which of the following phytochemicals possesses estrogen-like activity and is formed from a precursor found in soy foods by intestinal bacteria
a. S-allyl cysteine
b. B-carotene
c. epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG)
d. genistein
the most common source of exposure to carcinogens in the diet is
a. chemical preservatives
b. methods used to prepare foods
c. naturally occuring compounds
d. pesticide residues
methods used to prepare foods
which of the following is the daily dietary amount of calcium currently recommended for optimal bone health for adult men and women
a. 200 mg/day
b. 500 mg/day
c. 1000 mg/day
d. 5000 mg/day
1000 mg/day
consumption of a diet with a high content of which of the following increases urinary losses of calcium
a. boron
b. potassium
c. silicon
d. sodium
which of the following vitamins may promote bone health thorugh its ability to facillitate posttranslational modification of osteocalcin and other bone Gla proteins
a. Vit A
b. Vit C
c. Vit D
d. Vit K
Vit K
Which of the following is routinely used to assess bone mineral density
a. BMI
b. duel energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)
c. urinary calcium excretion
d. waist circumference
which of the following is a known adverse effect of high-dose calcium supplementation (1000mg/day) that limits compliance amoung patients
a. acid reflux
b. constipation
c. facial flushing
d. tiredness
according to current guidelines, how much weight should a women with normal pre-pregnancy BMI gain for optimal pregnancy outcomes
a. 10 to 15 pounds
b. 25 to 35 pounds
c. 40 to 50 pounds
d. 55 to 70 pounds
25 to 35 pounds
which of the following is the most common nutritional cause of anemia during pregnancy
a. folic acid deficiency
b. iron deficency
c. vitamin B6 deficiency
d. Vitamin B12 deficiency
iron deficency
according to current recommendations, how much folic acid should a women consume for optiomal protection from having a pregnancy affected with neural tube birth defect such as spina bifida
a. 50 mcg/day
b. 400 mcg/day
c. 600 mcg/day
d. 1000 mcg/day
400 mcg/day
which of the following is commonly seen in infants affected with fetal alcohol syndrome
a. DM
b. mental retardation
c. obesity
d. Vit A toxicity
mental retardation
which of the following is used as a fat substitute in snack foods
a. aspartame
b. erucin
c. olestra
d. safrole
results from the age-related eye disease study indicate that supplementation with which of the following is effective in preventing blindness due to age-related macular degeneration in older individuals
a. antioxidant nutrient
b. folic acid
c. omega-3 fatty acids
d. phytoestrogens
antioxidant nutrients
equation for BMI
BMI = kg/m2
what is the waist circumference for both men and women tak put them at risk for diabetes
women >35
men > 40
weight loss therapy is reccomended for which of the following individuals
a. BMI >30
b. BMI = 25.0-29.9 and two or more risk factors
c. high-risk waist circumference and two or more risk factors
d. all of the above
all of the above
what is the initial weight loss target
10% of baseline body weight lost over a period of 6 months