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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a protein that helps regulate metabolism and appetite
waist circumference
waistline measurement in inches
BMI greater than or equal to 25
A BMI greater than or equal to 30
Pharmacotherapy is the practice of treating diseases with medication.
Macrominerals, dietary minerals needed in large quantities
Osmolarity is a measure of the osmoles of solute per litre of solution, while the osmolality is a measure of the osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent. the measure of particles in solution: EX. preseed as millios-moles per kilogram
a formula that has approximately the same osmolality as blood about 300 mOsm/kg
a formula with an osmolality greater than blood, >300 mOmsa/kg
central TPN
the infusion into a centeral vein of a nutritional solutions that meets nutrients needs
bacteria translocation
the movement of intestinal bacteria from the gut into lymph nodes and the bloodstream
stress response
a complex series of hormonal and metabolic changes that occur to enable the body to adapt to stressors
refers to elevated metabolism in other words the sum total of all body processes increases
acidic compounds formed from the breakdown of fat when breakdown of fat and glucose is unavailable
resting energy expenditure (REE)
the calories expending maintaining basic, involuntary activites needed to sustain life such as beating the heart inflating the lungs and secrecting enzmes . commonly used interchangeably with basal energy expenditure (BEE) except that REE is measured after 12 hours.
Glutamine (Gln, Q) is one of the 20 amino acids encoded by the standard genetic code. Its side chain is an amide; it is formed by replacing a side-chain hydroxyl of glutamic acid with an amine functional group.
Hypermetabolic refers to the physiological state of having a greatly increased rate of metabolic activity. The impact of the hypermetabolic state on patient nutritional requirements is often understated or overlooked. Hypermetabolism typically occurs after significant insult to the body. In hospitals and institutions, the most common causes are infections, sepsis, burns, multiple trauma, fever, long-bone fractures, hyperthyroidism, prolonged steroid therapy, surgery and bone marrow transplants.

During the acute phase, the liver redirects protein synthesis, up-regulating certain proteins and down-regulating others. Measuring the serum level of proteins that are up- and down-regulated during the acute phase can reveal extremely important information about the patient's nutritional state. The most important up-regulated protein is C-reactive protein, which can rapidly increase 20- to 1,000-fold during the acute phase.
Sepsis is a serious medical condition characterized by a whole-body inflammatory state caused by infection.
Motility is a biological term which refers to the ability to move spontaneously and independently. It can apply to either single-celled or multicellular organisms
extensive burns
are the most serve form of stress and dramatically increase the need for calories, protein and fluid
altered ability to swallow
fatty diarrhea that produces loose doamy and foul smelling stools.
inflammation of the gastric mucosa
lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach
peptic ulcers
erosion of the musosal layer of the stomach (gastric ulcer) or (duodenal ulcer) cause by an excess secretion of, or decreased musosal resistance to hydrochloric acid.
altered ability to swallow
inflammation of the gastric mucosa
lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach