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26 Cards in this Set

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Minerals are...
inorganic elements that originate from rocks within the earth's crust.
Minerals exist in a form that is _______ charged, therefore can not gain or lose electrons.
electronically
True or False: Minerals break down during metabolism.
False!
True or False: Minerals contain a source of energy for the body.
False!
Which minerals are involved with providing structure?
Calcium, Phosphorus, and fluoride.
Fluid-Balance is a function of ____ & _______.
Sodium, Potassium.
Acid-Base Balance
Mineral: Phosphorus
Role: Assisting in pH balance of blood and urine
*Fluid-Balance
Mineral(s): Sodium, Potassium
Role: Maintenance of fluid and plasma volume.
Structure
Mineral(s): Calcium, Phosphorus, fluoride
Role: Components of bones and teeth.
Nerve Cell Transmission
Mineral(s): Sodium, Potassium
Role: Active Transport of substances across cell membranes
Mineral(s): Magnesium, Calcium
Role: Neuromuscular activity
Muscle Contraction
Mineral(s): Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium.
Role: Muscle contraction & relaxation, including the heart.
Cofactor for enzymes and hormone activity
Mineral: Iodine
Role: Thyroid hormones

Mineral(s): Zinc, Selenium, Copper.
Role: Enzyme Cofactor
Mineral bioavailability is...
the absorbability of the mineral and is affected by the state of the mineral when it's in the intestine before absorption.
The are how many essential minerals in the diet?
16!
Essential Minerals are classified as:
1). Major minerals (inc., electrolytes) - amounts of 5gm or more; requiring an intake of at least 100 mg/day.

2). Trace Minerals-
amounts less than 5gm; recommended intakes of under 100 mg daily.
Major Minerals
Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Sulfur, Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride.
Acid-Base Balance
Mineral: Phosphorus
Role: Assisting in pH balance of blood and urine
*Fluid-Balance
Mineral(s): Sodium, Potassium
Role: Maintenance of fluid and plasma volume.
Structure
Mineral(s): Calcium, Phosphorus, fluoride
Role: Components of bones and teeth.
Nerve Cell Transmission
Mineral(s): Sodium, Potassium
Role: Active Transport of substances across cell membranes
Mineral(s): Magnesium, Calcium
Role: Neuromuscular activity
Muscle Contraction
Mineral(s): Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium.
Role: Muscle contraction & relaxation, including the heart.
Cofactor for enzymes and hormone activity
Mineral: Iodine
Role: Thyroid hormones

Mineral(s): Zinc, Selenium, Copper.
Role: Enzyme Cofactor
Mineral bioavailability is...
the absorbability of the mineral and is affected by the state of the mineral when it's in the intestine before absorption.
The are how many essential minerals in the diet?
16!
Essential Minerals are classified as:
1). Major minerals (inc., electrolytes) - amounts of 5gm or more; requiring an intake of at least 100 mg/day.

2). Trace Minerals-
amounts less than 5gm; recommended intakes of under 100 mg daily.
Major Minerals
Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Sulfur, Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride.