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53 Cards in this Set

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What % of daily calories should come from CHO?
55-66%
What % of daily calories should come from protein?
10-20%
What % of daily calories should come from fat?
less than 30%
Beta Bond
linkage that is found in fiber that we cannot digest
1 gram alcohol provides how many calories?
7 calories
1 gram fat provides how many calories?
9 calories
1 gram protein provides how many calories?
4 calories
1 gram CHO provides how many calories?
4 calories
Americans eat ________ protein
TOO MUCH!!
Complementary Protein
What is missing in one food is found in the other
Another name for Simple Sugar
monodisaccharides
Where do we find fiber?
plant foods
Name of CHO stored in body?
Glycogen
Term that means beans, lentils and peas
Legumes
What happens to extra protein?
It becomes fat
Hormone that lowers blood glucose
insulin
Where protein digest first
stomach
Amino Acids
building blocks of protein
Privo Conservation
under 1000 calories - lower metabolism
Luxus Controversy
metabolism speeds up to burn off excess calories for a short period of time
monosaccharides
glucose (blood sugar)
fructose (fruit sugar)
galactose
Disaccharides
Sucrose (table sugar)
Maltose (found in starch)
Lactose (milk sugar)
"Blood Sugar"
Glucose
"Fruit Sugar"
Fructose
Dextrose
Glucose
Table Sugar
Sucrose
Made up of glucose + fructose
"milk sugar"
lactose
Starch
storage of CHO in plants
Cellulose
Fiber - storage of CHO in humans (undigested, found in plants)
Glucagon
increases blood sugar
Insulin
lowers blood sugar
Polysaccharides
Glycogen-CHO in humans
Starch- stored in plants
Cellulose- fiber
Glycogen
storage form of CHO in humans
Refined
refers to process by which the course part of food products are removed.
Hypothalmus
part of the brain that tells you that you are full, thirsty, hungry
Enzymes



include:
Enzymes are catalysts


disaccharides are enzymes
Digestion happens in the :
duodenum
Absorption happens in the :
Jejunum
Hypoglycemia
Diabetes

Juvenile (Type I)
Adult Onset (Type II)


Blood glucose below normal
Epinephrine
Adrenaline (increased blood glucose)
Nutra Sweet
Phenyl Alaninet
Aspartic Acid
contains sorbatol laxative
Peptide Bond
Amino acids hooked together by a bond.

A bond that connects one amino acid with another ,forming a link in a protein chain
Transferrin
transport protein that carries iron in our bodies
Non Essential Amino Acids
Can be made in the body from CHO and or parts of a fat molecule
8-9 Essential Amino Acids
cannot be made in the body, therefore must be obtained from food
Limiting Amino Acids
Found in a low concentration in certain food products
Collagen
fiberous protein that gives support to skin and blood vessels
Neurotransmitters
Amino acids that carry messages to the body
Proteins
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen and arranged as strands of amino acids.
Antibodies
large proteins of the blood, produced by the immune system in response to an invasion of the body by foreign substances (antigens).
Edema
swelling of body tissue caused by leakage of fluid from the blood vessels, seen in protein deficiency.
Marasmus
the calorie deficient disease- starvation
Kwashiorkor
a disease related to protein malnutrition, with a set of recognizable symptoms, such as edema