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15 Cards in this Set

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Balance
Intake = Output

If intake is greater than output you gain weight and if the output is greater then the input you lose weight
How is energy measurement done?
By the Science of calmemitry. Energy of food is measured by a Oxygen Bomb Calmemeter
Kcal
The amount of energy required to rasie 1 cc of water or 1 milliliter of water 1 degree C.
Body uses of energy
Basal metabolism
physcial activity
thermic effect of food
Basal Metabolism
Minimum amount of energy at fasting to keep a resting awake body alive in a warm and quiet environment (60-70% of the total energy is used to to maintain the basal level
Physcial Activity
Will increase the energy expendature beyond the basal levels (requires 25-40% of total body energy
Thermic Effect of food
The erngy that is required to digest, absorb, and process nutrients (requires 5-10% of the total energy)
Hunger
Controlled by internal body mechanisms
Appetite
Psychological drive to eat
How is BMI calculated?
BMI

wt (kg) / height (squared) (m)=

wt(lbs.)x703.1 / ht.(inch.) (squared)
BMI Chart
> 19 is underweight
19 - 24.9 Healthy
25 - 29.9 Obese
30 - 39.9 Severely obese
< 40 morbidly obese
Problems with excess fat
Heart disease, type II diabetes, hypertension, bone and joint diseases,
gallstone, skin dosorders, various cancers, shorter stature, preg. complications, irreg. mentral cycles, reduced physical agility, vision problems, and premature death
Factors that influence fat
Age, menopause, gender, insulin resistance, positive energy balance, resting metabolic rate, sympathetic nerve system, thermic effect of food, use of fat for energy, total fat mass, fat uptake by adipose, undetermined genetic characteristics, race, medications, childbearing, and national region
Dire Diet Comments
1.SMALL WEIGHT GAINS OVER TIME GO UNNOTICED
2. LITTLE EMPHASIS HAS BEEN PLACED ON WEIGHT MANAGEMENT OR ON THE PREVENTION OF WEIGHT GAIN
3. WE ARE A POPULATION WITH UNREALISTIC EXPECTATIONS
4. LITTLE EMPHASIS IS PUT ON OBESITY PREVENTION AND INS. COMPANIES HAVE LIMITED RE-REIMBURSEMENT FOR WEIGHT-LOSS COUNSELING
5. HEALTHY LIFESTYLES ARE DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN IN OUR BUSY LIVES
Sound Weight Loss Program
1. Nutritional needs are meet
2. Needs regular physical activity
3. Choose low or non-fat food, include lot of fruits and veggies