Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/24

Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Diseases of the heart and blood vessels are called ___.
cardiovascular diseases
___ are the leading causes of death in the U.S. and around the world.
cardiovascular diseases
Most cardiovascular diseases involve both ___ and ___.
atherosclerosis, hypertension
The form of CVD characterized by the buildup of plaques along the inner walls of the arteries, which narrow the lumen of the artery and restrict bloodflow to the tissue supplied by the artery is called?
atherosclerosis
The obstruction of a blood vessel by an embolus, or traveling clot, causing sudden tissue death is called?
embolism
The formation of a blood clot is called?
thrombosis
A ballooning out of a portion of a blood vessel (usually an artery) due to weakness of the vessel's wall is called?
aneurysm
Mounds of lipid material (mostly cholesterol) with some macrophages (a type of white blood cell) covered with fibrous connective tissue and embedded in artery walls are called? With time, they may enlarge and harden as the fibrous coat thickens and calcium is deposited in them.
plaques
The plaques of atherosclerosis may obstruct blood flow through any blood vessel, the ___ arteries are most often affected.
coronary arteries
Higher-than-normal blood pressure is called?
hypertension
FACT: Compared to the typical American diet, the DASH diet provides more fruits, vegetables, and grains and less meat, poultry, fish, fat, and salt.
FACT
The DASH diet derives much of its energy from foods rich in ___.
complex carbohydrates
Moderate consumption of alcohol (no more than two drinks a day) may reduce the risk of CHD by raising doing what 2 things?
1. raising HDL cholesterol
3. preventing clot formation
Sudden tissue death caused by blockages of vessels that feed the heart muscle is called?
heart attack
A myocardial infarction is also known as a ___.
heart attack
FACT: After a heart attack, medical nutrition therapy aims to reduce the work of the heart and therefore restricts total energy, the amount of food or drink at each feeding, sodium, caffeine.
FACT
A syndrome in which the heart can no longer adequately pump blood through the circulatory systems is called?
chronic heart failure
Weight loss, edema, and PEM is a frequent consequence of ___ in the later stages of the disease.
chronic heart failure
An event in which the blood flow to a part of the brain is cut off is called?
stroke
The inflammatory responses to stress increase the permeability of the lungs' alveoli, fluids accumulate in the lungs' interstitial spaces, and ___ may develop.
pulmonary edema
Failure of the lungs to exchange gases is called?
respiratory failure
___ is one of several disorders,including emphysema and bronchitis, that interfere with respiration.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
___ and ___ are the two major types of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.
emphysema, bronchitis
The main treatment for COPD is ___.
to stop smoking