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40 Cards in this Set

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A group of metabolic disorders of glucose regulation and utilizatioh is called?
diabetes mellitus
___ diabetes is the less common type of diabetes in which the person produces no insulin at all.
type I diabetes
The symptoms of diabetes include increased ___, ___, ___; unexplained ___,; ___; and ___.
urination, hunger, thirst, wt.loss, fatigue,irritability
___ diabetes is the more common diabetes that develops gradually and is associated with insulin resistance.
type 2
___ diabetes is associate with obesity, especially abdominal fat, physical inactivity, and aging.
type II
The condition in which the cells fail to respond to insulin as they do in health people is called?
insulin resistance
___ is the point at which a blood constituent that is normally reabsorbed by the kidneys reaches a level so high the kidneys cannot absorb it.
renal threshold
A minor illness such as a cold or flu can cause blood glucose to ___ (decrease/increase) dramatically.
increase
___ is the early morning hyperglycemia that develops in response to elevated levels of counterregulatory hormones that act to raise blood glucose after an overnight fast. Without adequate insulin, the glucose cannot enter the cells and remains in the blood.
dawn phenomenon
Hyperglycemia resulting from excessive secretion of counterregulatory hormones in response to excessive insulin and consequent low blood glucose levels is called?
rebound hyperglycemia
___ resistance accompanies stress and infection.
insulin
___ is excessive thirst.
polydipsia
___ is excessive eating.
polyphagia
___ is excessive urine production.
polyuria
___ is a disorder of the nerves.
neuropathy
___ is excessive eating.
polyphagia
___ is a disorder of the retina.
retinopathy
In ___ diabetes, cells break down protein and fat for energy which results in ___ being produced for energy. This results in ___.
type I, ketones, acidosis
The coma that occurs in uncontrolled type II diabetes precipitated by the presence of hypertonic blood and dehydration is called?
hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma
Infection is a complication of acute or chronic diabetes?
chronic
Syndrome X is associated with type ___ diabetes.
2
the combination of insulin resistance,hyperinsulinemia, obesity, hypertension, elevated LDL and triglycerides, and reduced HDL that is frequently associated with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease is called?
syndrome X
The most appropriate professional to design and implement medical nutrition therapy for diabetes is the ___.
dietitian
True or false: The total amount of carbohydrate is of greater concern in diabetes thant the type of carbohydrate.
True
Alcohol can cause ___ in any person.
hypoglycemia
Alcohol should be substituted for ___ exchanges.
fat
___ are medications taken by mouth to lower blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
oral antidiabetic medications
___ are medications taken by mouth to lower blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
oral antidiabetic agents
When people with diabetes are ill, their blood glucose levels rise or fall?
rise
People prone to ___ hypoglycemia may be advised to wake up during the night and test their blood glucose and eat a snack at bedtime.
nocturnal
___ is hypoglycemia that occurs while a person is sleeping.
nocturnal
___ sorts foods into 3 main groups, carbohydrates, fat group and meat group.
exchange lists
People with type ___ diabetes can take oral antidiabetic agents.
2
___ is the delivery of different types of insulin by injection three or more times daily.
multiple daily injections
The person with type 1 diabetes often receives ___ insulin to meet baseline needs and ___ insulin or insulin ___ to process energy nutrients after meals.
NPH (intermediate acting), regular (rapid acting), analogs
___ is a rapid-acting insulin whose amino acid composition has been modified so that it works faster and has a shorter duration of action.
insulin analog
___ reflects diabetes control over the past two to three months, rather thanjust prior to the test.
glycated hemoglobin
Vigorous physical activity increases or decreases the rate of insulin absorption?
increases
The extra glucose that has "overfed" a fetus will result in production of extra insulin which may lead to ___.
hypoglycemia
Pregnancy in all women increases or decreases blood insulin and alters insulin resistance.
elevates