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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Milk production requires ____ kcal/day
700-800
Lactating women should consume an extra ____ kcal/day above their own needs.
500
Breastfeeding women gradually lose weight at ___ pounds/month.
1-4
benefits of breastfeeding
1) high quality nutrition
2) protection from allergies and infections
3) assisting mother in weight loss
4) suppressing ovulation
5) opportunity for boding
6) convenient, cost efficient
obstacles to breastfeeding
1) harmful substances passed into breast milk
2) HIV passed through breast milk
3) conflicts with mother's employment
reasons infants nutritional needs are important
1) energy needs are high to support rapid growth
2) digestive tracts and kidneys are developing
Infants need ____ kcal/lb.of body weight/day
50
Infants need atleast ___% of cal. from fat
40%
Infants need no more than __% of calories from protein
20
Infants need ___ ounces of fluid per poiund of body weight.
2
things infants shouldn't eat
1) honey or corn syrup
2) goat's milk
3) cow's milk
4) large quantities of fruit juice
5) too much salt or sugar
6) too much breast milk or formula
6 nutrition related concerns for infants
1) allergies
2) dehydration
3) colic
4) anemia
5) nursing bottle syndrom
6) lead poisoning
years of toddler
1-3 years
When does rapid growth rate of infancy begin to slow?
toddler
A toddler gains ___ in, and ___ pounds.
5.5-7.5in.
9-11 lbs.
% of total kcal from fat for toddlers
30-40%
grams of protein/kg body weight for toddlers
1.1
grams carbs./day for toddlers
130
grams fiber/day per 1000kcal/day diet for toddlers
14
micronutrients for toddlers
Vit. A,C,E
calcium
iron
zinc
most common nutrient deficiency in young children
iron deficiency anemia
fluid needs of toddlers
1.3 liters/day
Should you force food on a child?
no
Should you use bribery to encourage children to eat?
no
When dealing with a toddler should you continue to watch for food allergies?
yes, introduce 1 new food item at a time
Can a vegetarian diet be healthy for toddlers?
If it includes eggs and dairy
At age 4-5years growth rate of child continues to slow gainin ___ in, and ___ pounds/year.
3-4in, 5-6lbs.
At what age should total fat intake gradually drop to a level closer to adult fat intake?
4-5 years
% of total energy from fat for children aged 4-5years.
23-35%
___grams protein/ kg body weight for children age 4-5 years
.95grams
___ grams carbs./day for children age 4-5years
130
___ grams fiber/1000 kcal for children age 4-5years
14grams
overweight children include a BMI in the ___ percentile
85th
obesity of children include a BMI in the __ percentile
95th
For children age 6-13 years, the growth is slow and steady at ___ in./ year
2-3in.
When do children begin to make their own food choices?
age 6-13years
% of total energy from fat age 6-13 years
25-35%
__ grams protein per kg body weight age 6-13 years
.95grams
___ grams carbs. for 6-13 years
130
% of kcal from carbs. for 6-13 years
45-69%
___grams fiber per 1000kcal per day for age 6-13
14
School lunches must meet ___ guidelines
USDA
body image and appearance become more importantto children as _____ approaches
puberty
When do growth spurts begin for girls and bodys?
girls-10-11
boys-12-13
an average of ___% increase in height is expected for age 14-18.
20-25%
Vitamin A is critical for supporing rapid growth and development at what age group?
14-18
Eating disorders can begin at what age?
14-18
primary concerns of young and middle aged
1) maintenance of health
2) balanced diet
3) staying active
4) reducing risk of chronic disease
___ adults are especially susceptible to dehydration
older
Micronutrients for oler adults (age 65+)
calcium
Vit. D
iron
zinc
b complex vitamins
changes in body of older adults (65+)
-decreased muscle and lean tissue
-increased fat mass
-decreased bone density
-decrease immune fuction
-impaired absorption of nutrients
Many chronic diseases are more prevelant in _____ adults.
overweight or obese
foods that dental health issues may cause older adults to avoid
meats
firm fruits
vegetables