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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Water functions
resist temp. change
cooling
PH balance
body fluids
Water balance
fluid excretion
thirst
reabsorption in GI tract
Potassium function
muscle contraction
nerve impulse

+sodium= fluid balance
Chloride
ANION
fluid balance

hypochloremia
hyperchloremia
Sodium
CATION
fliud balance, blood pressure, nerve transmisstion
muscle function

hyponatremia
hyoernatremia
Calcium functions
Bone strength

+vit. D
Calcium
D
T
hypocalcemia
vit. D deficiency

hypercalcemia
Phosphorus function
component of ATP, DNA, RNA, and phospholipids
Phosphorus
D
T
hyphophosphatemia
hyperphosphatemia

2 much P + 2 little Ca. = bone loss
Magnesium functions
DNA, protein synthesis
production of ATP
Magnesium
D
T
hypomagnesemia

hypermagnesmia
Sulfur functions
oxygen transport
balance
drug detox.
used w. biotin and thiamine
not used alone
Iron function
enzyme cofactor
oxygen trans.
immune
Iron
D
T
D- iron-deficiency anemia: most common deficiency

T- iron overload
Zinc Function
component of every living cell
enzyme structure and function
Zinc toxicity
Cu deficiency
dermatitis enteropathia
malabsorption disorders

Fe+Zn+Cu
activates V. A
Selenium functions
antioxidant enzyme
thyrid metabolism w/iodine
immune function
Selenium
D
T
infection

brittle hair and nails
Iodine functions
thyroid hormone production
control body temp.
set BMR
Iodine
D
T
goiter
cretinism

same
Copper functions
antioxidant
melanin, collegen, elastin

+iron
Copper
D
T
D- Menke's syndrom

T- Wilsons' Disease
Manganese function
cartilate production
Manganese
D
T
nontrauma epilepsy

industrial exposure
Flouride
bone and tooth structure
Flouride
D
T
dental carries
weaker bones

flourosis
Chromium functions
glucose metabolism
Chromium
D
low insulin