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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
6 Classes of Nutrients
CHO, lipids, water, minerals, vitamins, protein
Ultimate source of energy contained in chemical bonds of nutrients
Solar energy
Nutrient Density
Nutrients/kcal
Name the inorganic nutrients
Minerals and water
Function of both vitamins and minerals
regulate metabolic processes
Malnutrition
Nutrient and Energy excess and deficiency
basic structural and functional unit of organisms
cells
laboratory studies
provide cause and effect
epidemiologic studies
measure of a pop. over a period of time
protein with catalytic properties
enzyme
daily values
standards for nutrient intake on food labels
chemical messenger
hormone
biological catalyst
enzyme
amphipathic lipds, form cell membrane
phospholipids
organelle that converts energy from macronutrients to ATP
mitochondria
segments of dna code for protein
genes
body lining tissue
epithelium
major systems that control homeostasis
endocrine/nervous system
prevents stomach contents from entering esophagus
esophageal sphincter
movement of solutes or molecules down a concentration gradient
diffusion
pancreatic juices contain
bicarbonate and enzymes
accessory organ that synthesizes bile
liver
sequential contration of muscles that moves food along the GI tract
peristalsis
primary organ of digestion and absorption
small intestine
lymphatic capillary
lacteal
movement of molecules across a membrane by a protein carrier, uses energy
active transport
denatures protein in stomach
HCL
increases surface area in small intestine
villi
neutralizes acid in the duodenum
bicarbonate
neutralizes acid in the duodenum
bicarbonate
accessory organ in digestion (3)
gall bladder, pancreas, liver
carrier-mediated transport of molecules across a cell membrane no energy required
facilated diffusion
filters blood of waste products and some excess nutrients
kidneys
transports water soluble digesive products to the liver
portal vein
transports water soluble digestive products after absorption
lymphatic vessels
product of mechanical digestion int he stomach
chyme
reabsorbs water and minerals
large intestine
release bile into the small intestine
gall bladder
circulation of bile between the small intestine and the liver
enterohepatic
releases stomach contenets into small intestine
piloric sphincter