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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
which class of nutrients provides energy to the body?
- carbs
- vitamins
- minerals
- water
which of the following are examples of car-rich foods?
- butter and corn oil
- beef and pork
- wheat and lentils
- bacon and eggs
wheat and lentils
which of the following nutrients is most energy dense?
- carbs
- lipids
- protein
- vitamins
The_______represents the average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrient requirements of 97% to 98% of healthy individuals
- UL
- AI
Jack is a college athlete who requires 2800 kilocalories a day to support his total energy needs. Even though Jack likes many different foods and makes it a point to try new things, he only consumes approx 1600 calories a day. Which one of the characteristics of a healthy diet is Jack missing?
- adequacy
- balance
- moderation
- variety
Which of the following foods has the greatest nutrient density?
- 2 cups of strawberry lifesavers (200 kcal)
- 1 cup of strawberry lifesavers (100 kcal)
- 8 fluid ounces of strawberry soda (100 kcal)
- 1 cup fresh strawberries (100 kcal)
fresh strawberries
appetite is defined as:
- a basic physiological sensation
- a drive that prompts us to find food and eat
- an inborn need for certain foods
- a psychological desire to consume food
a psychological desire to consume food
____ is a condition in which individuals are unable to obtain sufficient energy to meet their physical needs every day
- food security
- food insecurity
- food shortage
- food aid
food insecurity
which of the following is protein-energy malnutrition with characteristic edema (swelling) present?
- kwashiorkor
- marasmus
- diabetes
- rickets
people who are undernourished have a higher incidence of infections than those who are adequately nourished
- true or false
what is the term that describes the process in which nutrients pass through the wall of the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream?
- digestion
- absorption
- elimination
- segmentation
chemical digestion of which nutrient begins in the mouth?
- alcohol
- carbs
- fat
- protein
which best explains why carbohydrate digestion ceases when food reaches the stomach?
- carb is completely digested in mouth
- salivary enzymes cannot function in the acid environment of the stomach
- carbohydrate is completely absorbed in the esophagus
- intestinal bacteria are needed for carb digestion
salivary enzymes cannot function in the acid environment of the stomach
a primary function of the mucus in the stomach is to:
- neutralize acid
- activate pepsinogen to form pepsin
- protect stomach cells from autodigestion
- emulsify fats
protect stomach cells from autodigestion
the first section of the small intestine is called the:
- bile duct
- duodenum
- jejunum
- ileum
responding to the presence of protein and fat in our meal, cholecystokinin (CCK) signals the gallbladder release a substance called:
- lipase
- pepsin
- chyme
- bile
which of the following organs is responsible for the manufacturing and secretion of many digestive enzymes and bicarbonate?
- liver
- stomach
- pancreas
- gallbladder
which large vessel transports absorbed nutrients to the liver?
- portal vein
- pulmonary vein
- aorta
- subclavian vein
portal vein
which of the following would be an appropriate treatment approach for someone suffering from GERD?
- surgical removal of the gallbladder
- omission of all lactose foods
- antibiotic therapy
- lose weight and quit smoking
lose weight and quit smoking
what are probiotics?
- specialty foods in which nutrients have been added
- antibiotics that are specific to bacteria while protecting healthful bacteria
- live microorganisms naturally found in or supplemented to food products
- foods known to have disease-fighting effects
live microorganisms found naturally in food or supplemented to food products
- gall bladder
- small intestines
- esophagus
- pancreas
- stomach

A. secretes digestive enzymes and bicarbonate into duodenum
B. tube connecting mouth and stomach
C. most digestion and absorption occurs here
D. muscular organ that secretes hydrochloric acid
E. stores bile
gallbladder: E
small intestines: C
esophagus: B
pancreas: A
stomach: D
which of the following temperature ranges provides optimal growth for the majority of food-borne microbes?
- 32-39
- 20-31
- 80-100
- 150-175
washing hands is the easiest and most effective way to prevent food-borne illnesses. another important measure is to avoid cross contamination by:
- keeping foods separated from each other during preparation
- chilling food to prevent microbes from growing
- cooking foods to their proper temperature
- buying foods on separate days
keeping foods separated from each other during preparation
which of the following is a disaccharide?
- sucrose
- fructose
- galactose
- glucose
when fructose and glucose bound together, they form:
- sucrose
- maltose
- lactose
- fructose
in the body, the major storage sites for glycogen are the:
- muscles and liver
- kidney and muscles
- liver and kidney
- liver and pancreas
muscles and liver
which of the following is NOT a good sources of fiber?
- pork ribs
- beans
- apples
- carrots
pork ribs
the primary function of liver glycogen is
- to provide amino acids to the muscles
- to maintain blood glucose
- to provide energy for digestion
- the storage of fat
to maintain blood glucose
- salivary amylase
- pepsin
- proteases
- pancreatic amylase
- pancreatic lipase
- sucrase

A. protein
B. carbs
C. fats
D. dissacharide
salivary amylase: carbs
pepsin: protein
proteases: protein
pancreatic amylase: carbs
pancreatic lipase: fats
sucrase: dissacharide
gluconeogensis is:
- the synthesis of new glucose from non-carbohydrate sources
- the release of stored glycogen from the liver
- the process by which plants use sunlight to synthesize glucose
- the uptake of glucose by the body's cells
the synthesis of new glucose from non-carbohydrate sources
insulin is synthesized and released by the:
- brain
- liver
- pancreas
- gallbladder
after a meal, which hormone is responsible for moving glucose into the body's cells?
- glucagon
- estrogen
- insulin
the glycemic load is:
- the amount of carb required to reverse hypoglycemia
- the glycemic index multiplied by the saturated fatty acids
- the glycemic index multiplied by the grams of carbs
- equivalent to the glycemic index
multiplied by carbs
which food would have the lowest glycemic index?
- sucrose
- legumes
- jelly beans
- root bear
fat is the primary fuel for the brain
- true or false
without sufficient ___ the colon gets too little exercise and becomes weak
- calories
- protein
- fiber
- water
which hormone works to raise blood glucose?
- glucagon
- insulin
- estrogen
which of the following is TRUE regarding type 1 diabetes?
- its increased prevalence is linked to the rise in obesity
- therapy typically is limited to use of hypoglycemic medications
- it has been diagnosed only in individuals over the age of 20
- because individuals do not produce any insulin, treatment always involves insulin therapy
treatment always involves insulin therapy
diabetes is a condition in which the body doesn't utilize ___ properly
- vitamins
- protein
- carbs
- fat
in type 1 diabetes, the ___ may be destroyed by an autoimmune disorder
- hepatocytes of the liver
- beta cells of the pancreas
- neurotransmitters of the brain
- glomerulus cells of the kidney
beta cells of the pancreas
type 2 diabetes is most common type of diabetes
- true or false