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15 Cards in this Set

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insoluble nutrient
hold waer to increase fecal bulk and stimulate peristalsis for better eliminatin.
where does digestion of cooked starches begin
mouth
are carbohydrates used completely
yes leaving no waste for kidneys to eliminate
where are frutose and other monosaccharieds converted to glucose at
liver
can the body rid itself of excessive carbs
no it is used or stored.
what % of diet should carbs make up?
50-60%
one gram of carbs is equal to how many kilocaloris
4
formula to calculate carbs
number of cal a day / 2 for 50% then / 4 for number of kcals will give g/day
what are fats composed of
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen but have a low portion of oxygen
what does fat provide
concetrated source of energy and asists with absorption of fat solub\le vitiams. it protects and hold organs in place and insulates the body
triglycerides
composed of 1 glycerol nolecule attatched to 3 fatty acid molcule are the most common dietary and body fats
phospholipids
such as myelin and lecithin composed fo glycerol, fatty acids, and phosphorus and are structural componets of cells
cholesterol is manufactered in the
liver
animal fats
lard, butter, milk, cream , egg yolk, fat in meats, poultry , and fish
plant fats
corn, safflower, olive, cottonseed, peanut, palm and coconut oils, and avacado