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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being not merely the absences of disease
why is lifespan important to health?
it can predict what steps to take to help with healthy development
sum total of learned ways of doing, feeling, and thinking, past and present, of a social group within a given period
don't believe or disbelieve in a higher god
percent of mrobidity and mortality in US due to unhealthy lifestyles
two goals of healthy people 2010
-eliminate health disparities
-increase the quality of life and lifespan
activities that increase the level of health and well being and actualize or maximize the health potential of individuals, families, groups, communities, and the environment
health promotion
any behavior performed by a person, regardless of the perceived or actual health status, to protect, promote, or maintain health, whether or not that behavior is actually effective
health protection
targeted for a specific disease
health protection
reduction of the risk before development of disease
primary prevention
early identification of the disease, ex. screening
secondary prevention
tertiary prevention
5 phases of natural history of disease:
1. no illness (primary)
2. no symptoms (secondary)
3. symptoms
4. chronic (life)/ Rehab (tertiary)
5. Recover/die
difference in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of disease and other adverse health conditions that exist among certain groups of the population
health disparities
we can not get a disease from anyone/anything other than humans unless a mutation occurs
native immunity
you got the disease, then got the antibodies
active immunity
antibodies from someone elses blood, ex. babies born to infected mothers
homologous pooled human antibody (immune globulin)
passive immunity
vaccine usually grown on bacteria
recombinant vaccines
vaccine with severe reactions possible, can revert to pathogenic form, unstable package, ex. polio vaccine
live vaccines
vaccine that cannot replicate, minimal interference with circulating antibody, generally requires 3-5 doses, antibody titers fall overtime,
inactivated vaccines
Nola Pender's Theory
Health Promotion
health protection
give parents info. about something coming up to give them control (like a fire drill)
frequency of well visits
2 weeks
2 months
4 months
6 months
9 months
12 months
15 months
18 months
last 3 months of pregnancy and first 3 months of life
average birth weight in U.S.
7.2 lbs
growth rate of infants
1 inch/mo x first 6mos
1/2 inch/mo x 6mos
weight change in infants
doubles by 5 to 6 mos
lose up to 10% of birth weight first week
gain 1 oz./day x 6mos
then 1 lb./mo
head circumference at birth
13-14 inches
funny looking child
inevitable unfolding of events determined internally by the forces of genetics and the neuromaturational processes
maturational theorist- normative approach
on abdomen
off abdomen
follows object past midline
2-3 mos.
whole hand
4-5 mos.
drops objects
6-7 mos.
releases objects at will with dominant hand
8-9 mos.
when does the true pincer grasp occur
10-12 mos.
social smile
2 mos.
locates sound by turning head to side and looks in same direction, squeals, grasps rattle
3 mos.
drooling begins, primitive reflexes disappear, head control when pulled to sitting position, inspects and plays with hands, rolls from back to side, laughs
4 mos.
can turn over from abdomen to back, able to grasp objects voluntarily, takes object directly to mouth, plays with toes, smiles at mirror
5 mos.
sits with support, teething, chewing and biting occurs, lower central incisors, imitates sound, holds bottle
6 mos.
sits leaning forward on hands, transfers object, produces sounds, strange anxiety, plays peekaboo, baba, dada
7 mos.
sits without support, begin pincer grasp, reaches for toys out of reach, responds to "no", dislikes dressing and diaper change
8 mos.
pulls self to standing position, stands while holding on, comprehends no no
9 mos.
grasp bell by handle, develop object permanence, plays patacake, look and follow pictures in books, waves bye bye
10 mos.
cruises, walks holding hands, drops objects on purpose to be picked up, rolls ball on request, shakes head for no
11 mos.
walk with one hand held, may attempt first step alone, tries to insert pellet into bottle, can turn pages in book, says 3 to 5 words
12 mos.
persistant fisting at 3 mos. ???
possible CP
children construct their knowledge of the world and incorporate new information into existing knowledge structures or schemes by assimilation
when babbling decreases after 6 mos. it may indicate
hearing impairment
suggested proportion of nutrition for infants
50 - 60 % carbs
25-35% fats
10-15% protein
energy needs for infants
108 kcal/kg body wt. 0-6 mos.
98 kcal/kg body wt. 6-12 mos.
Hep B vaccine
3 doses
1st at birth
then 1-2 mos later
then 6 mos later
5 doses
at 2, 4, 6 mos.
then 15-18 mos.
final dose 4-6 yrs.
4 doses
2 mos
4 mos
between 6-18 mos
between 4-6 yrs
2, 4, and 6 mos.
final dose after 1 yr.
3 doses
1st by 12 weeks
2, 4, 6 mos
final dose after 1 yr
Hep A
2 doses

after 12 mos.
2 doses after 12 mos.
first 12-15 mos.
second 4-6 yrs
1 dose 12-15 mos.