Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Research that is conducted to find a solution to an immediate problem. Geared toward solving a problem or to answer a current question.
Applied Research
Research that is conducted to generate knowledge rather than to solve immediate problems. Develops theory or test theories.
Basic (pure) Research
Research that is concerned with the subjective meaning of an experience to an individual.
Qualitative Research
Research that is concerned with objectivity, tight controls over the research situation, and the ability to generalize findings
Quantitative Research
First nurse to conduct research
Florence Nightingale
Complete set of persons or objects that possess some common characteristic that is of interest to the researcher
Beliefs that are held to be true but have not necessarily been proven
A statement of the predicted relationship between two or more variables
The group of people or objects to which the researcher wishes to generalize the findings of a study
Target Population
The group of people or object that is available to the researcher for a particular study
Accessible population
A subset of the target population that is selected to represent the population
The "effect", a response or behavior that is influenced
Dependent Variable
The "cause" or the variable that is thought to influence. It is manipulated by the researcher
Independent Variable
Defines Concepts/variables of interest
Conceptual Definition
The definition of a variable that identifies how the variable will be obsered or measured
Operational Definition
Set fourth regulations regarding the protection of research subjects, developed in 1949
Nuremberg Code
In 1932 US Public Health Services initiated a study of syphillis in African American men by purposely injecting them with syphillis to study natural course of diseases from onset to death
Tuskegee Syphillis Study
Subjects were mentally retarded children deliberately injected with hepatitis in order to obtain placement at the facility
Willowbrook Study
Requires researchers to differentiate threarpeutic research from nontherapeutic research
Declaration of Helsinki
developed in 1973, and published its first set of regulations for the protection of human subjects. resulted in the creation of the Insitutional Review Boards (IRB)
Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare Regulations (DHEW)
Made regulations regarding research sponsored by the Federal Government. Identified 3 ethical principles Beneficence, respect for human dignity, justice
Belmont Report
Do good and not harm
freedom from exploitation
benefits from research
Takes into consideration the right to self-determination and vulnerable subjects
Respect for Human Dignity
Takes into consideration right to fair treatment
The identitiy of the reseearch subjects is unknown, even to the investigator
The identity of the research subjects is known only to the study investigator
Looks at whether or not changes in the dependent variable is due to the independent variable
Internal Validity
Concerned with whether or not the information can be generalized to the community outside of the study
External Validity
Selecting subjects that may produce the wanted results
selection bias
experience or pre-exposure to information that may change views which would impact findings
Changes in the subjects that occur over time which may impact the effect
Knowledge of base line data impacts the effect, the information causes the change in behavior not the independent variable
Changes in tools used to measure the dependent variable prior to and after the introduction of the effect
Instrumentation change
Changes in outcomes due to subjects dropping out of the study-makes groups unequal to compare
Subjects respond in a certain way because they know they are being studied
Hawthorne Effect
Researchers behavior influences the subjects behavior
experimenter effect
Researcher manipulates the variables, at least one experimental and one comparison group are included in the study
experimental research design
No comparsion group or random group assignment
quasiexperimental design
descriptive in nature because there is no manipuation or control of variables
Nonexperimental Research