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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ventilation
The respiratory process by which gases are moved in & out of the lungs.
Perfusion
(1) The passage of a fluid through a specific organ or an area of the body. (2) A therapeutic measure whereby a drug intended for an isolated part of the body is introduced via the bloodstream. (3) The effect of pulmonary circulation in moving blood to and from the blood-gas barrier so gas exchange can occur.
Accessory Muscles
The muscles in the thoracic that assist with respiration.
Hyperventilation
A respiration rate in excess of that required to maintain normal carbon dioxide levels in the body tissues.
Hypoventilation
The reduction in the volume of air that enters the lungs for gas exchange. Oxygen exchange in insufficient to meet metabolic demands of the body.
Atelectasis
A collapse of alveoli, preventing the normal respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Hypoxia
An inadequate cellular oxygenation that may result from a deficiency in the delivery or uses of oxygen at the cellular level.
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing that may be caused by certain heart or lung conditions or strenuous exercise.
Orthopnea
An abnormal respiratory system in which a person must sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably.
Wheezing
An adventitious lung sound caused by severely narrowed bronchus.
Hemoptysis
The coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract.
Percussion
A method of physical examination where by the location, size & density of a body part is determined by its tone obtained from the striking of short, sharp taps of the fingers.
Vibration
The physiotherapy where fine, shaking pressure is applied by hands to the chest wall during exhalation.
Postural drainage
The use of positioning along with percussion and vibration to drain secretions from specific segments of the lungs and bronchi into the trachea.
Eupnea
Normal respiration that is quiet, effortless & rhythmic.
Tachypnea
A condition characterized by a respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute.
Apnea
An absence of spontaneous respirations.
Kussmaul’s Respiration
Deep, rapid respiration characteristic of diabetic acidosis or other conditions causing acidosis.
Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase in depth and sometimes in rate to a maximum depth, followed by a decrease resulting in apnea (An absence of spontaneous respirations), usually seen in comatose individuals having diseased nervous centers of respiration.
Micturation
(Urination) The act of expelling urine voluntarily through the urethra.
Urgency
The need to void immediately.
Dysuria
The pain or burning upon urination, which may also be accompanied with difficulty in urination. The usually indicates a UTI or constructive conditions of the urethra.
Polyuria
An excretion of an abnormally large volume of urine.
Oliguria
A diminished capacity to form and pass urine.
Anuria
The cessation of urine production.
Nocturia
Urination at night which can be a symptom of renal disease or may occur or in persons who drink and excessive amount of fluids before bedtime.
Hematuria
An abnormal presence of blood in the urine.
Residual Urine
The volume of urine remaining in the bladder after a normal voiding.
Frequency
Voiding at frequent intervals.
Hesitancy
Difficulty in initiating urination.
Dribbling
Leakage of urine despite voluntary control of micturation.
Retention
Accumulation of urine in the bladder and the inability of bladder to empty completely.