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5 Cards in this Set

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Define the term Culture.
The learned, shared, and intergenerational transmission of knowledge, values, beliefs, norms, and lifeways of a particular group.
List four of the seven culture universals defined in Unit I.
The seven identified cultural universals are (1)family, (2) marriage, (3) parenting roles, (4) education, (5) concept of health, (6) work, and (7) communication.
Describe the difference between health-care beliefs and health-care practices.
Health-care beliefs refer to the mental act of putting trust or confidence in a health-related person or thing. A cultural belief is something that is accepted as true; it does not have to be proven. Health-care practices are the behaviors that a person or group habitually or customarily employs when health or illness are involved. While health-care beliefs are complex and often unconscious, healthcare practices, because they are more behoviorally oriented, lend themselves more easily to analysis.
Describe the three broad categories of health-care practices.
Functional practices are seen as beneficial to health. Although these strategies may not be consistent with traditional scientific practice, they may nonetheless facilitate optimum health. Neutral cultural health practices have no immediate positive or negative effect on the client's health status. Dysfunctional cultural practices are harmful to the individual or group.
Define the three explanatory models of health and illness.
The biomedical model is the prevalent paradigm found in Western health-care settings. It views illness as a cause-and-effect situation, considers the human bady to function much like a machine, and believes