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15 Cards in this Set

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Cutaneous Pain
originates in subcutaneous tissues.EX-paper cut
Deep Somatic Pain
from ligaments,tendons,bones,blood vessels,and nerves. last longer than cutaneous pain.ex. ankle sprain
Visceral Pain
stimualtion of pain receptors in abdominal cavity, ranium,and thorax. Occurs frequently
Acute Pain
last up to 6 months and subsides as healibng takes place.
Chronic Pain
greater than 6 months.
Intractable Pain
highly resistant to relief.Cancer pain.Use imagery and PCA for pain relief
What age can a child use a PCA?
7 years old
Patient is using a PCA pump.What drug should you have ready?
Narcan
gate Control Therory
periphral nerve fibers carrying pain to spinal cord can hav their input modified at spinal cord level before transmission to the brain.
Dorsal horn opens and closes gate.
Do anagesics raise or lower pain threshold?
Raise
myths about pain
1)pain is not predictable it is individualized.
2)nurses can not assess patient's pain using their own definations of pain and beliefs. The patient has to tell you about his pain
at what age can you start to use the pain face?
4
Example of a full agonist
demerol,morphine,darvon,
dilaudid,codeine.Remember
MCDDD
agonist-antagonist
talwin
Side effects of Opioid
1)constipation-increase fluids
2)n&v-antiemetics
3)resp. depression
4)pruritus-antihistamines
5)urinary retention