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30 Cards in this Set

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Bacteriocins
some microorganisms found in intestines produces these substances, which are lethal to related strains of bacteria
Virulence
The microorg ability to produce dz
Iatrogenic infections
As direct result of dx or therapeutic procedures
Symptoms of inflammation
Pain, Edema, erythema, heat, impaired function
Margination
WBC's line up around the vessel in prep to respond to infection in localized areas
Emigration
WBC's move into desigmated area
Diapedesis
The actual passage of bl. corpuscles thru bl. vessel walls
Chemotaxis
Process in which Leukocytes are drawn into injured cells
Cicatrix
Scar, made from firious tissue
Transmission based precautions
1. Droplet
2. Airborn
3. Contact
4 types of infectious organisms
1.Virus
2.Fungi
3.bacteria
4.Parasites
Purposes of skin:
1.Serves as temp reg, 2.Secretes sebum,
3.Transmits senstaion
4. Produces and absorbs VitD
Defenses of Skin:
1. PH of skin
2.dryness
3.normal flora
4.mucous membs have cilia, and moisture
Sweat glands, types:
Apocrine- odor
Eccrine-thermo reg
Sebaceous- produces sebum which softens and lubs the skin and hair
Stages of inflamation:
Vascular-bl flows to area
Exudate-exudate&fibrin forms
Repairative-fibrin forms scar
Contraindications to immunization:
Severe febrile illness, pregnancy, allergic responce, presenc of revently acquired passive immunity
collegin
whitish protein deposit
Macule
flat unelevated patch, change in color
ex- some birth marks
Papule
Circumscribed, solid elevations less than 1cm
ex- worts, acne, pimples, moles
pustula/vesicle
vessicle or bulla filled with puss
ex- acne, impetigo
Milia
distended sebaceous glands that appear as tiny white papules on cheeks, chin and nose of newborns
Erosion
Scratch marks, ruptured vesicles
Lichenification
chronic dermatitis
Penicillins
nontoxic antibiotics with rare major adverse reactions that usually involve hypersensitivity
Ampicillins
May cause gen erythematous or maculo-papular rash (measle like)
Cephalosporins
Short term prophylaxis therapy of surgical wound infections
Aminoglycosides
May be nephro or odotoxic, increase fluid intake
Tetracycline
Causes photosensitivity, manifested as sunburn on sun exposed area's. Watch BUN/Creat levels
Heat causes:
Increased blood flow
Increased O2
Increased Antibodies
Increased Leukocytes
Cold causes:
Vasoconstriction
decreased blood flow
decreased removal of waste