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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gastritis
Result of a breakdown in gastric mucosal barrier
Stomach tissue unprotected from autodigestion by HCl acid and proteolytic enzyme, pepsin
Tissue edema, disruption of capillary walls with loss of plasma into gastric lumen
Etiology of Gastritis
Drugs
Aspirin, NSAIDs, and digitalis
Dietary indiscretions
Alcoholic drinking binge
H. pylori infection
Other bacterial, viral, and fungal infections
Mycobacteria,cytomegalovirus, and syphilis
Clinical manifestation of Gastritis
Acute and chronic symptoms are similar
Anorexia, N/V, epigastric tenderness, and feeling of fullness
Hemorrhage commonly associated with alcohol abuse
Dx test of gastritis
Endoscopic examination with biopsy
H. pylori presence tested in
Breath, urine, serum, or gastric tissue
Care of gastritis
Supportive care similar to N/V
NPO
Fluids
Bed rest
NG tube
Drug therapy
Eliminate cause and prevent reoccurrence in future
Eliminate cause
Antibiotics and antisecretory agent combinations
Correct anemia
Life style changes of gastritis
Diet
Alcohol
Smoking
Indications for TPN
Chronic diarrhea and vomiting
Complicated surgery or trauma
Gastrointestinal obstruction
Gastrointestinal tract anomalies and fistulae