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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Type of diagnostic test used for viral infections
Tzanck's smear
Type of diagnostic used for skin infections?
Wood's light examination
Type of diagnostic test used for allergies?
Patch testing
_______changes:
thin, fragile, hyperpigmentation
delayed wound healing
dry, decreased tone and elasticity
decreased sensory perception
altered thermoregulation
adipose redistribution
age-related changes
Phases of ____________:
1. inflammatory
2. fibroblastic
3. maturation
wound healing
Mechanism of _______:
epithelialization
contraction
healing
Actinic Keratoses means_______
pre-malignant
Squamous cell carcinoma- cancer of the __________
epidermis
Largest organ of the body
Skin
Is the body's primary defense system. It protects,
regulates body temp
vitamin D synthesis (sunlight)
maintains homeostasis
sensery reception (touch, pain)
cosmetic (psychosocial/ self image)
Skin
this layer of skin has no blood supply and gets nutrients from the lower layers
EPIDERMIS
this layer of skin has compact collagen and fibers present and gives the skin its tone and color and is rich in nerves
(touch, pressure, pain)
Dermis
this lays over muscle and bone and insulates and absorbs shocks. It also pads internal structures
Adipose
This type of gland is over the entire skin surface, except for the soles of the feet and palms of the hands. also called the oil glands.
Sebacceous
The eccrine glands and the apocrine glands are what type of glands?
Sweat glands
this type of sweat glans is an odorless gland
Eccrine
This type of sweat gland are the odor glands found under axillary, groin area and under breasts
Apocrine
with aging you have decreased vitamin D production because the ________ layer is not as receptive to sun and vitamin D
epidermal
Aging skin is influenced by:
-genetics
-presence of disease
-redisturbution of adipose tissue
-hormones
-environment (sun exposure prematurely ages skin
-dry, thin wrinkled skin (skin turgor is ___________)
decreased
aging skin is influenced by;
-decreased perception to pain, temp
-susceptible to trauma, delayed healing
-skin hyperplasia, ____________(brown spots increase in sun exposed areas)
hyperpigmentation
Assessment of skin- also look at hair- hair gets thinner, grayer and more coarse due to _________ oils and _____ water.
nails also diminish (harder, thicker)
decreased
Skin assessment
The ABCD
A- asymmetry of shape
B-
C- color variations
D-
B- borders
D- diameter, should not be greater than an eraser head (5mm)
a type of skin lesions that is flat (mashed)
macule
a type of skin lesion that is raised
Papule
a type of skin lesion that is a nodule and formed
plaque
this type of skin lesion can be felt under the skin
tumors
another name for a hive
wheal
another name for a blister that is clear filled
Vesicle
this type of lesion looks like a burn and is fluid filled
Bulla
type of skin lesion that is fluid or semi-solid
cyst
this type of skin lesion has purulent drainage
pustule
another name for flaky dry skin
scaly skin
this type of skin lesion is very dry, with serum , blood, or pus
crusty skin
this type of skin lesion leaves damage to skin, depression seen in upper layers of the skin
erosion
this type of skin lesion is irregular shaped
ulcers
type of skin lesion that has thickening due to rubbing or scratching
lichenfication
another name for abrasions
excoriation
another name for a crack in the skin or cut in the skin
fissure
another name for skin wasting
atrophy
when assessing a patient nails- the clubbing degree will tell you about their ____________.
gas exchange
a ______ biposy is where they scrape some skin for a sample
shaved
a__________ biposy is where they get a deeper sample of skin
Punch
Phases of wound healing- provide the best median for healing.
____________- edema, pain, red, warm, initial response to trauma, acute phase, last few days
inflammatory
Phase of wound healing where the tissue is rebuilding, the healing stage. lasts longer and cells move toward wound, secretion of collagen and scar tissue formed. capillaries around wound form buds (new tissue growth), granulation tissue then epithelial cells grow over the granulation tissue
Fibroblastic
Phase of wound healing- modeling/strengthing of tissue. takes time to strengthen, become harder. is susceptible to trauma until fully matured and strong.
how we allow the wound to heal- heal from inside out.
Maturation
______intention- clean line. clean cut, scar or surgical incision. no irregular edges, minimal tissue destruction. should heal quickly, not much damage
First
______intention-
deep with cavity (ulcer, infected wound) because of cavity, indentation, will take longer to heal, will have scar tissue.
Second
______intention-
delayed closure due to wound infection. will see purulent drainage, need to give antibiotics, may even have severe
damage to skin. Tissue that has been destroyed (messy wound) , moist with infection
Third
2 types of thickness wounds:
1.
2.
1. Partial
2. Full
Type of thickness wound that is a superficial wound, heals by 1st intention. Epithialization is all that has to happen
Partial
Type of thickness wound that is your deeper (burns) into deeper layers of the skin tissue, may have dead tissue. may need debridement to help heal. Contractions may occur where the skin closes in as the wound heals (with older people the skin might not stretch and they may need a skin graft)
Full
___________, tissue damage due to trauma, ischemia. occurs anywhere on body, but mostly on bony prominences. forces of pressure, friction and shear.
Prevention is #1 goal.
-prevent with postioning, nutrition, and good skin care.
Pressure ulcers
____________- Assessment of the following:
-moisture exposure
-activity level
-mobility control
-nutrition
-friction/shear
Braden scale
Stage____ of an ulcer:
-skin intact, red, no blanching (lloks at blood supply/ circulation)
STAGE I
Stage ______ of an ulcer:
skin open, superficial (skin tear)
stage II
Stage ______ of an ulcer:
-full thickness skin loss, necrosis, crater like appearance, may have undermining present (tunneling)
Stage III
Stage ______ of an ulcer stage:
-extensive tissue destruction, necrosis, damage to muscle and bone, undermining present (much bigger than it looks)
Stage IV