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14 Cards in this Set

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Name the 6 muscles that attatch the eyeball to its orbit and give it movement.
Superior and inferior rectus, Inferior ns superior oblique, Lateral and medial rectus
In the aging adult, the lens loses elasticity, thereby losing the ability to accomodate for near vision. T/F
True. this condition is called presbyopia.
State the pathways of hearing.
1. bone or air conduction
2. tympanic membrane
3. stapes
4. Basilar membrane of cochlea.
What are the 2 types of hearing loss?
Comductive which involves a mechanical dysfunction of the external or middle ear.
Sensorineural or perceptive loss signifies a pathological disturbance.
Describe the findings of the tympanic membrane on someone that has had repeated ear infections.
It will show scarring which appears as a dense white patch on the ear drum.
Tenderness on the mastoid bone suggests what?
Middle ear infection
How do you straighten the ear canal for examination with the otoscope.
Child under 3 -Pull Pinna straight down
Adult Pull up and back
why does one get a "runny nose" from crying?
Tears drain via the nasal lacrimal duct into the nose. if tear production is great, they will overflow onto the face.
There are 4 sets of sinuses. Which 2 are accessable to the examiner?
The frontal sinuses which are behind the frontal bone and medial to the eye orbits, and the maxillary sinuses in the maxilla along the sides of the nasal bone.
The nasal mucosa is redder than the oral mucosa.T/F
True
Name some normal changes to the nose and mouth on the pregnant female.
Nasal stuffiness, epistaxix, soft hyperemic gums and bleeding with brushing. These are all caused by increased vascularity.
The size of teeth vary by culture. T/F
True.the size of teeth vary widely with the teeth of whites being the smallest, followed by blacks, asians, and then native americans.
Women can expect to lose one tooth with each pregnancy. T/F
False. Contrary to popular belief, pregnancy does not remove the calcium for the teeth causing tooth decay.
Transillumination of the sinuses will detect inflammation? T/F
This is possible but not an absolute. An inflammed fluid filled sinus does not transilluminate. Be ware however as many healthy sinuses normally will not transilluminate.