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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the definition of health? What is it not?
Not just the absence of disease, but a state of complete physical, psychological and social well being.
What is wellness?

What is main difference or addition to this definition versus the "health" definition?
Wellness is dynamic balance among the physical, psychological, social and SPIRITUAL aspects of a person's life.
Why did nurses develop health models/health belief models?
So they could understand clients' attitudes and values toward health and illness so they could effectively provide healthcare.
What is the point of the health belief model?
It helps to show the relationship between a person's health belief and their behaviors...so we can predict how they will comply with health care therapies.
What are the components of the health belief model?
1. individual's perception of SUSCEPTIBILITY of an illness

2. individual's perception of the SERIOUSNESS of the illness

3. individual's perception of the BENEFITS and BARRIERS to taking action
Give an example of the first component of the health belief model: Individual's perception of SUSCEPTIBILITY of an illness.
Whether or not they recognize that they are at risk for heart disease because every male in their family has had a heart attack.
Give an example of the second component of the health belief model: Individual's perception of the SERIOUSNESS of the illness.
If they think having high cholesterol is a bad thing, or just kind of bad. A lot of outside influence on this.
What does the likelines a person will take action (health belief model) depend on?
perception of the benefits of and barriers to preventative action
What are the three health models?
health belief model

health promotion model

basic human needs model
What are the three components of the health promotion model?
1. individual characteristics and experiences

2. behavior specific knowledge and affect

3. behavioral outcomes
In Health Promotion Model, what does it mean when it says indivudal characteristics and experiences?
Each person has unique personal characteristics that will affect subsequent actions
What is the desired outcome and end point of HPM?
health promoting behavior (duh, duh, duh)
Give some examples of internal variables that may effect a person's health beliefs.
^developmental stage
.physical age
.emotional stage of life
^intellectual background
.educational background
.past experiences
.lack of knowledge
.cognitive ability
^perception of functioning
.subjective data gathered
-SOB, fatigue
^emotional factors
.stress, fear, depression
.overreactor may not seek tx b/c they think they are going to die

^spritual factors
.family relations
.find hope and meaning of life
.religious factors limit tx
Give some examples of external variables that can effect a person's health belief.
Family Practices

Socioeconomic Factors

Cultural background
The following are important categories that can identify if a person's health status:

tobacco use
alcohol use
habitual drug use (note habitual....haha)
family relationships
coping and adaptation

Who would you apply primary prevention to?
someone who is without disease or disfunction

group or individual

at risk group or not at risk
Give an example of primary prevention.
health education programs
nutritional fitness
Who would you apply secondary prevention to?
someone/group that is already experiencing health problems or illness AND who are at risk for developing more complications
Give an example of secondary prevention.
care delivered in hospitals, homes or nursing facilities

screening techniques
treating early stages of disease

-eye screening for ambylopia
-giving out info on low salt diet after running a BP stand at the fair and a person had prehypertension BP reading
What is the goal of secondary prevention?
to delay or stop the progression of the disease

it is directed at diagnosis and prompt intervention to reduce the severity of the diease or its side effects
When does tertiary prevention occur?
when a defect or disability is permanent and irreversible.
What is the goal of tertiary prevention?
minimizing the effects of the problem by preventing complications and deterioration
The activities of tertiary prevention are directed at what?
NOT dx and tx, but at REHAB

i'm gonna go to rehab, but i say no no no....teritiary, no no no
Illness is not ___________.
equal to disease.

illness is a state in which a person's physical, emotional, intellectual, social, developmental, or spiritual functioning is diminished or impaired compared with previous experience.
Two topics deal with internal and external variables. What are they?
health beliefs


reaction to illness
What is the first stage of illness behavior?
symptom experience
Once a patient experiences symptoms, what is his next stage of illness behavior?
assumption of sick role
When a patient finally accepts they are sick, what is their next action?
medical care contact
Once a patient contacts the doctor, what is the next stage of illness behavior that they do?
dependent client role

(don't know what it means, but oh well)
What is the final stage of illness behavior?

oh no no no
Rehab comes up in two spots in unit 3. Amy Winehouse's song should be going through you head. What are the two spots that REHAB is mentioned?
Tertiary Prevention (rehabilitation for a condition that is permanent)


The LAST stage of illness behavior (after they sought medical care and assumed the dependent client role, they do recovery and REHAB no no no)
Primary Secondary and Tertiary

Those three words are used to describe two situations. What are the situations?
Preventative Care
-primary prevention
-secondary prevention
-tertiary prevention

Levels of Healthcare
Which one is which?

Primary prevention or Primary Health care level

early detection
primary health care

(dx and tx are parts of secondary prevention, not primary)
Which one is which?

Tertiary prevention or Tertiary Health care level

Long term disease preventing complications
Tertiary prevention

Tertiary care would include seeing a specialist, but probably to treat the problem....