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20 Cards in this Set

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What basic nutrient provides most of the body's energy and is the most abundant?
Carbohydrates
Which basic nutrient is used for energy and providing vitamins. No more than 30% calorie intake from this source.
fats
Basic nutrient Used for body growth and repair
Protein
Basic nutrient that are necessary for metabolism
vitamins
Basic nutrient that are essential to biochemical reactions in the body?
minerals
basic nutrient that replaces fluids through perspiration, elimination, and respiration
Water
Infants should be taking how much weight in during the first 6 months?
108 kcal/kg of weight (breastfed or bottled)
How much intake should infants take in the second 6 months of the first year?
98 kcal/kg of wieght
(breastfed or bottled)
between what months is solid foods introduced to an infant?
between 4-6 months
Toddlers need more or less calories per kg of weight than infants?
Toddlers need to increase their calories per kg of weight. They need to increase their intake of protein and other sources.
School age children should be supervised in consumption of what basic nutrient source
protein, vitamin C and A
During adolescence, intake should include
Protein, calcium, iron, iodine, folic acid and B vitamin. 1/4 of dietary intake comes from snacks. Increase water consumption is important.
In older adults? Is calorie intake increased or decreased?
it is decreased due to slower metabolic rate which requires less calories. ALTHOUGH, they need the same amount of minerals and vitamins
What percentage of carbohydrates are ingested?
90%
How does carbohydrates go through the blood?
it converts to glucose and then travels through blood.
How much grams of carbohydrates is needed on a daily basis?
50 to 100 g
What percentage of protein should be ingested?
10%
Where does digestion of fats occur?
large intestine
What is the most concentrated source of energy?
fats
Product that is made when manufacturers partially hydrogenate liquid oils?
trans fat