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122 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
famotidine
Pepcid
omerprazole
Prilosec
lansoprozole
Prevacid
metoclopramide
Reglan
pancrelipase
Cotazym
diphenoxylate/atropine
Lamotil
prochlorperazine
Compazine
hydroxyzine
Vistaril
ondansetron
Zofran
docusate sodium
Colace
bisacodyl
Dulcolax
aluminum hydroxide
Amphojel
magnesium hydroxide
Milk of Magnesia (MOM)
methylphenidate hydrochloride
Ritalin
phenytoin
Dilantin
levodopa/carbidopa
Sinemet
bethanechol
Urecholine
phenoxybenzamine
Dibenzyline
fexophenadine
Allegra
pseudoephedrine
Sudafed
albuterol
Proventil
xanthines
Theophylline
cromolyn
Intal
furosemide
Lasix
captopril
Capoten
digoxin
Lanoxin
nitroglycerin
Nitrobid
amiodarone
Cordarone
lovastatin
Mevacor
enoxaparin
Lovenox
warfarin
Coumadin
spironolactone
Aldactone
short-acting insulin
Regular Insulin
intermediate-acting insulin
NPH
combination insulin
Novolin 70/30
prednisone
Cortisone
vasopressin
Pitressin
conjugated estrogen
Premarin
testosterone
Androderm
metformin
Glucophage
sulfonylureas
Glipizide
pioglitazone
Actose
rosiglitazone
Avandia
alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
Acarbose & Miglitol
injectable non-insulin antidiabetic medication
Byetta
levothyroxine
Synthroid
somatropin
Genotropin
octreotide acetate
Sandostatin
clomiphene
Clomid
mydriatic drug
Atropine
tobramycin
Tobrex
bipivefrine
Propine
acetazolamide
Diamox
prednisolone ophthalmic
PredForte
artificial tears
Tears Naturale
formula for calculating IV infusion rate per hour
x mL/x hrs = x mL / hr
formula for calculating drip rate
mL/fr x gtt/mL / 60 min/hr = gtt/min
May an LPN regulate an IV of D5W?
Yes. It is not medicated.
How to prevent hematoma formation p collecting venous blood sample.
Hold pressure on the site.
Why use positive pressure when flushing a saline or heparin lock?
This technique will decrease catheter occlusion.
What drug class does smoking inhibit the effectiveness of?
H2 antagonists
2 indications of Reglan (metoclopramide)
1. stimulate GI tract
2. prevent n/v
Examples of bulk-producing laxatives
FiberCon
Citrucel
Perdiem
Metamucil
Example of emollient/surfactants/ fecal softeners.
Docusate sodium & Peri-Colace.
Examples of osmotic/ saline laxatives.
MOM, epsom salts, goLYTELY or PEG
Which acid-controlling drug neutralizes stomach acid but does not reduce production of stomach acid?
Reglan
Prilosec
Amphojel
Simethicone
Amphojel (alum. hydroxide)
Which of these antacids inhibits ATPas & the proton pump?
Atropine
Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Both cimetidine & omeprazole
Omeprazole (Prilosec)
What actions are similar for both osmotic & bulk-producing laxatives?
They both result in increased water in the bowel, which stimulates peristalsis.
What is a contraindication of metoclopramide (Reglan), a GI stimulant?
Bowel obstruction.
Which of these antiemetics would not interact with CNS depressants?
Hydroxyzine
Prochlorperazine
Ondansteron
Ondansteron (Zofran)
What instructions should you include for a patient new to oral enzyme therapy?
Do not chew the tablet, and take the tablet a or c meals.
adrenergic agonist effects
increase HR
increase BP
bronchodilator
n/v, dry mouth
adrenergic antagonist effects
decrease HR
decrease BP
bronchoconstrictor
abdominal cramps, diarrhea, constipation
decrease resistance to urinary flow
cholinergic agonist effects
decrease HR
decrease BP
increase respiratory secretions
abdominal cramping, increase secretions
urinary incontinence
anticholinergic effects
increase HR
increase BP
decrease respiratory secretions
slow peristalsis, decrease secretions
urinary retention
How does an anticholinesterase drug such as pyridostigmine help a patient c myasthenia gravis?
It decreases the breakdown of acetylcholine, leaving more available for muscle movement.
What is the purpose of mixing carbidopa c levodopa (Sinemet)?
It reduces the required dose of levodopa.
Pheochromocytoma can be treated with which drug?
phenoxybenzamine (Dibenzyline)
Why would you hold atropine?
Glaucoma
Antitussives are used primarily to:
stop a cough reflex when the cough is nonproductive.
What dietary change would you recommend to a patient taking theophylline?
Decrease or eliminate caffeine.
Foods containing vitamin K an alter the effectiveness of which drug?
warfarin (Coumadin)
Which of the following diuretics spares potassium?
Hydrochlorothiazide
Furosemide
Spironolactone
Spironolactone
Digoxin is a positive inotrope & a negative chronotrope. What is the best definition of these characteristics?
Increases the force of contraction and decreases the heart rate.
What information should be shared c patients using cholestyramine?
Do not take cholestyramine at the same time as other medications.
What SE should a patient taking levothyroxine report?
Nervousness, tremors, or palpitations.
How do sulfonylureas achieve their effect to help the diabetic patient?
Stimulate the production of insulin by the pancreas.
S/S of hypoglycemia.
Confusion
Sweating
Dipivefrine is a "prodrug". This means it:
works when it changes to its active form p instillation in the eye.
Atropine is usually contraindicated in patients with glaucoma because:
it can limit aqueous humor outflow.
Glaucoma is characterized by:
increased intraocular pressure.
Nursing implications for your glaucoma patient receiving acetazolamide (Diamox) include:
teaching the patient that s/he may experience an increase in urine output.
Which drug class used to treat glaucoma may have SE including drowsiness, confusion, polyuria, and acidosis?
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors (CAIs)
Prototype antacids & antiflatulnts
Aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel)
Magnesium hydroxide (MOM)

Simethicone
Prototype H2 antagonist
Famotidine (Pepcid)
Prototype proton pump inhibitors
omerprazole (Prilosec)
lansoprozole (Prevacid)
Prototype GI stimulant
metoclopramide (Reglan)
Prototype digestive enzyme
pancrelipase (Catozym)
Prototype antidiarrheal
diphenoxylate/atropine (Lamotil)
Prototype bulk-producing laxatives
Metamucil
Perdiem
Citrucel
Prototype emollient laxative
MOM
Prototype irritant laxative
Senekot
Dulcolax
Prototype fecal softener
docusate sodium (Colace)
Prototype emetic
ipecac
Prototpye antiemetics
prochlorperazine (Compazine) (dopamin antagonist)
hydroxyzine (Vistaril) antihistamine
ondansetron (Zofran) 5-HT antagonist
Prototype absorbent
activated charcoal
Prototype opoid
morphine
Prototype CNS stimulant
methylphenidate HCl (Ritalin)
Prototype anticonvulsant
phenytoin (Dilantin)
Prototype anti-Parkinsonian
levodopa/carbidopa (Sinemet)
Prototype anticholinergic
atropine
Prototype antihistamine
fexofenadine (Allegra)
Prototype decongestant
pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
Prototype antitussive
dextromethorphan
Prototype expectorant
guaifenesin
Prototype beta-2 adrnergic bronchodilator
albuterol (Proventil)
Prototype xanthine bronchodilator
theophylline
Prototype anticholinergic bronchodilator
ipratropium bromide (Atrovent)
Prototype corticosteroid anti-inflammatory respiratory
beclomethasone (Vanceril)
Prototype mast cll stabilizer respiratory
cromolyn sodium (Intal)
Prototype leukotrine receptor agonist respiratory
montelukast (Singulair)
Prototype mucolytic
acetylocysteine