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64 Cards in this Set

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defect or sac formed by dilation in artery wall due to atherosclerosis, trauma, or congenital defect
Aneurysm
loss of appetite for food
anorexia
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid within the peritoneal cavity, associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, cancer, or portal
Ascites
loud gurgling bowel sounds signaling increased motility or hyperperistalsis, occur with early bowel obstruction, gastroenteritis, diarrhea
Borborygmi
blowing swooshing sounds heard through a stethoscope when an artery is partially occluded
Bruit
first or proximal part of large intestine
cecum
inflammation of the gallbladder
cholecystits
lower borders of rib margin formed by the medial edges of the 8th, 9th, and 10th ribs
costal margin
angled formed by the 12th rib and the vertebral column on the posterior thorax, overlying the kidney
costovertebral angle (CVA)
midline longitudinal ridge in the abdomen, a separation of abdominal rectus muscles
Diastasis recti
Difficulty swallowing
Dysphagia
name of abdominal region between the costal margins
Epigastrium
abnormal enlargement of liver
Hepatomegaly
abnormal protrusion of bowel through weakening in abdominal musculature
Hernia
ligament extending from pubic bone to anterior superior iliac spine, forming lower border of abdomen
Inguinal ligament
midline tendinous seam joining the abdominal muscles
linea alba
complete absence of peristaltic movement that may follow abdominal surgery or comlete bowel obstruction
Paralyticileus
rough grating sound heard through the stethoscope over the site of peritoneal inflammation
Peritoneal friction rub
inflammation of peritoneum
peritonitis
congenital narrowing of pyloric sphincter, forming outflow obstruction of stomach
pyloric stenosis
(heart burn) burning sensation in upper abdomen, due to reflux of gastric acid
pyrosis
midline abdominal muscles extending from rib cage to pubic bone
rectus abdominus muscle
abnormally sunken abdominal wall as with malnutrition or under weight
scaphoid
abnormal enlargment of spleen
splenomegaly
(linea albicantes) silvery white or pink scar tissue formed by stretching of abdominal skin as with pregnancy or obesity
Striae
name of abdominal region just superior to pubic bone
suprapubic
high-pitched, musical, drumlike percussion note heard when percussing over the stomach and intestine
tympany
depression on the abdomen marking site of entry of umbilical cord
umbilius
internal organs
viscera
moving a body part away from an axis or the median line
Abduction
moving a body part toward the center or toward the median line
Adduction
immobility, consolidation, and fixation of a joint because of disease, injury, or surgery; most often due to chronic rheumatoid arthritis
Ankylosis
inability to perform coordinated movements
Ataxia
enclosed sac filled with viscous fluid located in joint areas of potential friction
Bursa
moving the arm in a circle around the shoulder
Circumduction
dry crackling sound or sensation due to grating of the ends of damaged bone
Crepitation
directed toward or located on the surface
Dorsa
flexion contractures of the fingers due to chronic hyperplasia of the palmar fascia
Dupuytren's Contracture
moving the sole of the foot outward at the ankle
Eversion
straightening a limb at a joint
Extension
bendinga limb at a joint
Flexion
round, cystic, nontender nodule overlying a tendon sheath or joint capsule, usually on dorsum of wrist
Ganglion
lateral or outward deviation of the great toe
Hallux Valgus
moving the sole of the foot inward at the ankle
Inversion
outward or convex curvature of the thoracic spine, hunchback
Kyphosis
fibrous bands running directly from one bone to another bone that strengthens the joint
Ligament
inward or concave curvature of the limbar spine
Lordosis
center of the intervertebral disc
Nucleus pulposus
bony projetion of the ulna at the elbow
Olecranon process
kneecap
Patella
surface of the sole of the foot
Plantar
turning the forearm so that the palm is down
Pronation
moving a body part forward and parallel to the ground
Protraction
extent of movement of a joint
Range of motion (ROM)
moving a body part backward and parallel to the ground
Retraction
chronic systemic inflammatory disease of joints and surrounding connective tissues
Rheumatoid arthritis
nerve pain along the course of the sciatic nerve that travels down from the back or thigh through the leg and into the foot
Sciatica
S-shaped curvature of the thoracic spine
Scoliosis
turning the forearm so that the palm is up
Supination
(clubfoot) congenital deformity of the foot in which it is plantar flexed and inverted
Talipes equinovarus
strong fibrous cord that attaches a skeletal muscle to a bone
tendon
(wryneck)contraction of the cervical neck muscles, producing torsion of the neck
torticollis
strong fibrous cord that attaches a skeletal muscle to a bone
tendon
(wryneck)contraction of the cervical neck muscles, producing torsion of the neck
torticollis