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60 Cards in this Set

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What is a concrete noun?
Concrete nouns refer to entities with physical attributes which can be seen, heard, touched, etc.
La biere(accent ` on first e)
beer
un bonbon
sweet
un cadeau
present
la carte
card
un disque
record
l'eglise(accent/on first e)
church
un livre
book
un mannequin
(fashion) model
What is an abstract noun?
abstract nouns do not have physical attributes like concrete nouns.
la beaute(accent / on last e)
beauty
un bonheur
happiness
la bonte(accent / on last e)
goodness
la patience
patience
les moeurs(feminine)
customs, morals
un savoir
knowledge
un silence
silence
la soif
thirst
What is a count noun?
Count nouns identify individual entities and usually have both singular amd plural form.
une bouteille, des bouteilles
bottle, bottles
un chien, des chiens
dog, dogs
une personne, des personnes
person, people
What is a mass noun?
Mass nouns treat the entity or entities they refer to as a single unit, and typically have only a singular form(although some mass nouns only have a plural form)
de l'air
air
du beurre
butter
de l'eau
water
du gateau (circomflexe on first a)
cake
des gens
people
du sable
sand
Difference between Personnes and Gens
Both mean "People." Personne is a count noun while Gens is a mass noun.
Personne
Personne can be preceded by a number or the quantifiers plusiers "several," quelques "a few," un certain nombre de "a certain number of."
Gens
Gens is preffered in contexts where "people" are treated as a mass. Gens can be preceded by beaucoup de "many," peu de "few," tous les "all the," and la plupart des "most."
Mass nouns and count nouns used countably
Some Mass nouns can be used countably and some count nouns can be used countably also.
Les vins de France
the wines of France
Les Eaux et Forets(circomflexe on last e)
The french forestry money
Les fromage de Normandy
The chesses of Normandy
Un pain
a loaf of bread
Un petit pain
a bun
COUNT NOUNS
Prenez du poulet
Have some chicken
Il met du citron dans tout
He puts lemon in everything
What are collective nouns?
Collective nouns refer to collections of people or things.
une assistance
audience
un comite(accent / on last e)
committee
une equipe(accent / on first e)
team
une foule
crowd
un gouvernement
government
un linge de maison
household linen
une main d'oeuvre
workforce
un peuple
people
une vaisselle
dishes,cockery
What is a proper noun?
Proper nouns are names like Marie-Paul, Paris, Toulouse, Le Havre, La Seine, La France, La Canada.
an/annee (accent /on first e)
Year. -ee form is used when the activity which takes place during morning, evening, day, year.
jour/journee (accent /on first e)
Day. -ee form is used when the activity which takes place during morning, evening, day, year.
matin/matinee (accent /on first e)
morning. -ee form is used when the activity which takes place during morning, evening, day, year.
soir/soiree
evening. -ee form is used when the activity which takes place during morning, evening, day, year.
What are proper nouns?
Proper nouns are names like Marie-Paule, Paris, Toulouse, Le Havre, La Seine, La France, Le Canada, etc..
What happens when the noun is plural?
"the Martins Family" In french, the article becomes plural, but not the name itself...Les Martin
When a person's title is used, it is normally accompanied by the ____________
definite article
le professuer, le docteur
When proper nouns are modified by preceding adjectives, they require a _____________
a definite article
le petit Jules, le gros Henri
Regions and contries are also used with ________________
definite articles
J'ai visite la Normandie