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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Genitive of Possession
when the genitive case is used to show ownerships, such as "the book of the girl"
Partitive Genitive
When a noun in the genitive case represents the whole of which another noun is a part of. ex, "Many 'of the inhabitants' will not work
Subjective Genitive
When a noun in the genitive case expresses the person for thing performing a verbal action implied in another noun. ex, The hatred 'of the bad man' against good men was great.
Objective Genitive
When a noun in the genitive expresses the person or thing receiving a verbal action implied in another noun. ex, On account of the hatred, 'of their masters', they weren't working. Substitute of with for and you'll get it
Dative of Reference
ex, 'To the sailor' the danger of the sea is real., 'With reference to the sailor' the danger of the sea is real.
Dative of Indirect Object
ex. The girl gave a toy 'to the cat'. To the cat is the indirect object
Dative of the Possessor
When the the dative is used to indicate the person who possess something. ex, To the master there is a book. aka The master has a book
Dative of Purpose, usually combines with dative of reference to form Double Dative Construction
Ex, tū mihi cūrae es. Ex, You to me for the purpose of a concern are. You are for the purpose of a concern to me. You are a source of concern to me
Dative of Advantage and Disadvantage
When you use for, and you could for the advantage or for the disadvantage of and it would make sense in the sentence.
Dative with an Intransitive Verb
When a dative is used with an intransitive verb. ex, My opinion is pleasing 'to Anthony'. And is pleasing is the intransitive verb
Accusative of Place to Which
When accusative is used to express motion towards a place. Ex. The women is being sent 'to the province'.
Accusative of Duration of Time
Accusative with no prep. is used to express the amount of time during which the action of the verb occurs. In Italy 'for many years' there had been kings.
Ablative of Accompaniment
Requires cum. Ex, The farmer came 'with the poet'.
Ablative of means
No preposition requires. When the ablative case is used to express what is being used do something.
Ablative of Personal Agent
Usually used with ab/ā to express the agent or person by which something is done. Ex, I was called 'by the queen'
Ablative of Manner
When the ablative is used to express the manner or way in which something is done. With adj. no prep. is needed. Ex. 'With great care' in the street I will walk.
Ablative of Respect
Bonus cōnsiliō erat Gracchus. Good 'in respect to judgement' was Gracchus.
Ablative of Separation
When the ablative case expresses the idea that someone is apart from some or something. Ex. I will free you 'from slavery'.
Ablative of Cause
Without prep. Expressed the cause or reason for a quality or verbal action. Ex. I waged war 'because of anger'.
Ablative of Place from which
Like Ablative of separation but with places. Prepositions aren't used with cities, towns, small islands, and domus or rūs.
Ablative of Time When
Without a preposition used to the express the point in time when the action occurs. Ex. 'On that night' Pompey took the town.
Ablative of time within which
No Preposition used to express the limited period of time within which the action occured. Ex. I will complete the poem 'in a few days'.
Ablative Absolute
A noun in the ablative case that is accompanied by a circumstantial participle and unconnected in syntax with the rest of the sentence. Ex, 'With the soldiers departing, all the citizen on account....
Dative of Agent with passive periphrastic
A noun in the dative case is usually used with a passive periphrastic to express the agent by whome the action of the verb must be done. Ex. Carmen 'mihi' scribendum est. A poem must be written by me
Genitive of Description
When a noun in the Genitive case modified by an adjective is to describe another noun. Ex, Romulus, a man of great 'diligence' accomplished many things.
Ablative of Description
When a noun in the ablative case is modified by an adjective is used to describe another noun.
Ablative of Origin
Like ablative of separation, but it means the thing came from another as in birth.
Dative with a Compound Verb
Many compounds verbs, which have been formed by the addition of certain prepositions as prefixes to simple verbs, regularly appear with a dative that is connected in a sense wih the meaning of the preposition