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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Populations of Canada and United States
32 million - Canada
294 million - US
Denisty of North America
80 mi/sq - US
8 mi/sq
Total Fertility Rate
Life Expectancy NA
75-76 males
80-82 females
Affluent, Urbanized, Mobile, Diverse Culturally, Resource-rich
Reasons why US and Canada are NA and not Mexico
resource-rich, modern technology, innovative financing, informational services, dominate popular culture
Post Industrial Economy of NA
Gulf Atlantic Plain
Interior Lowlands
Rocky mountains
Pacific Mountains and Valleys
Physical Regions of NA
Flat, prone to flooding
Many Rivers, bays, and lakes-mississippi river
Gulf Atlantic Plain
Rugged Terrain
Less populated
Older mountains - Appalachians
Mineral Rich
West/central Canada
Great Lakes
Glacial deposits - good for agriculture
interior lowlands
Alaska to Northern Mexico
Highest MOuntain chain - built by glaciation
mineral rich
physical boundary
Rocky Mountains
active earthquakes and volcanoes
good farmland, requires irrigation
Pacific Mountains valleys
Continental midlatitude
Mild Midlatitude
climate regions of NA
Near great lakes
long growing season
30-60 inches annual rainfall
coniferous forest dominate interior
continental midlatitude climate region
near hudson bay
low shrubs and grasses
short growing season
nortern canada
Found on pacific coast - mediterranean summer
marine west coast elsewhere-southeast US
Mild midlatitude climate region
Complex mountain climates
highland climate region
This boundary was created by the rockies
mountains block rainfall
creates rain-shadow, some areas get no rain
Dry-humid boundary
Theory that claims humans came across coastlines from Eurasia
trans-oceanic theory
Humans came to NA across this land bridge, made of ice and connects russia to alaska, no longer exists
Berling Straight
Prehistoric subsistence systems
13000-9000 y.a
relied on large game animals
cold, dry tundra
Paleoindian subsistence system
Climate becomes warmer/drier during this era
relied on smaller game animals
conifers dominated
Archaic Subsitence System
Gahering becomes equally important as hunting
Woodland Subsistence System
Large scale complex agriculture
Social structures in place
organized labor
trade routes
Food and Gifts are exchanged for social status
Allows for redistribution of goods in times of limited resources
Potlatch societies
Spanish were in the southwest, French present in north, English dominated midatlantic
Early colonies
Settled near resources and local knowledge
Similar Climates in Europe
Similar vegetation in europe
inexperienced population
Shared elements of early colonies
1600-1700, on the east coast, Colonial footholds were established, resource extraction to tax base,
Disease was present
There were changes in the indigenous and colonial subsistence system
Trade networks were established
Stage 1 of the European Contact of NA and settlement
Exchange of information, language, disease, and genetics between the native population of NA and colonist
Columbian Exchange
Ohio valley, Tennessee River valley, and Canada were filled during this time
-Railroads, Farmlands, and National infrastructure was implemented at this time
- the native population died out
Slaves from africa were brought over
massive immigration and war,
Stage 2
Accelerated settlement, Gold Rush
Stage 3
Aggressive settlement of the United States to be "from sea to shining sea"
Manifest Destiny
French lost Canada and New Orleans to England, and England gained Florida in this war 1763
The Last of the Mohicans was during this war, badass movie
French Indian War
Belief held by Europeans that Americas were a sparsely populated wilderness
Humans had also not previously disturbed or modified the enviroment
Pristine Myth
Part of a country located outside of its physical borders
Western Europeans came to America, the abolition of slave trade occured in 1808 of this phase of immigration
Irish and Germans came (those dirty bastards)
Potato famine caused the dirty, dirty irish came
Legislations were passed to restrict immigration
Primarily eastern europeans came due to the Russian revolution
People wanted to escape WWI
Migration declined
1921 quota act limited the number of immigrants from specific regions
1924 the national origins act further restricted damn foreigners
Phase 3 immigrations
1970 to present
Latin America and Asia
increased immigration
1965 quotas were eliminated because white people can't do manual labor
Southwest, Texas, and Florida expected growth
Phase 5 immigration
Pre-1888 city, very compact, 3-4 miles in diameter, designed to travel on foot or by horse car, very narrow streets
Pedestrian Horse-car City
Affordable mass transit-trolley
Expanded residential zones - people commute to the urban core
5-10 miles in diameter
Streetcar Suburbs
Cars are mass produced cuz henry ford effing rocked
cities were 25 miles in diameter
middle income residents got the fuck out of the shitty inner city
recreational automobile city
1945 onward
post wwII housing boom - suburbs! no need to live in a shitty city at all if you have money, just work there
interstates were built, obvious influence from hitler
Urban core was much less important cuz nobody wanted to live there
Citys were 40-60 miles from core
Freeway Cit
Largest ubarn conglomeration in US
along the east coast
EXAMPLE:Boston, NYC, Baltimore, Philly
Cities are conneceted through transportatin, politics(damn liberals), and economy
People who feel like moving because of weather, nightlife, black people, etc.
lifestyle migrants
The process of renovating and occupying old shitty abandoned buildings
The term describing workers not having to live in the city anymore
Central Business District: 3-4 miles
Transition: 5-10 miles
Worker's homes: 10-25 miles
Better homes: 25-60 miles
Commuter zones:60 milse
Concentric Zone Model
Economic Sectors
this sector had basic resource extraction - mining/farming
Primary Sector
This sector had refining/manufacturing resources
Secondary Sector
"blue-collar" work - the service industry aspect of an economic sector
Tertiary Sector
white collar work
information processing
in this badass sector
Quaternary Sector
Proximity to resources
produce labor
market demand
capital inputs
government spending
Location factors, why economic activity is where its at