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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Phonological and Lexical Development
Normally organize by how they sound
Speech Acquisition Theory
Nativist -- Cognitive Behaviorist
Jakobson Phonemic contrast
Vowels contrast with consonants – Ditinctive Feature Theory Jakobson, Roman (rəmän' yäk'ôbsən) , 1896–1982, Russian-American linguist and literary critic, b. Moscow. He coined the term structural linguistics and stressed that the aim of historical linguistics is the study not of isolated changes within a language but of systematic change. Prague school of linguistics. They argued that synchronic phonology, the study of speech sounds in a language at a given time, must be considered in light of diachronic phonology, the study of speech sounds as they have changed over the course of the language's history
Behaviorist Speech Acquisition Theory
What sounds like a word would be reinforced like a word
Behaviorist and Nativists Limitations
behaviorists Problem: speech acquisition isn’t always linear . (Erin and out of order stuff)
Phonological and Lexical Development
Normally organize by how they sound
Speech Acquisition Theory
Nativist -- Cognitive Behaviorist
Nativist Speech Acquisition Theory
Jakobson Phonemic contrast Vowels contrast with consonants – Ditinctive Feature Theory Jakobson, Roman , 1896–1982, Russian-American linguist and literary critic, b. Moscow. He coined the term structural linguistics and stressed that the aim of historical linguistics is the study not of isolated changes within a language but of systematic change. Prague school of linguistics. They argued that synchronic phonology, the study of speech sounds in a language at a given time, must be considered in light of diachronic phonology, the study of speech sounds as they have changed over the course of the language's history
Behaviorist Speech Acquisition Theory
What sounds like a word would be reinforced like a word
Behaviorist and Nativists Limitations
behaviorists Problem: speech acquisition isn’t always linear .
Cognitive Speech Acquisition Theory
Piaget Child is attempting to meet the adult model “I want to be part of the adult word. Assimilation and accommodation! – Testing skills by using sounds over and over (reduplication) Firgureing out sounds through hypothesis testing. Avoidance of difficult soundsExploitation of easy sounds
Developmental Sequence of Speech
Babbling
Syl able shapes -v b – CV ba – VCV aba – CVCV bada /a/e//u/ Reduplicated babbling is very “word like developing from sylable shapes. Occasionall a closed syllable consonant on the end of a wide open syllable
Stage 1 B-1month
reflexive crying/vegetative sounds babies normally makes sounds when you move them or when they move around, if they don’t it may be a concern
Stage 2 2m-4m
Stage 3 4m-6m
vocal play Entertaining self with voice. Listening to what other voices ound like
Range of pitch, loudness, sustained sounds, more consonants dropped in Mainly open syllable structure
6months
true laughter
Stage 4
6m-speech canonical babbling mamama (strings together, reduplicated babblilng)makking noise to see how mouth workds. Non reduplilcated lamadamalama
Reeal word s reflect back word
Phonological and Lexical Development
Normally organize by how they sound
Speech Acquisition Theory
Nativist -- Cognitive Behaviorist
Nativist Speech Acquisition Theory
Jakobson Phonemic contrast Vowels contrast with consonants – Ditinctive Feature Theory Jakobson, Roman , 1896–1982, Russian-American linguist and literary critic, b. Moscow. He coined the term structural linguistics and stressed that the aim of historical linguistics is the study not of isolated changes within a language but of systematic change. Prague school of linguistics. They argued that synchronic phonology, the study of speech sounds in a language at a given time, must be considered in light of diachronic phonology, the study of speech sounds as they have changed over the course of the language's history
Behaviorist Speech Acquisition Theory
Olmstead Most frequently occurring phonemes would be learned first External reinforcers are the reasons for change What sounds like a word would be reinforced like a word
Behaviorist and Nativists Limitations
behaviorists Problem: speech acquisition isn’t always linear .
Cognitive Speech Acquisition Theory
Piaget Child is attempting to meet the adult model “I want to be part of the adult word. Assimilation and accommodation! – Testing skills by using sounds over and over (reduplication) Firgureing out sounds through hypothesis testing. Avoidance of difficult soundsExploitation of easy sounds
Developmental Sequence of Speech
Babbling
Syl able shapes -v b – CV ba – VCV aba – CVCV bada /a/e//u/ Reduplicated babbling is very “word like developing from sylable shapes. Occasionall a closed syllable consonant on the end of a wide open syllable
Stage 2 2m-4m
Stage 3 4m-6m
vocal play Entertaining self with voice. Listening to what other voices ound like
Range of pitch, loudness, sustained sounds, more consonants dropped in Mainly open syllable structure
6months
true laughter
Stage 4
6m-speech canonical babbling mamama (strings together, reduplicated babblilng)makking noise to see how mouth workds. Non reduplilcated lamadamalama
Reeal word s reflect back word
Stage 5 10m
Jargon Parents just think they are real words. Sounds like they should be Conversational rhythmn present
Babbling and later language development
Proto conversation: attempts at real conversation How is it related?Quality of babbling is predictive of language development
A child who is not as babbly—later develoment
Prosody:
melody, liliting of voice
Phonological and Lexical Development
Normally organize by how they sound
Speech Acquisition Theory
Nativist -- Cognitive Behaviorist
Nativist Speech Acquisition Theory
Jakobson Phonemic contrast Vowels contrast with consonants – Ditinctive Feature Theory Jakobson, Roman , 1896–1982, Russian-American linguist and literary critic, b. Moscow. He coined the term structural linguistics and stressed that the aim of historical linguistics is the study not of isolated changes within a language but of systematic change. Prague school of linguistics. They argued that synchronic phonology, the study of speech sounds in a language at a given time, must be considered in light of diachronic phonology, the study of speech sounds as they have changed over the course of the language's history
Behaviorist Speech Acquisition Theory
Olmstead Most frequently occurring phonemes would be learned first External reinforcers are the reasons for change What sounds like a word would be reinforced like a word
Behaviorist and Nativists Limitations
behaviorists Problem: speech acquisition isn’t always linear .
Cognitive Speech Acquisition Theory
Piaget Child is attempting to meet the adult model “I want to be part of the adult word. Assimilation and accommodation! – Testing skills by using sounds over and over (reduplication) Firgureing out sounds through hypothesis testing. Avoidance of difficult soundsExploitation of easy sounds
Developmental Sequence of Speech
Babbling
Syl able shapes -v b – CV ba – VCV aba – CVCV bada /a/e//u/ Reduplicated babbling is very “word like developing from sylable shapes. Occasionall a closed syllable consonant on the end of a wide open syllable
Stage 2 2m-4m
cooing and laughter Mostly vowels – coo and laugh when they are comforatable
Stage 3 4m-6m
vocal play Entertaining self with voice. Listening to what other voices ound like Range of pitch, loudness, sustained sounds, more consonants dropped in Mainly open syllable structure
6months
true laughter
Stage 4
6m-speech canonical babbling mamama (strings together, reduplicated babblilng)makking noise to see how mouth workds. Non reduplilcated lamadamalama
Reeal word s reflect back word
Stage 5 10m
Jargon Parents just think they are real words. Sounds like they should be Conversational rhythmn present
Babbling and later language development
Proto conversation: attempts at real conversation How is it related?Quality of babbling is predictive of language development
A child who is not as babbly—later develoment
Prosody:
melody, liliting of voice
Part of language form
Set of rules governing occurrence and order of speech sounds Not allowed to have more than three consonants in a row
Vowels
stream of output Clothesline a lot of vowles
Consonants
hanging on the vowles like Clothes on a clothesline
The motor production
: tongue at alveolar ridge
Concrete physical position
Concrete acoustic information
motor change of /s/ can create a lispy sound
Phonemic Characteristics of Speech Sounds
Meaning and function of what the speech sounds mean /f/at and /s/at
The FUNCTION of the sound
The way the sound is used contrastively contrastive