Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839-1842, over Britain's opium trade in China.
Opium War
An exemption of foreign residents from the laws of a country.
Extraterritorial Rights
A mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
Taiping Rebellion
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities
Spheres of Influence
A 1900 rebellion in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Boxer Rebellion
An 1854 agreement between the U.S. and Japan, which opened two japanese ports to U.S. ships and allowed the U.S. to set up an ebassy in Japan.
Treaty of Kanagawa
The period of Japanese history from 1876-1912, during which the country was ruled by emperor Mutsuhito.
Meiji Era
1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan, spraked by the two countries' efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea.
Russo-Japanese War
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
A policy proposed by the U.S. in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Open Door Policy
The Chinese Nationalist Party, formed after the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912.
A physician, tried to bring down Qing Dynasty- Held as prisoner, leader of revolution in China, "father of modern China."
Sun Yixian
Schoolteacher, supported student protesters to boycott Japan, one of China's greatest revolutionary leaders, "the great helmsman."
Mao Zedong
A national protest in China in 1919, in which people demonstrated against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign interference.
May Fourth Movement
A 6,000-mile long journey made in 1934-1935 by Chinese communists fleeing from Jiang Jieshi's nationalist forces.
Long March
A deliberate and public refusal to obey a law considered unjust.
Civil Disobedience
1893-1914 fought racial prejudice against Indians, Teachings blended ideas from all of the major world religions. Assassinated.
Mohands K. Gandhi
Led Turkish nationalists in overthrowing the last Ottoman sultan. 1923 became president of the new Republic of Turkey. Women gained more freedom, industrialized Turkey and spurred economic growth.
Mustafa Kemal
Japan's greatest naval strategist.
Isoroku Yamamoto
1st Japanese attack on U.S. December 7, 1941. Hawaii. Sunk and damaged 18 U.S. ships, 2,400 americans killed, more than 1,000 wounded. "A date which will live in infamy."
Pearl Harbor
A 1942 sea and air battle of WW2, in which American forces defeated Japanese forces in the central pacific.
Battle of Midway
Commander of the Allied land forces in the Pacific.
Douglas MacArthur
A 1942-1943 battle of WW2, in which allied troops drove Japanese froces from the pacific island of Guadalcanal.
Battle of Guadalcanal
Took the key port city of tobruk in June 1942. Accused for involvement in the plot to assassinate Hitler.
Erwin Rommel
"Monty", took control of Britis forces in North Africa. Launched Battle of El Alamein.
Bernard Montgomery
Led Allied force of more than 107,000 troops. They landed in Morocco and Algeria. President.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
A 1942-1943 battle of WW2, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union.
Battle of Stalingrad
June 6, 1944- Day in which the Allies began their invasion of the European mainland during WW2.
A 1944-1945 battle in which allied forces turned back the last major German offensive of WW2.
Battle of the Bulge
During WW2, Japanese suicide pilots trained to sink allied ships by crashing bomb-filled planes into them.
A seris of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after WW2, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules fo war, and crimes against humanity.
Nuremberg Trials
A reducion in a country's ability to wage war, achieved by sidbanding its aimed forces and prohibiting it from acquiring weapons.
Chinese Nationalist Leader.
Jiang Jieshi
In communist china, a collective farm on which a great number of people work and live together.
Militia units formed by young chinese poeple in 1966 in response to Mao Zedong's call for a social and cultural revolution.
Red Guards
A 1966-1976 uprising in china, led by the Red guards, with the goal of establishing a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal.
Cultural Revolution
Line that crosses Korea and 38 degrees norht latitude.
38th Parallel
Vietnamese nationalist, Indochinese communist party led revolts and strikes against the french.
Ho Chi Minh
the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, hearby nations will aslo fall under communist control.
Domino Theory
Leader of anti-communist government- U.S. and France.
Ngo Dinh Diem
A group of communist guerrillas who, with the help of North Vietnam, fought against the South Vietnamese government in the Vietnam war.
President Richard Nixon's strategy for ending U.S. involvemnt in the Vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawal of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces.
A group of communist rebels who seized power in cambodia in 1975.
Khmer Rouge
During the cold war, the developing nations not allied with either ther U.S. of the Soviet Union.
Third World
The independent countries that remained neutral in the cold war competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Nonaligned Nations
Led Cuban Revolution- Harsh dictator nationalized cuban economy, took over U.S. owned sugar mills and refineries. Defeated U.S. invaders.
Fidel Castro
Iran's leader after WW2, embraced Western governments and wealthy Western oil companies.
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi
Leader of Islamic Law.
Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
A major national political party in India- also know as the Indian National Congress.
Congress Party
An organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu Nations.
Muslim League
Leader of Muslim League, Founder of Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Last viceroy of India.
Lord Louis Mountbatten
A division into parts, like the 1947 division of the British colony on India into the two nations of India and Pakistan.
Independent India's first prime minister.
Jawaharlal Nehru
Prime minister killed by sikh bodyguards.
Indira Gandhi
Called for new election. Accused for corruption. Killed by bomb.
Rajiv Gandhi
Twice electer prime minister.
Benazir Bhutto
A statement that the British government supported the establishment of a jewish national homeland in Palestine, made in a 1917 letter by British foreign secretary Sir Arthur Balfour.
Balfour Declaration
An international crisis that occurred after Egypt seized control of the suez canal in 1956, when Israel, with the support of Britain and france, invaded Egypt and marched toward the canal but withdrew under pressure form the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Suez Crisis
A brief 1967 conflict between Israel and several Arab states, in which Israel took control of Jerusalem, the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan heights, and the West bank.
Six-Day War
Nasser's successor, Egyptian president planned a joint Arab attack on the date of Yom Kippur, the holiest jewish holidays.
Anwar Sadat
Prime minister, launched a conunterattack and regained most of Israel's lost territory.
Golda Meir
Israeli prime minister.
Menachem Begin
Teh first signed agreement between Israel and an Arab country, in which Egyptian president Anwar Sadat recognized Israel as a legitimate state and Israeli prime minister menachem Begin agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt.
Camp David Accords
Egypt's new leader- maintained peace with Israel.
Hoshi Mubarak
The Palestine Liberation Organization- and organization dedicated to the establishment of an independent state for Palestinians in the Middle East.