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60 Cards in this Set

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What do ALL fluorescent bacteria produce?
Pyoverdin
what does Pseudomonas aeruginosa produce?
Pyoverdin and Pyocianin
-Bluish-green on clear agar
-Metallic on blood agar
What 4 characteristics help to identify P aeruginosa?
-Oxidase pos
-Grape odor
-Glucose OXIDIZER
-pigments
What are the members of the Pseudomonas group?
P aeruginosa
P fluorescens
P putida
P stutzeri
What is important to know about Pseudomallei group in prescribing antibiotics?
ALL resist
-Polymyxin B and Colistin
-were previously Pseudomonas but now are Burkholderia.
What are the three members of the Pseudomallei group?
1. Burkholderia cepacia
2. Burkholderia pseudomallei
3. Burkholderia mallei
-Which of the pseudomallei are u most likely to see?
-What does it cause?
Burkholderia cepacia - causes chronic pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patients.
How are Burkholderia pseudomallei/mallei acquired?
From inhalation from animals.
What does Burkholderia pseudomallei cause?
Where is it seen?
Melioidosis - a febrile septicemia in SE Asia.
**Handle in safety cabinet!**
What does Burkholderia mallei cause?
GLANDERS neieiiiiighhhh.
The common nonfermentors are:
#1
#2
#3
#1=Pseudomonas aeruginosa
#2=Acinetobacter baumannii
#3=Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
What are distinctive characteristics of Stenotrophomonas?
-Smells like ammonia!
-Oxidizes Maltose/Glucose
What is the distinctive characteristic of Shewanella putrefaciens?
-Only NF GNB to produce H2S
What are the 2 species of acinetobacter?
Acinetobacter lwoffii
Acinetobacter baumannii
What distinguishes both acinetobacter species?
-Coccobacilli
-Oxidase neg
Which 3 NF GNB are normal flora and where?
-Acinetobacter - vagina
-Moraxella - mouth/GI tract
-Eikenella - mouth/GI tract
How are the acinetobacters different?
Baumannii oxidizes glucose
Lwoffi doesn't oxidize at all
Are moraxella cocci?
NO; they are true bacilli, but coccobacilli.
What is the yellow nf GNB?
Chryseobacterium meningosepticum
Where does Eikenella corrodens often cause infections?
in human bite wounds b/c it's normal flora in mouth.
what does c. meningosepticum cause?
nosocomial neonatal meningitis.
Which 2 nf GNB are oxidase neg?
-Stenotrophomonas
-Acinetobacter
Which nf GNB don't oxidize glucose?
--moraxella
-alcaligenes
-bordetella bronchiseptica
-eikenella corrodens
acronym for the non glucose oxidizers:
MABE
morax, alcal, bordatll, eik,
Which nf GNB oxidize maltose?
1. Ps. stutzeri
2. Burkholderia cepacia
3. Stenotrophomonas
4. Chyrseobacterium meningos.
(Acinetobacter baum. varies)
Which species doesn't do ANYTHING? Except...
Acinetobacter lwoffi - only grows on MAC and is GNCB
Which nf GNB are coccobacilli?
-Moraxella
-Acinetobacters
Which nf GNB oxidize lactose?
-Burkholderia cepacia
-Stenotrophomonas MIGHT
which nf GNB does EVERYTHING? what doesn't it do?
Burkholderia cepacia
-no specific morphology.
Which nf GNB doesn't grow on MAC?
-Eikenella corrodens
-Moraxella is variable.
Which 5 nf GNB are NOT motile?
-Acinetobacters
-Moraxella
-Chryseobacterium mngsptcm
-Eikenella corrodens
what acronym says which are nonmotile?
MACE
Which pseudomonas is green?
aeruginosa
Which pseudomonas is yellow?
-Fluorescens
-Putida
which pseudomonas is wrinkly?
stutzeri
How do you tell P. putida and stutzeri apart?
Putida = gelatin +
Stutzeri = gelatin -
Which nf gnb is tan and smells like ammonia?
Stenotrophomonas
-Oxidase pos
-Neg carbs (all)
-Growth on MAC
-Nonmotile
Moraxella
-Oxidase neg
-Neg carbs (all)
-Growth on MAC
-Nonmotile
Acinetobacter iwoffi
-Oxidase pos
-Neg carbs (all)
-Growth on MAC
-Motile
Alcaligenes
What has an Earthy odor and
Peritrichous flagella
Alcaligenes
What is pos oxidase and everything except motility?
Chyseobacterium meningosepticum
How do you seperate Bordatella bronchiseptica from Eikenella?
-Both are pos oxidase
-Both neg on all carbs
-Ekenella doesn't grow on MAC
-Eikenella isn't motile
Which nf GNB is urea pos?
Bordetella bronchiseptica
Which nf GNB is yellow?
Chryseobacterium meningosepticum
Which 5 nf GNB are NOT motile?
-Acinetobacters
-Moraxella
-Chryseobacterium mngsptcm
-Eikenella corrodens
what acronym says which are nonmotile?
MACE
Which pseudomonas is green?
aeruginosa
Which pseudomonas is yellow?
-Fluorescens
-Putida
which pseudomonas is wrinkly?
stutzeri
How do you tell P. putida and stutzeri apart?
Putida = gelatin +
Stutzeri = gelatin -
Which nf gnb is tan and smells like ammonia?
Stenotrophomonas
-Oxidase pos
-Neg carbs (all)
-Growth on MAC
-Nonmotile
Moraxella
-Oxidase neg
-Neg carbs (all)
-Growth on MAC
-Nonmotile
Acinetobacter iwoffi
-Oxidase pos
-Neg carbs (all)
-Growth on MAC
-Motile
Alcaligenes
What has an Earthy odor and
Peritrichous flagella
Alcaligenes
What is pos oxidase and everything except motility?
Chyseobacterium meningosepticum
How do you seperate Bordatella bronchiseptica from Eikenella?
-Both are pos oxidase
-Both neg on all carbs
-Ekenella doesn't grow on MAC
-Eikenella isn't motile
Which nf GNB is urea pos?
Bordetella bronchiseptica
Which nf GNB is yellow?
Chryseobacterium meningosepticum