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261 Cards in this Set

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What is the term for the stuff consisting of the computer and all the physical components connected to it?
Hardware
Name the 4 classifications that a computer's hardware falls in based on function?
1. input
2. processing
3. storage
4. output
What is the input device that typically has 2 buttons on the top and a ball on its underside that:
clicks,double clicks,right clicks,points,move a pointer across the screen, & drag to move objects across the screen?
Mouse
List the 6 functions that a mouse can perform:
1. click
2. double click
3. right click
4. point
5. move across the screen
6. drag & move objects across the screen
What is the input component that is similar to a typewriter?
keyboard
What do the Function(F1,F2,F3) keys on a keyboard do?
They can eaach execute a program-specific command
What key does the delete key share in function?
Backspace key
What does the CTRL key stand for?
Control
What 2 keys are used with other keys to execute commands?
CTRL and ALT
What keys move the insertion point?
Arrow keys
What does the ESC key do?
ESC or escape key cancels an action
Name at least 6 input devices:
1. mouse
2. keyboard
3. microphone
4. digital camera
5. scanner
6. bar code reader
What input device acts like a copier but the data is digitized?
Scanner
What input device works much like a camera but saves the image in a digital format?
digital camera
What does a microphone need to be used by a computer?
Voice recognition software
T or F
A monitor be considered an input device as well as an output device?
True
A touch screen monitor acts like an input device by accepting commands by merely touching the screen
Name 2 industries that rely on bar code readers?
1. stores
2. delivery services
When a computer consists of many devices which part is considered the actual computer?
The Central Processing Unit
What is a CPU?
The Central Processing Unit
What is the CPU also known as?
The processor
What is the term used for the set of instructions used by the CPU or processor?
Program
What is the another name for program?
Software
What is the term for the raw, unorganized details used by a computer?
data
What does a processor do?
uses a PROGRAM to process DATA in such a way that the data is converted into INFORMATION
What is the other word used for IBM -COMPATIBLE?
Clone
Name the 2 primary manufacturers of computer chips?
Intel
Advanced Micro Devices
Who is AMD?
Advanced Micro Devices
Who makes the Pentium and Celeron chips?
Intel
Who makes the Athlon chip?
AMD
Who makes the Sempron chip?
AMD
What does BIT stand for?
Binary Unit
What does CD-ROM stand for?
Compact Disc Read Only Memory
What does CD-RW stand for?
Compact Disc ReWritable
What does CD-R stand for?
Compact Disc Recordable
What does GB stand for?
Giga Byte
What does KB stand for?
Kilo Byte
What does MB stand for?
Mega Byte
What does RAM stand for?
Random Access Memory
What does ROM stand for?
Read Only Memory
What are circuit boards that can be installed to expand a system's capabilites?
expansion cards
What are sockets to plug in other devices for a computer system?
ports
What is the circuitry that connects the devices found in a computer system?
buses
What is the box the monitor typically sit on, or in the case of a tower, the box that typicaly sits on the floor?
The system unit
What is the computer system's board also called?
The motherboard
Where is the processor chip plugged into?
The computer system's board or motherboard
Name the 2 things that determine processing speed?
1. bus width
2. clock speed
What determines how many bits can be worked on simultaniously?
The bus width
What is the rate at which the system clock beats per second?
The clock speed
What is the term used for a cycles that has one million beats?
megahertz (MHz)
What is the term used for a cycle that has one billion beats?
Gigahertz (GHz)
How many cycles per second are produced by a 2 GHz machine?
2 billion cycles (beats) per second
What form is required for programs and data to be stored?
Binary form
List the 2 states that binary form describes?
1. circuit open, or
2. circuit closed, or

a. magnetic particle on a diskette is negatively charged, or
b. it is positively charged

A. pit on a CD either exists or
B. pit on a CD does not exists
What numbers are used in binary form to represent programs and data?
0 or 1
How many bit are used in varios combinations to represent each character?
8 bits
What is a byte?
a combination of 8 bits in a unique sequence
What is storage capacity measured in?
Byte
How large is a KB?
roughly 1,000 bytes
How large is a MB?
roughly 1,000,000 bytes
How large is a GB?
approx. 1 billion bytes
What does a computer need to work?
1. program
2. data
Where are the 2 places that a program and data is stored?
1. primary, and/or
2. seconday storage
What is stored in secondary storage?
programs and data not currently being used.
Which storage, primary or secondary, is considered non-volatile?
Secondary
What is the fancy word for "permanent" storage?
Non-volatile
What is meant by peramanent storage?
programs and data stored are not lost when the power is turned off.
List examples of secondary storage locations?
1. diskettes
2. hard drives
3. CD-ROMs
4. CD-RWs
5. CD-Rs
6. zip drives
7.USB drives
8. magnetic tape drives
What is another term used for diskettes?
floppy disks
How large are diskettes?
3.5"
What is the term for high-density storage devices upon which data is stored via positively or negatively charged magnetic particles on a 3.5 disk?
Floppy disks or diskettes
What is the storage capacity for a diskette?
1.44 MB (megabytes)
What is the term used to describe how much can be stored?
Capacity
What is the term used to describe how tightly bits of data are packed on a diskette?
Density
What protects the surface of a diskette and designed to automatically close to cover the recording window when the disk is extracted from the drive?
shutter mechanism
What in the disk drive accesses the disck surface?
read/write heads
How do the read/write heads in the disk drive access the floppy disk?
Thru the recording window
Where is the write-protection square located?
On the diskette, at 2 of the corners it is a square hole with a movable button
What happens when the write-protection square is open?
You can't write or save a file to the disk
What must you do to the diskette in order to write or save a file ?
You need to close the window wo that you can't see through the hole
What must you do before you can write to the floppy disk?
It must be formatted
T or F
Most diskettes are now sold already formatted.
True
What does formatting a diskette do?
1.Removes all files from the diskette,
2.divides the diskette into addressable locations
3. creates a file directory
How do you load a diskette into the floppy disk drive?
shutter-end first and label up
What is another name that is used for the floppy drive?
The A drive
What is another term for when data is being retrieved from a storage source?
Reading
What is another term for when data is being saved to a storage area?
Writing
T or F
When you are storing data onto a floppy drive, an A-drive indicator light is on and you can hear the drive running
True
T or F
Many computers are being sold today without floppy drives.
True
Beside the floppy drive, name another secondary storage source.
The hard drive
Where does the hard drive gets its name?
the hard drive utilizes hard platters that store data via positively or negatives charged magnetic spots
What is another name for the hard drive?
C-drive
T or F
The hard drive is sealed in an air-tight box in the system unit in order to prevent contaminants like dust particles from entering the crive and causing damage.
True
Is a CD-ROM a secondar or primary storage source?
Secondary
What does the term CD-ROM stand for?
Compact Disc-Read Only Memory
How is data stored on a CD?
As tiny pits burned in with a laser beam
T or F
Once the pits are burned into the surface a CD-ROM cannot be written to.
True
Who places data onto a CD-ROM?
Only the CD manufacturer
T or F
With the proper hardware, data can be saved with a CD-RW or a CD-R
True
T or F
A zip drive is similar to a floppy drive in that the data is stored on a removable medium.
True
Which is faster, a zip drive or a floppy drive?
A zip drive
What is the storage capacity for a zip drive?
100MB or 250 MB
How many floppys worth of data can be stored on a 100MB zip drive?
70
How manyu floppys worth of data can be sotred on a 250MB zip drive?
175
What is another name for a USB drive?
flash drive, keychain drive, or a mini-drive
What are the storage ranges for a USB drive?
16MB to 256MB
What is the drawback to storing data on magnetic tape?
Data is stored on the tape linearly, retrieving specific data requries that the data be retrieved in the order in which it was recorded.
When is magnetic tape used as a storage source?
When speed is not important as in backing up data.
What does ROM stand for?
Read Only Memory
Where is the set of instruction that are used to activate the machine found?
In a ROM chip which is located on the sytem board
Is ROM considered to be secondary or primary storage?
Secondary
What is RAM considered, secondary or primary?
Primary
What does RAM stand for?
Random Access Memory
What is another term given to RAM?
Memory
T or
RAM is considered to be non-volatile?
False it is considered Volatile
What is the fancy word used for temporary storage?
Volatile
What happens to programs and data stored in RAM when the power is turned off?
Programs and data is lost
What is a small block of very fast memory where frequently-used data and instructions are stored?
Cache
What extends RAM by placing parts of the progran on the hard drive and reciprocating between the hard drive and RAM as need?
Virtual memory
What are the soft copy sources for output from a computer system?
Monitors
What are considered to be the hard copy sources for output from the computer system?
Printers.
List the 2 basic types of monitors:
1. CRT (Cathode Ray Tube
2. flat panel
What type of monitor is commonly used in a laptop configuration?
flat panel
What is the important consideration when deciding on a monitor?
Resolution or clarity.
What is the determining factor inonon resolution for the image produced by the monitor?
Density of the pixels
What are the thousands of small dots the create the image on the monitor's screen?
Pixels
T or F
The less pixels per square inch of screen space, the higher the density ad subsequently the better the resolution.
Fasle
The MORE pixels per square inch, the better the resolution.
Name 2 other factors that influence the resolution of the image on the monitor's screen in addition to the density of the pixels
1. the dot pitch
2. refresh rate
What is the term for the distance between pixels on the monitor's screen?
dot pitch
What is the term given to the number of times per second that the image is reconstructed on the monitor's screen?
refresh rate
What is the dot pitch measured in for the monitor's screen?
Hertz or Hz
How many times is the screen recreated if the refresh rate is 80 Hz?
80 times per second
T or F
A large dot pitch and a slow refresh rate will provide a sharper picture?
False
A small dot pitch and a rapid refresh rate will provide a sharper picture.
Name the 3 basic types of printers:
1. ink-jet
2. dot-matrix
3. laser
What type of printer constructs characters on the paper by striking the ribbon with pins hat form the characters and like a typewriter, it produces characters by physically striking th ribbon?
Dot-matrix
What type of printers sparys a mist of ink to form the characters?
ink-jet
What type of printers utilize a laser beam to form the characters?
laser printer.
T or F
A printer or any other device that is in communication with a computer is said to offline.
False.
It is said to be ONLINE.
input or
processing or
storage or
output

BAR CODE READER
INPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

CD-ROM
STORAGE
input or
processing or
storage or
output

CD-RW
STORAGE
input or
processing or
storage or
output

CELERON CHIP
PROCESSING
input or
processing or
storage or
output

CRT MONITOR
OUTPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

DIGITAL CAMERA
INPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

DISKETTE
STORAGE
input or
processing or
storage or
output

DOT-MATRIX PRINTER
OUTPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

FLAT PANEL MONITOR
OUTPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

HARD DRIVE
PROCESSING
input or
processing or
storage or
output

INK-JET PRINTER
OUTPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

KEYBOARD
INPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

LASER PRINTER
OUTPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

MAGNETIC TAPE
STORAGE
input or
processing or
storage or
output

MICROPHONE
INPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

SEMPRON CHIP
PROCESSING
input or
processing or
storage or
output

MOUSE
INPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

PENTIUM CHIP
PROCESSING
input or
processing or
storage or
output

SCANNER
INPUT
input or
processing or
storage or
output

ZIP DISK
STORAGE
What is a program that is designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks?
application software
What device is any type of hardware capable of transmitting data, instructions, and information between a sending device and receiving device?
Communication device
What is an electronic device,operating under the control instruction stored in it own memory, that can accept data, process the data according to specified rules, produce results, and store the resutlrs for future use?
Computer
What is the knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses?
Computer literacy
What is the term that refers to the use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly. This technology is used to reduce product development costs, shorten a product's time to market,and stay ahead of the competition?
CAM or Computer-Aided Manufacturing
What is the collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers, images, audio, and video?
Data
What is a computer designed so the system unit, input devicdes, output devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table?
Desktop Computer
What is a specialized computer that functions as a component in a larger product?
Embedded Computer
What are FAQs?
Frequently Asked Questions
What does GUI mean?
Graphically User Interface
What is a GUI?
Graphically User Interface- it is a type of user interface that allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images, such as icons
What is a computer small enough to fit in one hand?
Handheld Computer
What are electric, electronic, and mechanical components contained in a computer?
Hardware
Who is a user who spends time on a computer at home?
Home User
What is processed data that conveys meaning and is useful to people?
Information
What is any hardware component that allows users to enter data and instructions into a computer?
Input Device
What is the process of setting up softwaqre to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware components?
Installing (software)
What is the worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals?
Internet
What is the term for mobile devices that can connect to the Internet wirelessly?
Internet Enabled?
What is the other name for a laptop computer?
Notebook computer
What is a portable personal computer designed to fit on a user's lap?
Labtop Computer
Who is a computer user working for a business that has hundreds or thousands of employees in offices across a region, the country, or the world?
Large Business User
What is a large, expensive, powerful coputer that can handle hudreds or thousands of connected users simultaneously, storing tremendous amounts of data, instructions, and information
Mainframe
What is a server that is more powerful and larger than a workstation coputer, typically supporting several hundred and sometimes up to a few thousand connected computers at the same time?
Midrange Server
Mobile UsersWhat is a personal computer that a user can cary fron place to place?
Mobile Computer
What is a computing device small enough for a user to hold in his or her hand?
Mobile Device
Who are users who work on a computer while away from a main office or school?
Mobile Users
What is a collection of computers and devices connected together via communications devices and transmission media, allowing computers to share resources?
Network
What is a portable, personal computer designed to fit on a user's lap?
Notebook Computer
What describes the state of a computer when it is connected to a network?
Online
What is the online connection to a bank's computer to access account balances, pay bills, and copy monthly transactios to a user's computer?
Online Banking
What is the use of a computer to buy and sell stocks and bonds online, without using a broker?
Online Investing
What is any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people?
Output Device
What is a PDA?
Personal Digital Assistant
What does a PDA do?
One of the more popular lightweight mobile devices in use today, providing personal organizer functions
What is a PC
Personal Computer
What does a PC do?
A Computer that can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activitie by itself and contains a processor, memory, one or more input and output devices, and storage devices.
What is a photo sharing community?
a WEb site that allows users to create an online photo album and store their electronic photographs.
Who is a user who requires the capabilities of a workstation or other powerful computer, typically working with mulitmedia applications and using industry-specific software?
Power User
What is a series of instructions that tells a computer what to do and how to do it?
Program
What is the process of using software?
Running
What is a SOHO?
Small Office/Home Office
What does a SOHO do?
describes an company with fewer than 50 employees, as well as the self-employed who work from home.
What is an Internet-enabled telephone tht usually also provides PDA capabilities?
Smart Phone
What is a Smart Watch?
An Internet-enabled watch
What is a series of instruction that tells a computer what to do and h9ow to do it?
Software
What is the location in which data, instructions,and information are held for future use?
Storage Device
What is the pysical material on which a computer keeps data, instructions, and information?
Storage Media
What is the fastest, most powerful, and mot expensive computer, capable of processing mor than 100 trillion instructions in a single second?
Super Computer
What are programs thst control or maintain the operations of a computer and its devices?
System Software
What is the case that contains the electroni components of a computer that are used to process data
System Unit
What is a special type of notebook computer that resembles a letter-sized slate, which allows a user to write on the screen using a digital pen?
Table PC
What type of work arrangement in shich emplouyees work away from a company's standard workplace?
Telecommuting
Who is anyone who communicates with a conmputer or utilizes the information it generagtes?
User
What is the worldwide collection of electronic documents called Web pages, the Web is one of the more popular services on the Internet?
Web
What is another name for the World Wide Web?
The Web
What is the electronic document on the Web, which can containtext, graphics, audio and video and often ahs built=in connections to other documents, graqphics, WEb pages, or Web sites?
Web page
What is a computer on a network that requests resources from the server?
Client
What is the trend of offering similar functions that make it increasingly difficult to differentiate between two similar mobile devices?
Convergence
What is the input device that allows users to write or draw on the screen by pressing the pen and issue instructions to a Table PC by tapping on the screen?
Digital Pen
What is short for electronic commerce, a business transaction conducted over the Web?
E-Commerce
What is the use of coputers in networks, such as LANS and WANs or a series of interconnected networks that encompass a viareity of different operating systems, protocols, and network architectures?
Enterprise Computing
What is the process of a computer carrying out the instructions in a program?
Execute
What is the computing phrase that points out the accuracy of a computer's output depends on the accuracy ot the input.
Garbage in, garbage out
What are computers small enough to fit in one hand?
Handhelds
What is another term for handheld computers?
handhelds
What is a computer small enough to fit in one hand?
Handtop Computer
What is the miniature image displayed on a comupter screen that represents a program, an instruction, a document, or some other object?
Icon
What is the series of input, process, output, and storage activities performed by a computer?
Information Processing Cycle
What is the collection of hardware, software, data, people , and procedures that work together to produce quality information?
Information system
What does ITD mean?
Information Technology Department
What is the name of the department in most medium and large businesses responsible for keeping computers and networks, running smoothly?
Information Technology Department
What are the steps that tell the computer how to perform a particular task?
Instructions
What is a freestanding computer usually with a touch screen, used by some businessesin public locations?
Kiosk
What is the process of a computer copying a progrqam from storage to memory?
Load
What is the electronic components in a computer that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions?
Memory
What is any application that combines text, graphics, audio, and video?
Multimeida
What is the system that attempts to imitate the behavior of the human body?
Neural Network
What does OS stand for?
Operating system
What is the set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer hardware devices?
Operating system
What is any personal computer based on the original IBM personal computer design?
PC-Compatible
What is one of the more popular lightweight mobile devices in use today, providing personal organizer functions?
Personal Digital Assistant
What does PDA stand for?
Personal Digital Assistant
What is the electronic component on a computer's motherboard that interprets and caqrries out the basic instrucion that operate the computer. Also called a CPU.
Processor
Who is the person who writes and modifies computer programs?
Programmer
What is another name for a programmer?
Developer
What is the process of creaqting a WEb page and making it available on the Internet for others to see?
Publish
What is the name for hardware, sofgtware, data, and information shared using a network?
Resources
What is the name for a computer that controls access to the hardware, software, and other resources on a network and provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and information?
Server
What is a small metal or plastic device that looks like a ball-point pen, but uses pressure instead of ink to write, draw or make selections?
Stylus
What is the term for the wireless communications capabilities used in automobiles, including navigation systems and Internet Access?
Telematics
What is the form of long-distance health care where healthcare professionals i separate locations conduct live conferences on the computer?
Telemedicine
What is the tall and narrow system unit that can sit on the floor vertically if desktop space is limited?
Tower
What is the type of sytem software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually reltated to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs?
Utility Program
What is the name for a video camera that displays its output on a WEb page?
Web cam
A diskette uses what kind of mechanism which is designed to automatically clo9se to cover thre recofrding window when the disk is extracted from the device?
Shutter mechanism
What action causes the mouse to move objects on the screen?
hold the left button and DRAG the mouse
What is another name for memory?
Permanent Storage
What device is similar to a floppy drive but is faster and has a higher storage cpacity?
Zip drive
What is the name for the circuitry connecting devices in a computer system?
Buses
What is the other term for turning on the computer?
Boot-up
What type of monitor is commonly used on laptops?
Flat panel
What determine how many bits can be workd on simultaneously by the computer?
Bus width
What type of memory extends RAM by placing parts of the program on the hard drive and reciprocating between the hard drive and RAM as needed?
Virtual Memory