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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ornithine transcarbamoylase converts _____ and _____ to _____.
ornithine and carbamoyl phosphate to citrulline
What enzyme adds carbamoyl phosphate to ornithine, forming citrulline?
ornithine transcarbamoylase
Arginosuccinate synthetase coverts _____ and _____ to _____.
citrulline and aspartate to argininosuccinate
What enzyme combines aspartate and citrulline?
Argininosuccinate synthetase
What enzyme breaks argininosuccinate up into arginine and fumarate?
Argininosuccinate lyase
Argininosuccinate lyase converts ____ to _____ and ______.
Argininosuccinate to fumarate and arginine
Arginase converts ______ to ______ and ______.
Arginine to urea and ornithine
What enzyme breaks arginine up into ornithine and urea?
arginase
Glutamine synthetase adds _____ to _____, forming ______.
ammonia to glutamate, forming glutamine
What enzyme synthesizes glutamine from glutamate and ammonia?
Glutamine synthetase
What enzyme removes an ammonia molecule from glutamine, forming glutamate?
glutaminase
Glutaminase converts ____ to ___ and ____.
glutamine to glutamate and ammonia
What enzyme transfers an amino group from amino acids to alpha-ketoglutarate, forming glutamate?
aminotransferase
Aminotransferase transfers an amino group from _____ to _____, forming _______.
amino acids to alpha-ketoglutarate, forming glutamate
What enzyme removes a molecule of ammonia from glutamate, forming alpha-ketoglutarate?
glutamate dehydrogenase
Glutamate dehydrogenase converts _____ to _____ and _____.
glutamate to alpha-ketoglutarate and ammonia
what enzyme adds ammonia to bicarbonate, forming carbamoyl phosphate?
carbamoyl phosphate synthetase
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase synthesizes ______ from ____ and ____.
carbamoyl phosphate from ammonia and bicarbonate
What enzyme do some bacteria use to fix nitrogen?
nitrogenase
Nitrogenase converts ___ to ___.
nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3)
Nitrite reductase converts ______ to ______.
ammonia (NH3) to nitrite (NO2-)
Nitrate reductase converts ______ to _____.
nitrite (NO2-) to nitrate (NO3-)