Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/37

Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hebrew and supersession
following Jesus supercedes Isreal
Jesus is the great high priest with sacrifice at the temple
-in a complete movement against mainstream Judaism
Purpose of Hebrew
-word of exhortation for a deeper relationship beyond elementary
---> extended midrash: interpretation of other biblical text by stringing together other biblical text
ex: saying Christ is high priest of Melchizedeck (means king of justice). does not die-king eternal therefore author is saying that Jesus does not die.

IF JESUS IS THE ONLY WAY--> parting of the ways
importance of Hebrews 11 and 12
-Jesus replaces Jewish way
-what these holy people did was more important then where they came from (faith gives glory to God)

-Jesus perfects the faith of all of the historic Jewish figures because he is pioneer and perfecter.
3rd generation of leaders
moves from sect to church

brings about the apostolic father of the 2nd 3rd and 4th generations

they write to correct, Exhort, Worship, Lead, and Doctrine. Oppose to before which was to inform.

right from a leadership structure on 'right belief' opposed to Paul's idea of imitating Christ
Epistle of Barnabas
From the 2nd century(70-130)--> not authentic
use to chill with Paul but separated at Antioch

see it being read by Clement of Alex (200) and in Codex Sinaiticus (5th century)

is a supersecionist writing of life of Christ.
--> it is sinful for us and Jews to be right
--> covanent made with moses is smashed so Jesus can come
--> maintains the 2 ways (light vs. dark)
--> think Jesus is returning soon
Didache
means 'teaching'
written around 100-140 in Syria (related to Matthew)

has detailed rules for prayer and how to do Eucharist.
tells people to fast on Wed. and Fri.

Christian version of 2 path--> life(light) vs. death (dark)

BASICALLY HOW TO RUN CHURCH!
Clement of Rome
(1 Clement written 100-120) written in Rome but talks about leadership in church at Corinth and Greece
--is found in the Codex Alexandria (400)

-no awareness of new testament authority (only Paul)
The Shepherd of Hermas
leader in Rome
Christians are expected to live sinless lives (w/one shot at repentance then your out)

written form of Apologytic genre(vision from God (authority)

found in both Meriatorian (200-235) cannon and Codex Sinaiticus (400)
Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius was arrested and on his way to be martyred in rome he wrote 7 letters.

the word Christian has become more common place
little awareness of NT writings

gains authority through embodiment of Christ suffering. Charismatic leader
Christianity in 2nd century vs 1st century
2nd century: -name christian more common -no reference to canonical writings (LXX is still scripture) -authority via claim of embodiment of Christ sufferings (martyr=witness) - resisting Roman power -false teachings (i.e. Docetic etc..) -proper hierarchy

1st century: -acceptance of Gentiles -new apocalyptic views -embodying Christ -temple destroyed.
Hebrew and supersession
following Jesus supercedes Isreal
Jesus is the great high priest with sacrifice at the temple
-in a complete movement against mainstream Judaism
Purpose of Hebrew
-word of exhortation for a deeper relationship beyond elementary
---> extended midrash: interpretation of other biblical text by stringing together other biblical text
ex: saying Christ is high priest of Melchizedeck (means king of justice). does not die-king eternal therefore author is saying that Jesus does not die.

IF JESUS IS THE ONLY WAY--> parting of the ways
importance of Hebrews 11 and 12
-Jesus replaces Jewish way
-what these holy people did was more important then where they came from (faith gives glory to God)

-Jesus perfects the faith of all of the historic Jewish figures because he is pioneer and perfecter.
3rd generation of leaders
moves from sect to church

brings about the apostolic father of the 2nd 3rd and 4th generations

they write to correct, Exhort, Worship, Lead, and Doctrine. Oppose to before which was to inform.

right from a leadership structure on 'right belief' opposed to Paul's idea of imitating Christ
Epistle of Barnabas
From the 2nd century(70-130)--> not authentic
use to chill with Paul but separated at Antioch

see it being read by Clement of Alex (200) and in Codex Sinaiticus (5th century)

is a supersecionist writing of life of Christ.
--> it is sinful for us and Jews to be right
--> covanent made with moses is smashed so Jesus can come
--> maintains the 2 ways (light vs. dark)
--> think Jesus is returning soon
Didache
means 'teaching'
written around 100-140 in Syria (related to Matthew)

has detailed rules for prayer and how to do Eucharist.
tells people to fast on Wed. and Fri.

Christian version of 2 path--> life(light) vs. death (dark)

BASICALLY HOW TO RUN CHURCH!
Clement of Rome
(1 Clement written 100-120) written in Rome but talks about leadership in church at Corinth and Greece
--is found in the Codex Alexandria (400)

-no awareness of new testament authority (only Paul)
The Shepherd of Hermas
leader in Rome
Christians are expected to live sinless lives (w/one shot at repentance then your out)

written form of Apologytic genre(vision from God (authority)

found in both Meriatorian (200-235) cannon and Codex Sinaiticus (400)
Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius was arrested and on his way to be martyred in rome he wrote 7 letters.

the word Christian has become more common place
little awareness of NT writings

gains authority through embodiment of Christ suffering. Charismatic leader
Christianity in 2nd century vs 1st century
2nd century: -name christian more common -no reference to canonical writings (LXX is still scripture) -authority via claim of embodiment of Christ sufferings (martyr=witness) - resisting Roman power -false teachings (i.e. Docetic etc..) -proper hierarchy

1st century: -acceptance of Gentiles -new apocalyptic views -embodying Christ -temple destroyed.
Polycarp of Smyrna
Polycarp is the head of a church in Turkey and became a martyr
--> wrote to Phil. (church that paul started 200 years before)

gave advice about things in the congregation and sent some ignatious letters
What is happening in the Jewish Community during the 2nd century?
The Rabbi's try to come up with thier own cannon ant Jamina (90 to mid 2nd century)
pling the Teenger
A roman writer who was sophisticated and educated. Wrote letters of what he found in Imperal Providence. Especially in relation to social dischord

--> emperor says dont persecute, but defend loyalty to the Emperor


There was no officail/legal prohibition to practicing Christianity at the Empire level--> more from local against leaders

-their commitment to one God is what got them in trouble.
Bar Kochba Revolt
(132-135) a man claiming to be the Jewish messiah, which created tension w/christians because it looked like they were not supportive (because couldnt follow another messiah)

--caused Rome to break down on Jews again.
Church as an institution
created official titles with official responsibility

-episkopas "overseers"--> bishop
-presbyteres "elders" --> priest
-diakones "servent" --> deacon
2 types of movements in leadership during the 3rd century?
institution with 3 tear hierarchy set by appointment

vs. charismatic movement built on living out Christ'd suffering

(need to be chosen for your martyrdom)
Key Factors leading to 3rd generation organization
1.) set up structure for church to continue
2.) Connection to orginals has broken
3.) Have a system to state what is okay to teach
4.) Make sure that the government and public knows we are not dangerous
5.) supersession ideas
Christian tradition in Egypt
more gnostic christian tradition (enlighten by knowledge)

teachers became the key because they had this knowledge.
Marcin
decided rthat the God of the Jews is an inferior God and the God of Jesus is redeemer.

did not think that Jewish scripture was authoritative becasue God made inferior reation. His scripture was paul's letters and parts of Luke.
believed in Christ as a scriptural being( Dosetic)

makes several cannon lists

he is a huge reason for a cannon of teachable readings
Acts of Paul and Thecla
Thecla sets up a community of women who live a rigid, ascetic life of fasting, chastity, and piousness.

NOT very accomidating
Why is 2nd century important?
-Bar Kovah Revolt (130)
-developing church hierarchy--> cannon
-Jews est. their own cannon--> separate
-supersession- Jesus takes over what the Jews had
-Christians try to accommodate so culture thinks that they are not a threat, while Jesus try to stay culturally isolated
-Jews make christians curse themselves because Jesus had started to sound less like monotheistic.
1, 2, 3 John
Hospitality after they confess Jesus in flesh

band together to oppose docetic
Pastoral Epistles
1,2 TIm. and Titus

written in the name of Paul
domesticate and tame Paul's ideas.
Clement of Alexandra
writes about the activity of going to church (church becomes a place. moved from a people to cosmic and now a place)

-also states that women start to wear viels
Archaeological finds in Dura-Europa
-Baptismal font created for a specific function
-next to a synagogue, Persian Temple, and a roman temple
-raised platform at one end for reading authoritative tests
-drawings of new testament Figures
Tatian
wrote the Diatesserou which is an attempt to harmonize matt, mark, luke, and john.

try to bring together confusion as he edited the stories into one coherentstory.

but did not leave room for the great diversity within the church that had already been created.
Irenaeus of Lyon
talks about creating the heart of the gospel=rule of faith. Which is similar to the later invention of the creed.