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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any doctrine concerning the end of the temporal world
The branch of theology that is concerned with the end of the world or of humankind
The act of rising from the dead or returning to life
the first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation
group of schools(thoughts, study)
priest(headlong in Judiasm
people with apocalyptic views, produced the Dead Sea Scrolls
jewish establishment destroyed in 1st centruy
jewish house of worship
explaination for one's belief or practices
place near dead sea, where the dead sea scrolls discovered in 1946
a group of Galilean Jews who fled to Jerusalem during the uprising against Rome in 66-70 CE.
"presence" or "coming" used as a technical term to refer to the second coming of jesus in judgment at the end of time
an agreement or treaty between two social or political parties that have come to terms; used by anicent jews in reference to the pact that god made to protect and preserve them in exchange for devotion to his laws
ancient jewish writings discovered in several caves near the dead sea. widely used by the apoclyptic essenes
Dead Sea Scrolls
understood sin to be a cosmic force that enslaved people; salvation came by participating in christ's death through baptism
Participationist Model
salvation is comparable to a legal decision, in which God, who is both lawmaker and judge, treats humans as "not guilty" for committing acts of transgression against his law, his death has been accepted as a payment
Judicial model
a group of ancient heresies, stressing escape from this world through the acquisition of esoteric knowledge
the doctrine that there are two independent divine beings or eternal principles, one good and the other evil.
that a person is "made right" with god by trusting in the effects of Christs death, rather than by doing the works prescribed by the Jewish law
understood by the highly eduacted upper classes as an excessive fear of the gods that drove a person to be excessively scrupulous in trying to avoid their displeasure
all of the lands conquered by Rome and ruled,
Roman Empire
the translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, so named because of a tradition that seventy jewish scholars had produced it
jewish apocalyptic prophet who predicted the parting or the Jordan Riverand, evidently the reconquest of the Promised Land by the chosen people
"daggermen" a designation for a group of first-century jews responible for the assassination of jewish aristocrats thought to have collaborated w/ the Romans
a Christian festival celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorating the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the apostles
bearing a false or fictitious name
the view that Jesus was not a human being but only appeared to be, from a greek word meaning "to seem" or "to appear"
adherence to moral and ethical principles; soundness of moral character; honesty.
everything in a chapter written by the same person
one of the apostolic letters in the New Testament.
incomprehensible speech in an imaginary language, sometimes occurring in a trance state, an episode of religious ecstasy, or schizophrenia.
a person who is put to death or endures great suffering on behalf of any belief
one who is commissioned to perform a task. designate special emissaries of the faith who were understood to be representatives of christ
Jewish general and historian who took part in the Jewish revolt against the Romans
Flavius Josephus
Roman historian whose major work, Lives of the Caesars, is an account of the lives of the first 12 Roman emperors.
Roman public official and historian whose two greatest works, Histories and Annals, concern the period from the death of Augustus (A.D. 14) to the death of Domitian
Roman writer and nephew of Pliny the Elder; author of books of letters that commented on affairs of the day (62-113)
Pliny the Younger
famous jewish religious leader live in Jerusalem during King Herod
king of jews, appointed by Rome
Herod the Great
son of herod the great, wanted to be king and killed many people, crazy man
Herod Antipas
the immoralities or supposed crimes that early Christians were persecuted for
wife of Abraham, couldn't have children so she let her slave HAgar mate with Abraham
she was the slave of Sarah and sarah let her be with her husband Abraham to have childen becasuse she couldn't
a jewish apocalyptic prophet of the first century CE who predicted the destruction of the walls of jerusalem mentioned by Josephus
the egyptian
split christianity from judaism, didnt have to be one to follow a certain way,, circumcision and kosher neither necessary, dont eat blood of the animals
Jerusalem Council
gentiles that adopted the Jewish faith with their code of morality and attended synagogue services, but who were not full converts and didnt want to submit to circumcision
used to determine if information is historical
criteria of Authenticity
need to find in 2 independent source for it to be historical
Independent Attestation
if saying or vent is strange, but still in gospel material, historical
criterion of dissimilarity
must fit into a 1st century Palestinian context in order for it to be regarded as authentic
criterion of contextual credibility