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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a Canon?
An official list of authoritative texts
What was he most conspicuous Jewish institution in the late first century?
What is Hellenization?
The spread of Greek culture throughout the know world. (Alexander the Great)
What did Antiochus IV do after he failed to conquer Egypt?
Outlawed Judaism, Sacrificed a pig in the temple, Forced Greek culture on Jews, Burned torah scrolls, Looted the Jewish Temple
By 63 B.C. Judea/Jerusalem and Galilee were ruled by who? (2)
Client Kings or Roman Governors
What is the Mishnah?
Oral tradition of the Jews that was written down in 200-250 C.E.
Who became the leaders of the Jewish people after 70 A.D.?
How did they view the Jewish Story?
How did Pharisees view the Jewish story?
Longed for the fulfillment of God’s promises
Believed that a completely pure Israel would bring about the fulfillment of God’s promises
A Jewish home/life should be an extension of the Jewish temple. What are some implications of this?
Demanded strict Torah observance!
Valued the prophets, writings and oral tradition, along with the Torah
Believed in the resurrection of the dead, angels/demons, heave/hell, etc
Non-political—though popular with the people
Largest sect: 6,000 members in Palestine
What reclusive community may have influenced John the Baptist?
The Essenes
Define Eschatology/Eschatological
Refers to the events that occur at the end of human history
Which of the gospels are called the Synoptic Gospels?
Matthew, Mark, and Luke
What is a "passion" narrative?
A narrative refering to Jesus' arrest, trial, and death.
What two gospels have birth narratives?
Matthew and Luke
The "Sermon on the mount" is located in what book?
Which of the gospels lack exorcisms?
Who was Roman Governor during Jesus' Trial?
Pontius Pilate
Where was it decided that Gentiles did not have to live like law abiding Jews?
The Jerusalem Council
What is The Day of Pentecost? And where is the story located?
The day that God poured out the Holy Spirit on the Church. Acts
What party was Paul part of?
What was Paul's primary identity to the Gentiles?
Early church tradition claims that ___(1)____ conducted a 4th missionary journey that is not reported in the book of __(2)___ .
1. Paul
2. Acts
What are letters that are attributed to Paul but might not have been written by him called?
Deutero-Pauline Letters
What is a Theme in both Romans and Galatians?
Justification by Faith
Define Incarnation.
God taking on human form
Philippians includes a hymn that praises -
Christ for his self-emptying and his glorious exaltation
What is the genre of Revelation?
Apocalyptic Literature
The Romans destroyed the Jewish temple in ____
70 A.D.
According to ancient manuscripts where did Mark's gospel end?
With an empty tomb
What was the common language used for commerce in the Roman Empire?
What was the main theme of Jesus' parables?
The nature of the Kingdom of God
Roman Law, the Pax Romana, Roman Roads and Greek language, all helped in the spread of _____
the Gospel
Where is the church at Philippi located?
A Roman colony in Greece - Settled by Romans with many Roman citizens
What group of people are given more prominence in Philippi?
Where was the first Pauline church planted in Europe?
Who was imprisoned in Philippi?
Paul and Silas
What two groups of people made up the church of Philippi?
Jewish and Gentile converts
What are the 4 theological themes of Philippians?
1. The need for humility among believers.
2. A call to joyful living despit one's circumstances
3. Confidence in Christ alone (no confidence in one's own accomplishments)
4. A high Christology (Jesus as preexistent and sharing the glory)
What are 4 features of the heresy in the church at Colossae?
1. Seems to be some mix of pagan and Jewish components
2. Feared being controlled by unseen supernatural beings
3. Asceticism and Jewish rituals
4. Quite likely that the ascetic practices and the observance of rituals were seen as a way to appease or control the unseen powers and authorities.
Christology as a Response:
Supernatural powrs
Christ is the unique agent of God, in whom all of God's fullness dwells
Christology as a Response:
Christ created all powers-invisible and visible
Christology as a Response:
Defeat of all other powers was made complete through -
Christ's death on the cross.
Christology as a Response:
Unseen powers
"Stop worrying about them -Christ who is in you is far superior"
Christology as a Response:
Vitory over all powers and authorities is through -
union with Christ
Why is Pauline authorship of Ephesians disputed? (3 Reasons)
1. Striking similarities to Colossians
2. Radically different grammatical style
3. Absence of a personal touch, common in Paul's letters
Who was the intended audience of Ephesians?
The letter has a general audience/ not a specific one - the lack of personal greetings is consistent with this conclusion.
True or Faulse:
Ephesians may have been a circulating letter meant for all churches.
What do we know about the author of Hebrews? (5 Things)
1. Had an excellent Greek education.
2. Well versed in the Greek OT
3. Acquainted with Timothy
4. Didn't receive the Gospel first hand from the Lord.
5. Paul was not the author.
Who are some possible authors of Hebrews? (4)
Barnabas, Luke, Apollos, Clement of Rome
Who was the audience of Hebrews? Traditional Position
"Hebrews" or Judean Jews
Who was the audience of Hebrews? Current Position
Culturally Hellenistic
What was the occasion/purpose of Hebrews?
Response to a crisis of faith, which created a threat of believers walking away.
What is the Christology of Hebrews? (2)
1. High view of Christ
2. Strongly affirms Christ's humanity
What was the purpose of 1 Timothy and Titus?
To pass on pastoral instruction to Paul's disciples who are now leading churches
What specific instructions were given for writing 1 Timothy and Titus? (4)
1. Church Structure
2. Addressing False Teachers
3. Addressing community behavior
4. Instruction of public worship/place of women in the church. (Timothy only)
What is the purpose of 2 Timothy?
Paul is urging Timothy to visit him one las time/ passing on his last words to Timothy
Where was 2 Timothy written?
Rome. Paul was imprisoned there facing death
Who is the author of James?
Text claims to be written by James (Jacob). But which one? (It's a common name)
Who are some possible "James'" that may have written James? (4)
1. James the brother of John
2. James the son of Alpheus
3. James the brother of Jesus
4. Some other James
What are some features of James? (5)
1. Reflects elements of Jewish Wisdom Lit.
2. Is technically a letter, but lacks a specific audience
3. Shaes similarities with Matthew's "Sermon on the Mount"
4. Has very little theology
5. Christology is absent from the letter
What 4 subjects does James contain?
1. Concern for the poor and critique of the rich
2. Instruction regarding suffering, trials, and temptations
3. The relationship of faith and works
4. Faults that divide Christian communities
True or False:
1,2,3 John were all written by different athors.
False, the ame author wrote all three letters.
Why is John the Apostle linked with the three "letters" of John?
Because of similarities with the Gospel of John
Most scholars think that the author if the "letters" of John also wrote -
The Gospel of John
True or False:
The "letters" of John are attributed to someone named John
False, none of the letter are attributed to a John
What are the Major themes of 1,2,3 John? (5)
1. Jesus' coming in flesh is a response to docetism
2. Sin is not normative for God's Children
3. Love of God and others
4. Jesus' death as an atonement for sin
5. Overcoming/Victory in Jesus Christ
Who is the author of 1,2 Peter?
(Simon) Peter the Apostle
-Some doubt
Who is the author of Jude?
Claimed to be written by Jude (Judas) - Possible brother of Jesus
-Authorship is disputed
What are the major themes of 1 Peter? (4)
1. Afirmation of Christian Identity
2. Appropriate behavior for bearing witness in a pagan world
3. Faithfulness in the face of persecution and harassment
4. Concern for spiritual maturity
What are the major themes of Jude? (3)
1. Concern for the presence of false believers
2. Judgment of teh wicked is certain
3. The message/Gospel passed on by the Apostles is all that is needed
What are the major themes of 2 Peter? (4)
1. The delay of Chris's 2nd coming
2. Certainty of judgment for the wicked
3. Response to False teachers
4. desire for godliness among believers
What are the features of Apocalyptic Literature? (7)
1. Heavenly being to a human being
2. Highly symbolic
3. Potrays judgment of the wicked
4. portrays cosmic realities
5.written under a pseudonym
6. Often has narrative elements
7. address past, present, and future realities
Who is the author of John?
Claims to be written by "John"
-Which John?
What are the major themes of Revelation? (6)
1. Call to faithful desipleship
2. Judgment for the unfaithful
3. Blessings for the faithful
4. Deity of Christ
5. God as sovereign, creator, holy, almighty
6. Praise and worship