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12 Cards in this Set

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Parathesia
Abnormal sensation such as numbness, tingling, or burning
Hyperesthesia
Abnormal sensitivity to sensation
Paresis
slight or partial paralysis
hemispheric lateralization
cortical functions are controlled by either the left or the right hemisphere
Ataxia
a condition which involves slurred speech, severe tremors, and a loss of balance
Septum
part of the limbic system

inhibits emotionality

Lesions of the septum in animals cause "septal-rage syndrome" - hyperemotionality and vicious behavior
Pseudopsychopathy
Casued by damage to the frontal lobe

involves sexual disinhibition, coarse language, peculiar and facetious sense of humor, inappropriate social behavior, and lack of concern for others
Frontal Lobe Personality
caused by damage fo the frontal lobe

involves depressive syndrome or verbal output, and inability to plan and focus attention
Temporal lobe epilepsy
personality syndrome characterized by deepening or intensifying of emotions, preoccupations, "viscosity" - social clinging or a tendency to dwell on details.
Gertsmann's syndrome
Lesions in the dominant (usually left) parietal lobe - characterized by agraphia, aculculia, left-right disorientation, and finger agnosia
Hemisphere damage
Left hemisphere damage - clinical depression or intense anxiety reactions

Right hemisphere damage - apathy and indifference, with occasional exaggerated but short-live emotional responses
Arcuate fasciculus
connects the Broca's area and the Wernicke's area. Lesions can cause conduction aphasia - speaks fluently and comprehends, but cannot repeat with they hear.