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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
inflammation of the dura (rare)
pachymeningitis
inflammation of the arachnoid and pia
leptomeningitis
generalized inflammation of the spinal cord parenchyma
myelitis
inflammation of nerve roots
radiculitis/radiculopathy
inflammation of peripheral nerves
neuritis/neuropathy
inflammation of ventricles or ventricular lining
ependymitis
Purulent reactions with PMNs and necrosis are associated with what infectious agent?
bacterial agents
Granulomatous reactions are associated with what infectious agent?
fungal agents
Lymphocytic response is associated with what infectious agent?
viral agent
Damage to brain parenchyma is known as....
gliosis
Damage to meninges is known as....
fibrosis
What is the cause?
Located epidural & subdural abscess/empyema.
Bacterial (Mostly streptococcus & staphylococcus)
What are the 3 types of meningitis?
1.Acute pyogenic
2.Acute lymphocytic
3.Chronic
What is a classic sign of meningitis?
Nuchal rigidity
What's the cause?
1.multiple widespread areas of involvement
2.tropism
3.perivascular cuffing
4.inclusion bodies
5.glial nodules
6.increase protein, varying numbers of lymphocytes
7.immunosuppressed individual
-Usually viral (toxoplasmosis, rickettsia)
-Encephalitis & Encephalomyelitis
Whats the cause?
1.The most common type of non-epidemic encephalitis
2.Amenable to acyclovir therapy
3.RBCs present in CSF
4.olfactory hallucinations due to temporal lobe involvement
5.Frontal and Temporal lobes as well as cingulated gyrus
HSV encephalitis
What are the usual etiologic agents of intracerebral abscess?
1.Pyogenic bacteria (strep & staph)
2.Granuloma
What is characterized by:
1.Inner, central area of liquefactive necrosis
2.Area of inflammatory cells and fibrosis
3.Area of proliferating vessels and edema
4.Outer layer of reactive gliosis
Intracerebral Abscess
What is the etiologic agent of CNS Syphilis?
T. pallidum
Meningovasculitis, General Paresis, and Tabes Dorsalis are characteristics of what?
CNS syphilis