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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Components of the Basal Ganglia
Striatum: Caudate and Putamen (Neostriatum)
Pallidum: Globus Pallidus External and Internal
Subthalamic Nucleus
Substantia Nigra: Pars Compacta and Pars Reticulata
Ventral Tegmental Area
Substantia Nigra location, subsections, and functions of subsections
Pars Compacta (SNc): dorsal portion; dopaminergic
Pars Reticulata (SNr): ventral portion; GABAergic cells
Describe the parallel loops of the basal ganglia
Parallel Loops of the Basal Ganglia
Name the different nuclei of the basal ganglia and their associated neurotransmitter
Caudate: GABA
Globus Pallidus Interna: GABA
Globus Pallidus Externa: GABA
Putamen: GABA
Substantia Nigra Compacta: Dopamine
Substantia Nigra Reticulata: GABA
Subthalamic Nucleus: Glutamate
List the Major Efferent Pathways of the Basal Ganglia
Striatum: Globus Pallidus and SNr
Globus Pallidus: VA/VL thalamus and subthalamic (GPe)
Subthalamic Nucleus: GPi and SNr
Substantia Nigra: Striatum (SNc) and Thalamus, SC (SNr)
Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA): Nucleus Accumbens (Limbic Loop)
List the Major Afferent Pathways of the Basal Ganglia
Striatum: Cortex, Thalamus, and SNc
Globus Pallidus: Striatum, Subthalamic (GPi), and SNr
Subthalamic Nucleus: GPe and Cortex
Substantia Nigra: Striatum (SNr) and Pedunculopontine Nucleus
Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA): Amygdala