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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anisocorial
inequal pupil size. Cause can be a lesion, ICPor injury to the mid-brain
Agnosia
Inability to determine meaning or significance of sensory stimulus
Cause = Cerebral cortex lesion
Apraxia
Inability to perform learned movements/defect in motor planning.
Cause = Cerebral cortex lesion
Aphasia
Loss of language comprehension, expression or both.
Cause = cerebral cortex lesion
Analgesia
Loss of pain sensation.
Cause = Lesion in the thalamus, lack of or damage to sensory nerve endings,
Hyperesthesia
Increase in sensation
cause = lesions in the spinal cord, thalamus, sensory cortex or peripheral sensory nerve
Hypoesthesia
Decrease in sensation.
cause = lesions in the spinal cord, thalamus, sensory cortex or peripheral sensory nerve
Anosognosia
Inability to recognize body defect or disease
Cause = lesion in the right parietal cortex/right brain stroke
Astereognosis
Inability to recognize form of object by touch
Cause = Lesion in pariatal cortex
Ataxia
Lack of coordination of movement
Cause = lesion in sensory or motor pathways or the cerebellum and anti-seizure/sedatives/hypnotic drug toxicities
Deplopia
Double vision
cause = lesion of extra occular muscles, cellerbellar damage
Dysarthria
Loss of mechanics of speech. Meaning and comprehension is maintained.
Cause = Anti-seizure drugs, sedatives/hypnotic drugs toxicity. Lesion in cerelbellum
Dyskinesia
Impairment of voluntary movement. resulting in fragment or incomplete movement.
Cause: disorder of the basal ganglia. Reaction to psychotropic drugs.
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing
Causes = lesion of cranial nerves IX and X.
Homonymous Hemianopsia
Loss of vision in one side of the visual field.
cause = injury to optic track or occipital cortex
Hemiplegia
Paralysis of one side. Cause = storke or other lesion
Nystagmus
Jerking or bobbing of the eyes as the track a moving object.
cause = lesions in the cerebellum, brain stem, vestibular system, anti-seizure/sedative/hypnotic toxicity
Ophthalmoplegia
Paralysis of eyeball movement
Cause = lesion in brain stem or Cn III, IV, VI
Opisthotonus
Extreme arching of the back with retraction of the head
Cause = meningitis, tonic phase of a grand mal seizure
Papilla edema
Choke disc, swelling of the optic nerve head
Cause = IICP