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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
S/S of Linear skull fracture
swelling, redness, bruising, tenderness on scalp, scalp laceration
S/S of Depressed skull fracture
CSF leak, bruising, tenderness, laceration
S/S of basilar skull fracture
raccoon's eyes
battle sign
CSF leak
Primary Brain Injury
concussion
contusion
Secondary Brain injury
hypoxia
hypotension
hypercarbia
cerebral edema
increased ICP
Epidural hemorrhage
aterial - side of the head
pupils fixed & dilated on the side of the lesion (hallmark sign)
Subdural hemorrhage
venous
relieved with crainiotomy or burr holes
Intracerebral hemorrhage
into brain tissues
collection of >25 mL of blood
treatable unless it expands
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
rupture of intracerebral aneursym
"worse headache of my life"
decreased LOC
nucheal rigidity
treatment for subarachnoid hemorrhage
coil embolization
manifestations of damage to Broca's area
expressive aphasia
motor fx
manifestations of damage to Wernicke's area
receptive aphasia
sensory fx
subarachnoid hemorrhage
bleeding caused by an aneurysm in the arteries around the Circle of Willis
symptoms of subarachnoid hemorrhage
headache
nuchal rigidity
photophobia
fever
nonsurgical treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage
amicar - to stabilize clot
quiet environment
monitor for SIADH
seizure precautions
surgical intervention for subarachnoid hemorrhage
coil embolization